The Gospel of Luke - Free Simple English Bible Commentary (2023)

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EasyEnglish Commentary on the Gospel of Luke (2800 Word Vocabulary)

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Luke wrote two books *New Testament (New Testament). *The Gospel of Luke tells the life and work of Jesus. The second book of Luke's Gospel, Acts, continues the story of Jesus after his return to heaven. These two books are equivalent to a quarter of NT dollars. This is even more than Paul wrote.

Luke was a physician (Colossians 4:14). He is often Pablo's travel companion. The book of Acts contains passages in which the author himself was Paul's companion ("we" in Acts 16:10-17; 20:5-21:18; 27:1-28:16). Luke shared Paul's work (Philemon, v. 24). He is a loyal friend. In prison, Paul said, "Only Luke was with me" (2 Timothy 4:11).

Lucas is a *gentleman. He was from Antioch, a major city in Syria.

Lucas is a skilled writer. He writes to show that *the Gospel is good news for all:

1 *Gentile (a person who is not *Jewish)

Luke tells us how Jesus emphasized the faith of the *gentiles*. Jesus did just that when he spoke in the Synagogue of Nazareth (4:16-30). Luke also records Jesus praising the *faith* of a *Roman official (7:1-9).

2 *Samaritans (*enemies of the Jews; from *Samarita)

The parable of the *good* Samaritan is found only in *Luke (10:30-37). Jesus praises a grateful *Samaritan who* heals him (17:11-19).

3 * sinners

Luke describes Jesus' encounter with Zacchaeus (19:1-10). It includes three *parables of Jesus that speak of God's love for the "lost" people, those who have turned away from God (Chapter 15).

4 women

The story of the widow of Nain (7:11-16) and Martha and Mary (10:38-42) are two examples of Luke's compassion for women.

5 poor people

Lucas is well aware of the dangers of wealth and sympathizes with the poor. Only Luke mentions *the parable of the rich fool (12, 13-21) and Lazarus' parable of the rich and poor (16, 19-31). Only Luke tells us about the poor *shepherds who visited Jesus after his birth.

6 people are sick

Luke shows how Jesus healed the sick through the power of God*.

As a physician, Luke mentions some medical details not found in the other *Gospels. Peter's wife has a high fever (4:38). *The man in the synagogue cannot use his "right hand" (6:6).

7 Prayer and Praise

There are many references to the prayer of Jesus. In this *Gospel there are three* parables of prayer:

1. "Midnight Friends" (11:5-10)

2. "The Unjust Judge" (18:1-8)

3. "The *Pharisees and *the tax collectors" (18:9-14)

Luke's Gospel includes songs of Zechariah (1,68-79), Mary (1,46-55) and Simeon (2,29-32) praising God because the *Messiah has come.

The *angel appears to the *shepherds (2:14). They sang "*Glory to God".

Why Luke wrote *Gospel 1:1-4

v1Many people try to write about what God has done in our midst.v2They got information from witnesses. They saw what happened and *preached* the Gospel.v3I have studied all these facts very carefully from the beginning. I therefore resolve, most venerable Theophilus, to describe to you exactly these events, in their correct order.v4This is to let you know the truth of what you have heard.

Verse 1 "what God created" refers to the news of Jesus' life, death and *resurrection, and his work. "We" refers to Luke and the people of his day.

vs 2 Luke was not one of the first witnesses to see and hear Jesus. But Lucas met some of these witnesses and heard their stories. He spent two years in Caesarea while Paul was imprisoned there (Acts 24:27). From there it was easy for Lucas to travel to gather information.

Verse 3 "very noble" is a word of respect. What they mean is that Theophilus was an important official. "Theophilus" means "Friend of God". It's a common name. Luke wanted to give you clear and precise information about Jesus. Luke paid attention to every detail he collected. Now you have to describe the events in the correct order. That probably means chronologically. It also means that Luke will give a clear and careful account of events.

Verse 4 Theophilus heard something about the Christian faith*. Luke wants to make sure his friend has the right information. So you decide to write a full and accurate account. He wanted Theophilus to understand more fully what Jesus did and taught.

*angel promises* the birth of John the Baptist 1:5-24

v5In the time of King Herod of Judea, there lived a priest named Zechariah. He belonged to the priestly body of Abijah. His wife's name was Elizabeth. She is the *descendant of Aaron the priest.v6God knows they are good people. They obey God's law perfectly.v7But they had no children because Isabelle was infertile. Also, both Isabel and Zacharias are very old now. They are beyond the normal age for people to have children.

vs 5 This member of the family of Herod was Herod the Great. And he reigned* over all the land of Israel for 33 years. Herod the Great was a great builder, but a bad character. He was jealous and cruel (see Matthew 2:1-18).

The events that Luke is about to describe occurred about a year before Herod's death.

Zechariah was one of 24 groups of priests (1 Chronicles 24:10). Each group works in the *Temple in Jerusalem. They are on duty twice a year for one week.

vs 7 If a woman has no children, *the Jews think God is punishing her and her husband. Women feel sad and ashamed. Other women with children would consider her a worthless wife.

v8One day, Zacharias was doing his work as a priest. He's in the Temple of Heaven because his team is on duty.v9The priest used *many to choose who was to burn* incense on the *altar. This time, Zacharias had his chance. So he entered the temple of *.v10There are already crowds of people outside. They prayed while he burned incense.

vs 9 There were many priests in each group, and they had to choose their duties by drawing lots. The opportunity to burn incense on the altar is a special honor. A priest can only do this once in his life. *The altar is inside the sanctuary.

v11An angel of the *Lord* appeared to Zechariah. The *angel stands* on the right side of the incense altar.v12Zacharias was terrified when he saw it.

v13But* the angel said to him, "Fear not, Zechariah! God has heard your prayer, and your wife Elizabeth will give you a son. You must call him John.v14You will have joy and happiness. Many others will be happy about your birth.v15It will be great in the eyes of the *God. You should not drink any alcohol or strong drinks. Even before he was born, he would be filled with the Holy Spirit. "

vs 13 Zechariah will pray for *Israel. But, over the years, he and Elizabeth must have also prayed for a son. Now they are too old. But God did not forget what they had prayed for before.

The name John means God is gracious.

Verse 15 "he will be great in the sight of *the Lord" indicates that God has a very important work for him.

The command not to drink any liquor or strong drink is evidence of this. This meant that John was to serve God in a special way. Some people make a special commitment to serve God (see Numbers 6:1-6). This order is part of their rules.

The words "filled with the Holy Spirit" meant that John would have the power of God's Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit will guide and help you in everything you do.

v16‘He will bring many *Israelites to God* to worship and praise him.v17He will prepare the people for the coming of the Lord. He will have the strength of character and the power of bold words of *Prophet Elijah. It will reunite parents and children. He will convert those who disobey God. Then they think like good people. He will prepare *the Lord's people to receive him.

vs 17 *The Jews believed that the great* prophet Elijah would return to earth. He will announce the coming of the Messiah (Malachi 4:5-6). There have been no * seers for hundreds of years. Like Elijah, John would be a *prophet who urged people to turn to God. This means they must put God first in their lives. It also helps keep families together. John's job was to prepare the way for *the Lord. That is, he told the people to expect the *Messiah to come soon. *Messiah means "Christ" in *Hebrew (*the language of the Jews).

v18Zechariah said to the *angel: 'How do I know this is true? Because I am an old man, and so is my wife.v19*The angel replied: 'I am Gabriel. I stand before God. He sent me to speak to you and bring you this good news.v20Now, because you don't believe me, you're going to shut up. You can't talk until Elizabeth has a baby. My words will be fulfilled in due course.

Verse 19 Gabriel is one of the most important *angels. His name appears twice in the *Old Testament (Daniel 8:16; 9:21).

Verse 20 "The due time" refers to nine months after Elizabeth's pregnancy began. It also means God's chosen time.

v21People are waiting for Zacharias. They wondered why he had been in the temple for so long.v22When he came out, he couldn't talk to them. They realized that he had received a message from God in the holy temple. Zacharias gestured, but said nothing.

vs 22 According to the custom, the priest was to bless the people. He announces the blessing in Numbers 6:24-26.

v23Zacharias returned home after his service period was over.v24Afterwards, his wife Elizabeth became pregnant. For five months, she did not appear in public.v25She said: 'Now the Lord has finally noticed me. People don't think I'm evil anymore.

Verse 23 Zechariah's house is on a hill south of Jerusalem (1:39-40).

vs 25 People will stop thinking that God is punishing them.

Message to Mary about the birth of Jesus 1:26-38

v26When Elizabeth was six months pregnant, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth. This is a small town in the region of Galilee.v27Gabriel had a message to a girl named Maria. She is going to marry a man named Jose. He came from the family of King David.

vs. 27 Nazareth was a small town a few miles south of the Sea of ​​Galilee. It is very serious when a man and a woman agree to marry. Such an agreement can only end in an act of divorce. A woman was considered a widow if the man died before marriage.

v28*The angel approaches Mary and greets her. 'The Lord is with you,' he said, 'and has given you great glory.v29The angel*'s message troubles Mary. He wondered what the greeting meant.v30*The angel said to her, "Don't be afraid, Maria. God is pleased with you.v31Soon you will be pregnant with a baby, and you will have a baby. You will call him "Jesus".v32He will be great and will bear the title "Son of the Most High". God will make him king, like his father David.v33He will rule over the descendants of Jacob* forever. His healthy kingdom has no end.

vs. 28 *The usual Jewish greeting is "Peace be upon you."

Verse 31 "Jesus" is the *Greek form of the *Hebrew name "Joshua". The name means "*Lord is *Savior".

Verse 32 "Son of the Most High" is an expression for "Son of God". This is the name of the *Messiah. "Most High" is a name for God in the *Old Testament.

Verse 33 "the *offspring of Jacob" refers to the *Israelites. Among them was King David. God promised David that his throne (rule) would never end (2 Samuel 7:16).

v34Mary asked the *angel: 'How could this happen? I am single'.v35*The angel replied: The Holy Spirit will come upon you, the power of God will come upon you. Therefore, the son you are going to have is holy. He will be the Son of *God.v36look! Your relative Isabel is 6 months pregnant, despite her age. People said she couldn't have children.v37Because there is nothing God can't do.v38Mary said, "I am *the Lord's servant. Let it be done to me as you say. The angel left her.

Verse 34 Maria wonders how she can have children before she and Joseph marry.

The words "rest in" in verse 35 mean that the glory of God* rested on a place or a person. The power of God, through the Holy Spirit, made it possible for Mary to have this child.

Verse 35 "Holy, *Son of God" means that the child will be the Son of God. I would be without *guilty.

vs 38 When Mary accepted the will of God, she took a great risk. Maybe Jose will be angry. He may be embarrassed in public. The townspeople will no doubt gossip about her. A girl who promises to marry must be loyal to her future husband. If he is not faithful, he is violating God's law. However, Mary did not doubt the *angel's message. Out of sympathy for women, Lucas may have learned the story from Maria herself.

Mary visits Elizabeth 1:39-56

v39Not long after, Maria hurried to a small town in the mountains of Judea. This is in the south of the country.v40He walked into Zacharias' house and greeted Isabel.v41When Isabel heard Maria's greeting, the baby moved inside her. Then the Holy Spirit filled Elizabeth.v42She cried out: 'God has blessed you more than any other woman! And he's guaranteed to bless the baby you're expecting!v43The mother of my Lord came to see me. Why do I have this honor?v44My inner baby jumped for joy at the mere hearing of your greeting.v45You are happy because you trust that the *LORD's message to you will come true!

Verse 44 A six-month-old baby moves in its mother's body. However, Elizabeth knew that her baby had suddenly moved. It showed her baby was overjoyed. Juan wasn't born yet, but he knew Maria's son was special.

vs 45 Elizabeth was much older than Mary. But she wasn't jealous that Maria had top honors. Mary's child will be the *Messiah.

Mary praises God in song 1:46-55

Maria heard Elizabeth's words, and she sang joyful songs to praise God. Christians are still singing that song today.

This song has four parts.

1. God's goodness to Mary 1:46-49

v46-47'My spirit praises the LORD. My heart is full of joy, because God is my *Saviour.

v48Although I am not important, he has remembered me as a servant. Since then, people from all over the world have called me "Blessed".

2. The Character of God 1:49-50

v49"The god of strength has done great things for me. Holy is his name.v50In every age he has shown his love and kindness to those who honor him. "

God's "name" in verse 49 describes what he is like. He is pure and perfect. He has power over everything. He is the most eternal. He is "holy".

3. God's way of changing society 1:51-53

v51'God, by his might, by his proud plans, has scattered men.v52He overthrew his fellow rulers. He gives more honor to the humble.v53He feeds the hungry with good things. But he fired the rich for nothing. "

Mary speaks in verses 51-53 of how God destroys the plans of the proud (Genesis 11:4-8). He overthrew powerful rulers (Daniel 5). He puts the humble into positions of power (Genesis 41:40). Maria is sure that God will be like this in the future. He has done this in the past (Psalm 98:1).

The hungry are poor. God will provide for them (Psalm 107:9). Also, it means those who "desire" to know God. He will satisfy your *spiritual hunger (Matthew 5:6). Some people are rich and feel they don't need God. They get nothing (Luke 12:16-21).

4. God's Promise 1:54-55

v54He fulfilled his promise to our first ancestors. He came to help his servant *Israel.v55He remembers expressing his love and kindness to Abraham. and all his health seeds.

Verse 54 "His servant *Israel" refers to *Israelites. God has delivered them from their enemies many times in the past. God now sends *Messiah to save them from *sin. God had promised this to their *ancestors.

vs. 55 God promised Abraham that he would* bless all the families of the earth. This would happen to one of Abraham's *descendants (Genesis 12:3). Mary realized that God's promises were being fulfilled. The love and mercy that God showed Abraham will continue in the work of the *Messiah. The *Messiah will bring *blessings to all *Abraham's descendants.

v56Maria stayed with Isabel for about three months. Then he went back to his house.

vs 56 Mary returns to Nazareth just before Elizabeth gives birth to her child John.

Birth and *Circumcision John 1:57-66

v57Elizabeth's childbearing time came, and she gave birth to a son.v58Her neighbors and relatives had heard how merciful the Lord had been to her. They shared their joy.v59When the child is eight days old, all the neighbors and relatives come to participate in *circumcision. Then he will get his name. They wanted to give him the same name as his father, Zacharias.v60But his mother said: "Of course not! His name will be John.v61They told him: "You have no relatives with that name."v62Then they motioned to their father. They asked him what he wanted his son to be named.v63Zacharias asked for a clipboard. "John is his name," he wrote. This surprised everyone.v64Immediately, Zacharias was able to speak again. He started praising God.v65He amazed all his neighbors. People lived in the mountains of Judah. They've been talking about the events of John's birth.v66they want to know. They asked, "What will this child be like when he grows up?" because it was obvious that *the Lord* had blessed this child.

vs 59 The Law of Moses required boys to be circumcised one week after birth (Leviticus 12:3). *Circumcision is evidence of God's special agreement with *the Israelites (Genesis 17:9-14). At the same time, they also held a naming ceremony for the child.

Section 62 "They waved to Zacarias". Maybe Zacharias is deaf and dumb. Or maybe people just thought he was deaf. They know that deaf people often cannot speak.

Section 63 "A WordPad". It's a small board that's polished and smooth. People were scribbling on blackboards. They used a small stick with a pointed end.

Zacarías wrote: "John is his name." The boy already had his name. God had given it to him.

Song of Zechariah 1:67-79

Verses 67-75 are hymns of praise to God. God saves his people and keeps his promises. Verses 76-79 describe John's work. The song conveys hope for the future.

v67The Holy Spirit fell on Zechariah, John's father. As a *prophet, he delivered a message from God to his people:

v68‘Praise *Jehovah, * the God of Israel! He came to save his people.

v69He has given us a mighty *savior of the royal family of his servant David.

v70Long ago, God made a promise through his holy* prophets.

v71He promised that he would save us from our enemies and those who hate us.

v72God said he would show the love and kindness he promised to our ancestors. He will keep his covenant with them.v73God made a solemn promise to Abraham to deliver us from our enemies.v74This promise means we will be able to serve God without fear.v75We belong to God and we will live our lives in the right way with him.

v76You, My Child, shall be the *Prophet of God Most High. You will be the *herald of *the Lord, preparing the way for him.v77You will tell his people that God will forgive their *sins. So he *would* save them.v78For our God is loving and merciful. He will send a *savior. Like the sun rising at dawn.v79It will shine upon all who live in darkness and the shadow of death. He will keep us calm in spirit. "

vs. 71 *The Jews had many enemies. There used to be powerful foreign countries that attacked and ruled them. Therefore, most *Jews would describe "the enemy" politically. This was especially true at the time because *Roman soldiers were in their country. However, the rest of the song implies that "enemy" refers to all those who oppose God.

vs 73 God's promise to Abraham is in Genesis 22:16-17.

Verse 76 Zechariah begins to speak to his son and describes him as a *prophet. *Israel has had no* prophets for hundreds of years. God sent John to prepare the way for the *Messiah (Malachi 3:1).

Verses 78-79 In darkness, people cannot see the real thing. They can't see where they're going. The words "shadow of death" suggest that they are hopeless. When the sun rises at dawn, the darkness disappears. Like the sun, the *Messiah will bring light to the world (John 8:12). Then people will really understand what is right and what is wrong. Light enables people to see where they are going. Jesus is the light of the world. Therefore, he will guide people on the path of peace. This peace does not mean there are no problems. This means we feel at peace in our spirit. It means we are at peace with God because He* forgave us. This means we can be sure of God's love in every situation. We are not afraid of death. Christians are sure that they will live with God forever.

John grows up 1:80

v80As John grew older, his *spiritual life became stronger. He was in the desert until he started doing public service to God.

vs. 80 This desert was probably west of the Jordan River, near the Dead Sea.

Nativity 2:1-7

v1At that time *César Augusto ordered a *census of the *Roman* Empire.v2This was the first* census when Quirinius ruled Syria.v3Everyone goes to their home town to register.v4Joseph also traveled from Nazareth in Galilee to Bethlehem in Judea. Bethlehem is the city where King David was born. Joseph went there because David was his ancestor.

v5Jose goes there to register with Maria who promised to marry him. She is pregnant.

v6While they were there, it was time for her to have a baby.v7She gave birth to her first child. Maria wrapped it in cloth strips and put it in an open box. This box was once used to hold animal food. *There is no room for them in the hotel.

Verse 1 "then" refers to when John was a baby. The name *Caesar means *Roman* Emperor. He was the king of all the countries ruled by the *Romans. This *Caesar also received the title Augustus, which means "noble". This is because he brought peace after years of war. Heruló 41 years.

*The reason for the census is to collect *taxes. The *Romans conducted* a census every 14 years.

vs. 2 We know from ancient records that Cyrinius conducted a census a few years after Jesus was born (Acts 5:37). Cyrenius ruled Syria twice, so Luke must be referring to an earlier *census. We don't know anything about it.

vs 3 These people had to go back to the city where their family came from.

v. 4 Nazareth is about 80 miles (130 km) from Bethlehem.

Section 5 Maria may not have to go either. But José didn't want to keep her in Nazareth. People may insult her. She is pregnant but not yet married.

vs 6 The firstborn belonged to God (Exodus 13:2).

Verse 7 The town was full of people when Jose and Maria arrived. People are coming for the *census. *The census brought Mary to Bethlehem. * Micah's prophecy (5:2) states that * the Messiah will be born there. That is true.

*Shepherds and *angels 2:8-20

v8In that region not far from Bethlehem, there were* shepherds in the fields. They herded the sheep all night.v9An angel of the *Lord* appeared to them. *The glory of the Lord shone upon them. They are full of fear.v10But *the angel said to them: 'Do not be afraid! I'm here to tell you good news. This will bring great joy to everyone.v11For a Savior has been born to you today in the City of David. He is Christ* Lord.v12This will be your evidence. You'll find a baby wrapped in strips. He lies where the animals have food.v13Immediately, a great host of *angels were with *angels from heaven. They praised God saying:v14‘Praise be to the Almighty God! Whoever pleases him brings peace on earth.

v15Then the *angel returns to heaven. The shepherds said to each other, 'We must go to Bethlehem right away. Then we will be able to see what the *Lord tells us.v16They hurried to find Mary and Joseph. They saw the baby lying in the animal box.v17Then the *shepherds told everyone what the angel had told them about the child.v18*The story of the shepherd amazes everyone.v19But Maria took it all to heart and thought deeply about it.v20* Shepherds return to their flocks. *The shepherds praise God for everything they hear and see. All was as the *angel told them.

vs 8 It is likely that these *shepherds were tending flocks destined to be sacrificed in the *Holy Temple* in Jerusalem. Bethlehem is only a few miles from Jerusalem.

Verse 9 "Glory" describes a very bright light. It means God is there.

Verse 11 The city of David is Bethlehem (1 Samuel 16:1).

"A *savior". Mary also speaks of "God my *savior" (1:47). "Christ" comes from the *Greek word* and the Hebrew word "*Messiah". "*Lord" is the title of God in the Bible.

vs 12 They could see the proof that the *angel's message was true.

vs 13 In the *Old Testament, God is "* the LORD of hosts" (Isaiah 6:3). "Host" means "army". *The angels are an army in heaven.

Verse 14 "the most high heaven" is a way of describing where God is. * Messiah will bring peace (Isaiah 9:6).

vs. 20 *The Jewish leaders of that time did not like the * Shepherds. * Priests cannot follow all the rules of their religion because of their jobs. However, they were the first to hear the good news of the Messiah*'s birth. Luke often emphasizes God's concern for the poor or unimportant.

v21When the child is eight days old, it is time to circumcise him. At that time he also received his name Jesus. The *angel who visited Mary said this would be her name (1:31).

v22So Mary and Joseph had to do what the Law of Moses commanded. Mary and Joseph then took Jesus to Jerusalem and dedicated him to *the Lord.

v23As the *Old Testament law says, "The first born man in a family belongs to the *Lord".

v24The law also states that parents must offer* two chicks as sacrifices.

Luke verse 21 emphasizes the baby's name. The name Jesus means *savior, the one who saves people from *sin.

Verses 22-24 After giving birth, a woman is "unclean" for forty days. He cannot enter the *Jerusalem Temple. He is also unable to attend any *religious ceremonies. At the end of the 40 days, she must sacrifice a healthy lamb and a bird. If he can't afford a lamb, he can bring another bird instead. Mary's *giving shows that she did not have enough money to buy a *lamb (Leviticus 12:8).

Exodus 13:2 states that *the first child in an Israelite family belongs to God. When the firstborn son of the house of Egypt died, the firstborn son of the house of *Israel lived (Exodus 13:14-15). They belong to God.

Simeon recognizes the *Messiah 2:25-35

v25In Jerusalem there lived a man named Simeon. He is a good man. He loves God. He was waiting for God's *Messiah to come and save *Israel. The Holy Spirit was upon him.v26The Holy Spirit told him that he would not die until he met the *LORD's* Messiah.v27The Holy Spirit led Simeon to the courtyard of the *Temple. Then the parents took baby Jesus to do what the law commanded.v28Simeon took Jesus in his arms and praised God.v29"Lord, you kept your word," he said. Now your servant can die in peace.v30-31For I have seen your *salvation, which you have prepared for all.v32He will be like a lamp, showing the truth to *the Gentiles. He will bring glory to your people *Israel.

vs 29 Simeon has finished his work for God because he has seen the *Messiah.

Verse 32 Isaiah speaks of *the Servant of the Lord who will "set fire to the nations" (Isaiah 42:6). Simeon's words are similar to these. The *Messiah will help *the Gentiles understand the truth of God. All peoples, both *Jews and *Gentiles, will see the glory of *God, for His Son has come (Isaiah 40:5).

v33The mother of Jesus and Joseph was amazed by what he said to the child.v34Simeon blessed them* and said to Mary, the mother of the child, "This child will cause many in Israel to stumble and rise again. It will be like a sign pointing people to God. Many will be against him.v35He will reveal the secret thoughts of many hearts. You will be very sad. It will be like a giant sword, piercing deeply into your heart.

Section 33 Joseph is the legal father of Jesus.

Verse 34 "Fall and Rise" has two possible meanings:

(1) People must humble themselves (“Fall”) in order to take a place in *God’s Kingdom (“Rise”).

(2) Children separate people. Those who reject Jesus will be judged ("the Fall"). Whoever accepts it will enter into his *Kingdom ('rise'). This will happen in "*Israel", i.e. among Jesus' own people. This truth also appears in John 1:11-12.

vs 35 Mary will suffer a lot. All this came true when he saw his son Jesus die.

People show their attitude toward God when they accept or reject Jesus, God's Son.

Hannah recognizes *Messiah 2:36-38

v36Anna was the daughter of Fanuel of the tribe of Asher. She carried God's message to people. She had a husband for seven years.v37Now she is a widow. He was 84 years old. She didn't leave the *shrine. She praised God day and night. She prays and fasts.v38He arrived at that moment and thanked God. She told all those who were waiting for someone to come and save Jerusalem about the baby.

Verse 37 "she did not leave the *temple" probably means that she lived in a room there.

vs. 38 She and Simeon arrive at the same time.

Jerusalem is the center of worship for the entire nation of Israel*. This nation is awaiting the arrival of the *Messiah.

Mary and Joseph return to Nazareth 2:39-40

v39Mary and Joseph returned to their hometown of Nazareth in Galilee. They performed all the ceremonies required by law.v40The boy grew up and became strong. He is full of wisdom. God's blessing came upon him.

They visit Jerusalem for *Passover* 2:41-52

This story is the only one about Jesus as a child. Only Luke told.

v41Every year, Mary and Joseph go to Jerusalem for the *Passover* feast.

v42They went there as usual when Jesus was 12 years old.v43*After the party, they started their journey home. But the baby Jesus remained in Jerusalem. His parents didn't know about it.v44They traveled for a day thinking he was in their group. They then searched for him among his family and friends.v45They didn't find it. So they returned to Jerusalem to look for him.v46Three days later, they found him at the Temple of God. I sit among the teachers. I'm listening to them and asking them questions.v47He surprised everyone who heard him because he knew and understood so much.v48When Jose and Maria saw it, they were amazed. His mother said to him, 'Son, why are you doing this to us? Your father and I were very concerned as we tried to find you.v49He said to them, 'Why are you looking for me? Don't you know I'm supposed to be at my father's house?v50They did not understand what he said.v51Then he went down with them to Nazareth. He continues to obey his parents. Your mom has kept these precious memories in her heart.v52Jesus became wiser and taller. God pleased him, and others approved of him.

Section 41 The Passover was held in April and lasted for a week. This *feast reminds* the Israelites of how God delivered them from Egypt. There they were slaves (Exodus 12:24-27). Every *Jew should go to Jerusalem for the three *important holidays: *Passover, *Pentecost and *Sukkot. If they cannot attend three *feasts, they will choose *Passover as the most important.

v. 42 A *Jewish boy becomes a man, a "son of the law" at the age of 12. This may have been Jesus' first visit to the *temple in Jerusalem as a child.

Section 43 On weekends, people go home together in droves. Mary and Joseph didn't worry about Jesus until the afternoon of the first day of their journey. They all meet at night.

Verses 45-46 Mary and Joseph spend a day returning to Jerusalem. The next day they searched for Jesus in the city. They found him on the third day.

Verse 47 The *court of the *temple was the place where the *rabbis taught. It is common for students to ask and answer questions. Jesus joined a group. I am asking questions. He also answered the questions the teacher asked him. He surprised them by knowing and understanding so much.

vs 49 No *Jews would call God "my" Father. But Jesus had realized that he had a special relationship with God. Joseph is just his legal "father".

When Jesus said, "I must be in my Father's house," it showed how much he knew. Jesus knew he had to do what Heavenly Father asked him to do. Throughout his life, Jesus knew he had to obey God's will for him.

v. 51 Thereafter Lucas makes no mention of Joseph's presence. Joseph could have died before Jesus began his public work. However, the Nazarenes called Jesus "son of Joseph" (Luke 4:22).

"Mary keeps all these precious memories in her heart." Perhaps, many years later, he told Luke himself.

The work of John the Baptist 3:1-22

v1*Emperor Tiberius ruled that part of the world for 15 years. Pontius Pilate ruled Judea. Herod ruled Galilee, and his brother Philip ruled Iturea and Tracomite. Lysanias ruled Abilene.v2Annas and Caiaphas were the chief priests. At that moment, a message from God reached Zechariah's son John. John is in the desert.

Verse 1 After the death of Herod the Great, his three sons (Achelaus, Antipas, and Philip) divided up the kingdom:

(1) Herod Archelaus owns Judea. When Joseph and Mary returned from Egypt with Jesus, they went to Galilee. They did not want to stay where Archelaus ruled (Matthew 2:19-23). Archelaus ruled Judea so cruelly that the *Romans eventually replaced him. Pontius Pilate ruled Judea for 10 years. (In 1962, a stone bearing his name was unearthed in Caesarea, where he once lived.)

(2) Herod Antipas ruled Galilee while John and Jesus taught.

(3) Philip and Herod Antipas had the same father and mother.

Verse 2 Luke says that Annas and Caiaphas were high priests. There should be only one high priest at a time. Caiaphas was officially the high priest. But Annas (the father of Caiaphas' wife) still held great power. Jesus' captors first took him to Annas (John 18:13).

The Message of John 3:3-17

v3John traveled the whole area around the Jordan River. He declared that people must stay away from evil ways. Then he will* baptize them. Then God will forgive their *sins.v4John fulfilled Isaiah's *prophecy (Isaiah 40:3-5). Juan is the voice of the one who speaks in the desert. John said: Prepare the way for the Lord, make a way for him!

v5Raise up all the valleys! Make every mountain and hill level! Make crooked roads straight! Make rough roads smooth!v6Everyone will see how God will *save them.

Verses 4-6 The king was about to go on a long journey, and his guards went ahead to prepare the way. The officer will make the road smooth, straight, and smooth. John was preparing the people for the coming of their King*Messiah. They must allow the Lord into their lives. You have to eliminate all wrong attitudes. These attitudes are like the "valleys" and "hills" that prevent God from saving them. They must correct everything that is wrong in their lives. They must correct everything that is contrary to the will of God.

In verse 6, Luke quotes from Isaiah to emphasize that Jesus has come to all the world, both *Jews and *Gentiles.

v7Crowds flocked to John to be baptized. "You're trying to escape the desert fire like vipers!" John said. 'You want to escape the wrath of God.v8But you must bear fruit in your life that shows that you have truly repented. Don't say: "We have Abraham as our *ancestor". God could use these stones to create the first offspring for Abraham.v9Even now, the ax is ready to chop down the trees by the roots. God will cut down every tree that does not bear good fruit. He will throw it into the fire.

vs 7 John realizes that some people are not coming with the right attitude. They don't really feel sorry for their *sins. They try to escape God's punishment. "Fire" is a way of describing God's judgment.

vs 8 These are the descendants of *Abraham. They think this connection will save them. But God can create Abraham's offspring as he pleases, even out of hard stone. In *Hebrew, the words for "stone" and "child" are very similar. John is using this fact when he says these words.

People judge trees by their fruit, not their roots. These *Jews believe in their "roots", i.e. their connection to Abraham. They should have been thinking about their "fruit". "Fruit" comes from dealing with God and others in the right way.

In verse 9 John says that it is imperative that people change their wicked ways. God is like a farmer. When a tree does not bear good fruit, the farmer will cut it down. Then he threw the tree into the fire. If people don't change, God is ready to do the same.

John teaches the crowd 3:10-14

v10The crowd asked him, "What shall we do?"v11He replied, "If anyone has two coats, give one to the man who has none. He must also share his food."v12*The tax collectors also come* to be baptized. They asked him, "Master, what are we going to do?"v13"Don't charge more money than the *Romans demand", he said.v14The soldiers also asked him, "Then what shall we do?" He said, "Don't use force against people. Don't pretend they did something wrong. Don't complain about your salary.

vs 10 The crowd asks how they can satisfy God's requirement for "fruit."

Section 11 Ordinary people should stop being selfish. They have to take care of the needs of others.

Verses 12-13 John didn't tell the hateful tax collectors they shouldn't work for the *Romans. On the contrary, they cannot use their work to deceive people. They must be honest.

Section 14 Soldiers should not use their power to make money for themselves. They should not scare people with *physical attacks. They shouldn't be making people pay to avoid the hassle of certain crimes. Soldiers have been accusing people of crimes they did not commit.

*Messiah 3:15-17

v15The whole town is full of hope. They wondered if John was the Christ.v16Juan said to them: I wash * with water. Someone far more important than me is coming. I'm not even a slave worthy to take off his shoes. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.v17It's like a farmer fanning his grain first. He will put good wheat in his shop. But he'll burn the straw completely.

v16 John realizes that he is only the one who announces the coming of the *Messiah. Here comes the king. But John felt he wasn't good enough. Not even the menial work of slavery for him. John* baptized people with water. This shows that people want to be clean and free from *sin.

The fire is powerful. The baptism of the *Messiah* gives people the power of the Holy Spirit to live in a new way. Fire also refers to the punishment of those who refuse to believe.

v. 17 A farmer uses a large implement like a fork to plow the grain. He tosses a mixture of grain and straw into the air. The wind carried away the straw and the grains fell to the ground. John uses this figurative language to show that the *Messiah will divide people. A good man is like a valley, and he must enter his country.

John warns Herod 3:18-20

v18John warned people in many other ways by proclaiming the good news to them.

v19John had told the ruler Herod that he should not marry his brother's wife, Herodias. John also spoke out against many other bad things Herod did.v20Herod added another *sin to all his other *sins: He put John in prison.

vs. 19 Herod Antipas divorced his wife. She was the daughter of King Aretas from Arabia. Herod wanted to marry Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip. Felipe is his half-brother. He was the son of Herod the Great by another mother. [He was not the same as Philip who ruled over Iturea (Luke 3:1). ] John said divorce and marriage are bad. Herodias never forgave John.

vs 20 They didn't lock John up until later. John and Jesus continued to teach. Here Luke completes his account of John. Then he went on to tell the story of Jesus.

John* baptizes Jesus 3:21-22

v21When all the people came to be baptized, Jesus also came. Jesus was praying when John* baptized him. Then the sky opened up.v22The Holy Spirit descended on Jesus in the form of a dove (bird). A voice came from heaven: 'You are my beloved son. I am very happy with you.

Verse 21 Jesus was not *sinful, he had to ask for forgiveness. He came to save *sinners. He wants to show that he knows them and cares about them. He also chose to mark the beginning of his public work in this way.

"I'm praying". Luke emphasized Jesus' prayer in every moment of his life. Luke also includes two* parables about prayer (Luke 11:5-13; 18:1-8).

In verse 22 the Holy Spirit descends upon Jesus in the form of a bird. It could also mean that the Holy Spirit descends as silently as a bird. The Holy Spirit empowered Jesus for future work. The words “son whom I love” come from Psalm 2:7. Describe the *Messiah. God was “well pleased with him.” These are the words of Isaiah (42:1). They describe servants of God. Other passages in Isaiah show that God's servants will suffer and die (Isaiah 53:8-10).

Jesus' ancestors 3:23-28

v23Jesus was in his 30s when he began his public service.

It is believed that Jesus was the son of Joseph. He comes from a Heli family.v24Heli is from the Mattthat family. Matthew was from the family of Levi. Levi comes from the McKee family. Melchi is from Jannai's family. Jannai is from the Joseph family.v25Jose is from the Matatias family. Mattathias was a descendant of the family of Amos. Amos was from the family of Nahum. Nahum is from Esli's family. Esli is from the Naggai family.v26Naggai comes from the family of Maath. Maath comes from the Mattathias family. Mattathias was from Semein's family. Semein is from Josech's family. Josech is from Joda's family.v27Joda is from Joanan's family. Joanan is from Rhesa's family. Rhesawas of Zerubbabel family. Zerubbabel was from the family of Shealtiel. Shealtiel is from the Neri family.v28Neri is from the Melchi family. Melchi is from Addi's family. Addi is from a Cosam family. Cosam is from the Elmadam family. Elmadam is from the family of Er.v29Er is from Joshua's family. Joshua was from the Eliezer family. Eliezer was from the family of Jolim. Jorim is from the Matat family. Matat was from the family of Levi.v30Levi was from a Simeon family. Simeon was from the family of Judah. Judah came from the family of Joseph. Joseph comes from Yonan's family. Jonan was from the family of Eliakim.v31Eliakim is from the Melea family. Melea is from Menna's family. Menna is from the Mattatha family. Mattatha is from Nathan's family. Nathan comes from David's family.

v32David comes from Jesse's family. Jesse came from the family of Obed. Obed was born in the family of Boaz. Boaz comes from the salmon family. Salmon come from the Nahshon family.v33Nahshun was born into the family of Amminadab. Aminadab is from the Ram family. Ram was from the family of Hezron. Hezron is from the Perez family. Pérez comes from the JUDA family.

v34Judah came from the family of Jacob. Jacob came from the family of Isaac. Isaac came from the family of Abraham. Abraham came from the family of Terah. Terah was from the family of Nahor.v35Nahor was born in the Xilu family. Xilu comes from the Raoul family. Reu is from the Peleg family. Peleg was born into the Heber family. Eber comes from Serra's family.v36Salad comes from the Cainan family. Cainan came from the family of Arphaxad. Arfaxad is from the Sem family. Shem came from Noah's family. Noah was from the family of Lamech.v37Lamech was from the family of Methuselah. Methuselah belonged to the family of Enoch. Enoch was a member of the Jared family. Jared was from the family of Mahalalel. Mahler was from the family of Cainan.v38Cainan was born into the family of Enosh. Enos was from the family of Seth. Seth belonged to the Adam family. Adam belonged to God.

Verses 23-38 There are several possible reasons why Jesus waited until he was 30:

(1) *After the Passover visit to Jerusalem, Josephus is not mentioned. So, until the age of 30, Jesus struggled to care for his mother and siblings.

(2) He had the opportunity to teach himself the question of family responsibilities. Later, I taught and spoke with authority.

(3) *The Levites were officials who assisted the priests. They enter service at the age of 30. Men of that age are considered mature.

For *Jews, family history is very important. God had promised to send *Christ from the house of David. It is necessary to show that *Christ is* the descendant of David. So both Matthew and Luke recorded genealogies. Here is an explanation of the two different family listings.

Matthew gives a list of legitimate names from Abraham to Joseph. In *Jewish law, Joseph was the father of Jesus, but in reality, he was not. The Gospel of Matthew begins with Abraham and progresses forward in time (Matthew 1:2-16). This shows that Jesus came from the *Jewish nation as a person. Jesus is the *Christ that God promised to *Israel.

Luke shows that Jesus was not actually Joseph's son. Then, a list of Maria *ancestors is given. Joseph was the son of Jacob (Matthew 1:16). Eli was his father-in-law (the father of Mary, Joseph's wife). Miriam was the daughter of Eli. Luke may have used the masculine name Joseph, which was *Jewish custom at the time. Jewish people don't usually end or start family lists with women. Instead, they would provide her husband's name.

Lucas shows Jose's family list and goes back to Adam. This shows that the person Jesus was related to all people, not just *Jews. God promised Adam that his *offspring would defeat *Satan (Genesis 3:15). This *seed is Jesus.

Jesus and the Devil 4:1-13

v1-2Jesus returned from the Jordan River. He is filled with the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit led him into the desert for 40 days. During that time, the devil tried to make him do evil. Jesus has nothing. At the end of the 40 days, he was hungry.v3The devil said to him: "If you are really the Son of God, turn this stone into bread."v4Jesus replied, "*The Bible says, 'Bread is not the only need of the people.'v5The devil took him away and at the same time showed him all the countries in the world.v6He said: "I'm going to give you all this power and glory. God gave it to me and I can give it to anyone I choose.v7As long as *worship me, it will all be yours.v8Jesus replied, "The Bible* says, "*Worship* the Lord your God, and serve him only.v9The devil took Jesus to Jerusalem and put him on top of the temple. He told Jesus: "If you really are the Son of God, dance".v10*The scripture says, "God will command his *angels to watch over you. They will keep you safe."v11"They'll hold you in their arms. You won't even hurt your feet on the rocks."v12Jesus answered, "* It is also said in the scriptures, 'You shall not put the Lord your God to the test!"'v13After each trial, the devil walked away from Jesus until his next chance.

vs 1 After John* baptized him in the Jordan River, Jesus returned. As Jesus spent 40 days in the desert, he kept thinking about his work as the *Messiah. All the scriptures that Jesus used to deal with the devil come from Deuteronomy. This shows that Jesus was thinking about Moses' 40 days in the desert (Deuteronomy 9:9-18). During those 40 days, Moses received God's direction for his work.

Verses 2-4 The devil tried to make Jesus doubt that he was the Son of God and use wrong methods to do his work. Jesus was hungry. So the devil hinted that Jesus could use his power to turn stones into bread. The flat, hot stones look like bread. This attractive thought would satisfy his own hunger. Also, Jesus could have expressed his sympathy for the starving people in the same way. The *Jews believed that when the *Messiah came, he would give them bread from heaven (John 6:30-31). Jesus knew that meeting someone's need for food would still leave that person hungry for God. Jesus refused to do what the devil suggested. Jesus used words from Deuteronomy (8:3). These words imply that life is more than just being alive. People need more than food in life.

vs 5-8 The devil now takes Jesus to a high place. From there, you can see all the countries of the world. The devil offered them to Jesus for as long as Jesus* worshiped him. This second test refers to the way other nations lured ancient *Israelites to follow their God (Deuteronomy 6:10-15). Jesus knew *worship belonged only to God. People should *not* worship anything that would take them away from God. Jesus again uses the words of Deuteronomy (6:13) in rejecting the devil's offer.

Verses 9-12 Jesus then imagines him on top of the Temple in Jerusalem*. Below it is a 450-foot (150-meter) drop into the Kidron Valley. It would be a remarkable spectacle if Jesus jumped safely off the roof of the *temple. It will attract people to follow you. The words of the devil in Psalm 91:11-12. This shows that even the *Bible says Jesus could trust God to keep him safe. But the devil does not go on to mention the following words (Psalm 91:13). They refer to the failure of the lion. That is a picture of the devil (1 Peter 5:8). Jesus responded and spoke the words from Deuteronomy (6:16). He said it was always wrong to tempt God. Doing stupid things is wrong. It doesn't work either. People who want to get a thrill out of extraordinary events quickly tire of them.

vs 13 So the devil left Jesus, but until he thought he had another chance.

Jesus often had a hard time finding enough time to teach. People are always asking him to help them. Although Jesus was popular, people wanted him to be a political leader (John 6:15). Many of his enemies demanded that Jesus provide evidence of who he was (Luke 11:16).

Jesus begins teaching 4:14-15

v14Jesus returned to Galilee with the power of the Holy Spirit. Word about him travels far and wide.v15He taught* in all their synagogues, and they all praised him.

The Nazarenes reject Jesus 4:16-30

v16Jesus went to Nazareth, the place where he was born. He went to synagogue on *Shabbat. This is his habit. He stands up and reads.v17The officer gave him *the book of the prophet Isaiah. Jesus opened the book and found a place to say:v18-20"The Holy Spirit is upon me because he has chosen me to bring the good news to the poor. He has sent me

· proclaim the liberty of those in prison

· Let the blind see again

· give freedom to all who suffer

· Declare that this is the time *the Lord has chosen* to save the people.

Jesus closed the book and handed it to the officials. Then he sat down. *Everyone in the synagogue was looking at him.

vs 16 *A synagogue is a place where *Jews gather* to worship God. *Shabbat is the seventh day of *the Jewish week. This is the day of rest from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday. As part of the service, someone reads the *Hebrew Bible. Officials may ask visitors to read and then interpret the words.

Section 17 The official is in charge of securing the scroll, which he keeps in a wooden cabinet. The "book" is the long scroll that Jesus had to open. The scripture you have chosen to read describes the work of the *Messiah. They come from Isaiah 61:1-2.

vs 18 The poor are those who have very little. * Messiah will release people when he forgives them. The blind will be able to see again. People can also be blind to *spiritual truths. * Messiah will help these people understand his words.

Verse 19 Jesus reads the news of the *Messiah's coming. Then he finished reading it. He doesn't finish the verse with the words that God punishes the wicked.

Section 20 Teachers usually sit while teaching.

v21Jesus said to them, "Today this word has been fulfilled."v22Jesus impresses people with his engaging way of speaking. It surprised them. The son of Joseph they knew claimed to be the *Messiah.v23Jesus said to them, "No doubt they will say to me, 'Physician, heal yourself.'" We have heard of your work in Capernaum. Do the same in your hometown. "v24Jesus said, "People will not accept a *prophet from their own land.v25I am telling the truth. In Elijah's time, there was not much food because there had been no rain for three and a half years. *Israel has many widows.v26However, Elijah did not go to help any of them. He only went to the * Gentile widow of Sarepta in Sidon.v27In the time of *Prophet Elisha, there were many people suffering from skin diseases. But only Naaman who came from Syria was cleansed” (1 Kings 5:1-14).v28Hearing this, the people in the synagogue were very angry.v29They jumped up and pushed Jesus out of the city. His city is on a hill. They took Jesus to the top of the mountain. They were going to throw it down the hill.v30But Jesus went straight through the crowd and left them.

vs 22-23 *The Jews of Nazareth thought they knew all about Jesus. They have seen him grow. They knew his family. He was a carpenter (he made wooden objects). They could not believe that he was the *Messiah. Likewise, we cannot respect someone we know very well. Jesus knew they wanted him to prove that he was telling the truth. They wanted Jesus to do something wonderful for them. This request is like the third trial of the devil in the desert.

vs 25-27 In the past, the *Jews did not believe* the prophets Elijah and Elisha. Likewise, Jesus said that the *Jews of his day would not accept their *Messiah.

vs 28 The idea that *the Gentiles are better than the *Jews made the *Jews in the *synagogue very angry. They wanted to kill Jesus.

vs 29 *The Jews tried to push him down the steep hill. If he didn't die when he fell, they threw stones at him.

Verse 30 Jesus remains calm. He made his way through the angry crowd. He never returned to Nazareth. People out there have a chance.

Jesus in Capernaum 4:31-44

1. The Authority of Jesus 4:31-37

v31Jesus descended from Nazareth to Capernaum, a small town in the Galilee region. He taught the people in the synagogue on *the Sabbath.v32The authority with which Jesus spoke surprised everyone.v33In a *synagogue there was a man possessed by a *demon. *The devil made* him "dirty".v34'leave! ' *the demon yells. "We want nothing to do with you, Jesus of Nazareth. Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are. You are the Holy One of God.v35Be quiet and get out of him! Jesus commanded. *The demon threw the man to the ground in front of them and left him. *The demon didn't hurt him.v36Jesus' words shocked everyone. They said to each other: He has authority and power over evil spirits! come out!v37News of what Jesus had done spread throughout the region.

vs 31 Capernaum is a city on the Sea of ​​Galilee. It is an important trading port. Jesus made it his home. He left there to teach in Galilee.

v. 32 *The scribes teach by citing tradition. They support their arguments against what previous teachers have said. They teach in a confusing way rather than a helpful one. When the *prophets communicated God's message to the people, they used the words "this is what the *Lord said." But Jesus spoke with His own authority. He knew he was the *Messiah.

Verse 33 *A demon is a wicked spirit. It makes the person "*unclean".

The word "we" in verse 34 includes other *demons. They all look forward to the day when they will be punished. The *devil within that man recognized that Jesus was from God. Jesus was "holy," without *sin, and set apart to work for God. "Holy One of God" is the title of the *Messiah. *The devil knows* that the Messiah will destroy the works of the devil (1 John 3:8).

vs. 35 Men tried in various ways to cast out demons. Jesus healed the man only at His command. Luke, a doctor, noticed that the *demon didn't hurt the man.

vs 36 It is acknowledged that Jesus had authority to cast out demons. His words have the power to make them obey.

Jesus taught in a very different way than the *rabbis. They just repeat what the previous teacher said. Jesus spoke directly, with his own authority. He does not depend on the authority of what other people say.

vs 37 The news spread throughout the region of Galilee near Capernaum.

2. The mother of Simon's wife 4:38-39

v38Jesus left the synagogue and went to Simon's house. Simon's mother-in-law had a high fever. They begged Jesus to help her.v39He walked over and stood by her bed. He ordered *fever to leave her. Immediately, she was fine again. She rises to serve them.

Verse 38 Jesus calls Simon Peter a disciple in chapter 5. Simon Peter's house was in Capernaum. Luke, a physician, used a medical term for "high fever."

Jesus again shows his authority in verse 39 when he orders the fever to be brought down. She was ready in no time and could prepare food for everyone.

3. 4:40-41 p.m.

v40After sunset, everyone who was suffering from various diseases was brought to Jesus. He laid his hands on the people and healed them all.v41* Demons also came out of many people, shouting: Thou art the Son of God! But Jesus told them not to speak. They realized that he was the *Messiah.

vs 40 The people stayed at home because it was the *Sabbath day. They cannot lead anyone to Jesus. Wearing any clothing is against the *Jewish* traditions of Shabbat. *Saturday ends at sunset. Thus, friends and relatives were able to bring sick friends to Jesus. They either carry them on a mat or help them walk. There are many different diseases among the patients. This time, Jesus healed by touching people.

vs 41 Jesus didn't want the *demon to reveal who he was. If people believed in supernatural beings, they might try to make Jesus king. Jesus didn't want to start a popular movement against the *Romans. This can cause big problems. Then he can't do his job.

4. Jesus leaves Capernaum 4:42-44

v42When that day came, Jesus left the town. He went to a quiet place alone. But people started looking for him. When they found him, they tried to prevent him from leaving Capernaum.v43But he said to them: 'I must also proclaim* the good news of the Kingdom of God in other cities. This is what God sent me to do.v44As such, he continues to teach in *synagogues across the country.

vs 42 Early Sunday morning Jesus left alone. Mark said he went to pray (Mark 1:35).

Verse 43 "*Kingdom of God" is not a nation. This means that God rules as a king. It is both the present kingdom and the future kingdom. He was there when Jesus came. Everyone who believes in him becomes a part of his absolute kingdom. Still in the future, when God will establish his dominion over the entire world.

Jesus calls the first* disciples 5:1-11

v1People gathered around Jesus because they were so desperate to hear God's message. He stood by the lake of Gennesaret.v2Jesus saw two boats on the shore. The men have been fishing. They had left the boat to wash the nets.v3Jesus got into Simon's boat. Jesus told Simon to put his boat in the water not far from the shore. Jesus sat down and taught the people in the boat.v4When he had finished speaking, Jesus said to Simon, "Put the boat out into deep water." Cast out the net to catch fish. "v5Simon said, "Master, we toiled all night and caught nothing!" But as you told me, I will cast the net into the water.v6When they cast their nets, they caught many fish. The web begins to tear.

v7So they beckoned to their companions in the other boat to help them. They filled both boats with fish and they almost sank.v8When Simon Peter saw it, he knelt down before Jesus. He said: 'Leave me alone, I'm a bad man, sir*'.v9The amount of fish surprised Simon and his companions.v10He also surprised his partners, James and John, the sons of Zebedee. Jesus said to Simon, "Do not be afraid. From now on, you will catch people.v11When they got the boat ashore, they dropped everything and went with him.

Verse 1 Gennesaret is another name for the Sea of ​​Galilee. Luke always called it the lake. It is a very large lake in Galilee, about 13 miles (21 kilometers) long and 7 miles (11 kilometers) wide. The Jordan River flows in from the north and flows out from the south.

vs 3 The crowd flocked to hear Jesus speak. To avoid the crowd, he boarded a boat. Now everyone can see and hear it.

Verse 5 Simon had been fishing on this lake for many years. He knew the best time to fish was at night. I didn't expect Jesus to know. He is just a carpenter (he makes wooden items). Simon protested. But he was willing to do what Jesus said.

vs 7 And with him in the second boat were James and John the sons of Zebedee. Luke does not mention Andrew's name here. But he could have been on board with his brother Simon.

Section 8 Simon Peter always felt that Jesus was holy, but he himself was not holy. Jesus seemed to have powers that no one else had. Simon called Jesus "Lord". This shows that Simon realized that Jesus had the right to tell him what to do.

In verse 10 Jesus told them that they worked to catch fish. Now they have to work hard to get someone for him. They worked hard to kill the fish. Now they have to work hard to give people a healthy spiritual life.

Jesus heals a leper 5:12-16

v12When Jesus was in one of the cities, a man approached him. The man was covered with leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he fell down before Jesus. The man said, "*Lord, you can clean me up if you want."v13Jesus touched it with his hand. "I do," he replied. "Be clean!" * Immediately the leprosy disappeared.v14Jesus told him not to tell anyone what had happened. But go and show yourself to the priest. Then, now that you are healed, offer a *sacrifice to God. Offer what Moses commanded. This will let everyone know that you are healthy. "v15But word of the man traveled farther. Huge crowds came to hear Jesus. They asked him to cure their ailments.v16But Jesus went to the desert to pray.

vs 12 In the Bible the word *leprosy refers to the disease we call *leprosy. But it also includes other types of skin diseases. *Lepers must stay away from other people. They have to shout "I'm not clean!" They warn others not to come near them. Therefore, they cannot be with family or friends. Luke described the man as "covered with *leprosy." It's a medical term for a very serious disease. The man was close enough to Jesus that he fell at his feet. I am not humble. I am desperate. He needs Jesus' help. It's urgent. He believed that Jesus could* heal him. He wasn't sure if Jesus wanted to do that.

vs 13 If Jesus touched a *leper, he would make himself "unclean." But Jesus was unaware of this fact. Instead, he reached out and touched the man.

vs. 14 A priest acts as health officer. If the priest declares that the person is free from disease, then he can return to the crowd. Those who are healthy now will make the necessary medical offerings. The Law describes these issues in Leviticus 14:1-32. At that time, everyone will know that this man is really good. They will accept him back into society. Although Jesus did not keep the *Sabbath tradition, he kept the Law of Moses.

Jesus* heals a man who cannot walk 5:17-26

v17One day, Jesus was teaching, and some Pharisees and Mosaic teachers of the law were sitting there. They came from Galilee and the cities of Judea, and from Jerusalem. God gave Jesus the ability to heal the sick*.v18Some came with a man who couldn't move. They put it on the mat. They tried to bring him into the house and put him in front of Jesus.v19But the crowd is too big. They can't find a way to get in. So they went up to the roof. They lowered him through a hole in the roof into the crowd before Jesus.v20Jesus saw how much *faith they had. So he said to the man, 'My friend, God has *forgiven* your * sins.v21The scribes and Pharisees started arguing among themselves: 'Who is this man Jesus? This Jesus is insulting God! Only God can forgive *sin!v22Jesus knew what they were thinking and said to them, 'Why do you think this way?v23Is it easier to say, "You are free from your *sins," or is it easier to say, "Get up and walk"?v24I will tell you that *the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive* sins. Jesus said to the man who could not walk: 'Get up! Grab the mat and walk home.v25The man immediately stood in front of everyone. He picked up the cushion he'd been lying on. He went home and praised God.v26He amazes everyone and they praise God. "Today we saw beautiful things," they said.

Luke verse 17 does not say where Jesus taught. Mark said it was in Capernaum. Perhaps in Peter's house (Mark 2:1).

*The Pharisees were *strict Jews who obeyed the Law of Moses. They also try to honor all traditions of interpreting the law. Many * Pharisees are proud of what they do. When they glorify God, they are not sincere. They soon began to object to Jesus' words and actions. Law teachers (often called "scribes") are experts. They interpret the *Hebrew* Bible. They specifically teach the Law of Moses in the first five books of the *Old Testament.

Verse 18 Mark says that four men carried the man on a stretcher (Mark 2:3).

Section 19 These houses usually have an external staircase leading to a flat roof. They made a roof out of wood and mud. It's easy for a man to drill a hole in it.

v20 At the time it was believed that everyone who suffered *sinned (John 9:2). Even today, when people are sick, they sometimes say, "What did I do to deserve this?" Some people may suffer because of what they did. But that doesn't explain all disease. What matters is that the person no longer feels guilty, whatever the cause of his illness.

vs 21 *The Pharisees say only God can forgive *sins. They are right. However, they were wrong when they accused Jesus. He did not insult God. Jesus is the *Messiah. He knew he had authority from God.

Verses 22-23 *Sin may or may not have been gone when Jesus said "I forgive you". One cannot prove that it actually happened. But people can certainly see that this person is better. The man couldn't move. But then he stood up and was able to walk. This proves that Jesus has the authority to forgive sins.

Verse 24 Jesus calls himself the *Son of Man. He has used the name for himself several times. This sentence may mean that he is human. This shows that Jesus considered himself to be just like everyone else. But it can also mean "*Messiah" (Daniel 7:13-14). Jesus probably used this name on purpose because it has a double meaning. Many hoped that the *Messiah would fight the *Romans and liberate them. But that's not what Jesus came to do.

(Video) The Holy Bible - Book 42 - Luke - Contemporary English

Jesus calls Leviticus 5:27-32

v27Jesus went out and saw a man collecting *taxes. His name was Levi. He is sitting in his office. Jesus said to him: 'Follow me'.v28Levi stands up. He left everything to follow Jesus.v29Then Levi prepared a big dinner for Jesus in his home. Among the guests were many *tax collectors (people who collect *taxes).v30Some *Pharisees and scribes who belonged to their group complained to Jesus' *disciples. They asked, "Why do you eat and drink with *tax collectors and other *sinners?"v31Jesus answered them: A healthy person does not need a doctor. Only sick people need doctors.v32I'm not here to invite good people to change their way of life. I have come to call you 'sinners'.

vs 27 The *tax collectors are hated because they work for the *Romans. Therefore, people consider them disloyal to their country. They are also very easy to cheat and charge excessive *taxes. People have to pay many *taxes. Levy in his customs shed. He collected taxes from those who went in and out of Capernaum. This is a major trade route. Levi was the same person as Matthew (Matthew 9:9). His name is on the list of the *Apostles (Luke 6:15).

vs. 28 Perhaps Levi gave more than Peter and his fellow workers did. They can return to fishing if necessary. Levy may not be able to return to work as a customs officer.

vs 29-30 If you eat with people, it shows that you approve of their behavior. *Pharisees don't want to mix with *tax collectors and *sinners. "*Sinners" are those who don't obey all the religious rules of *the Pharisees. Usually, that doesn't mean they are very evil people.

vs 31-32 When Jesus said "good people," he was referring to people like the Pharisees. They think they are fine. But their attitude toward God and his laws was not sincere. "*sinners" know they need Jesus to help them. Jesus likened them to a sick man who knew he needed a doctor.

Questions about *Fast 5:33-35

v33Some people told Jesus: "John's *disciples *often* fasted and prayed. *The* Pharisees' *disciples did the same. But your *disciples continued to eat and drink.v34Jesus replied: At a wedding, you cannot make the guests fast while the groom is present.v35But one day people will take the groom. Then they will fast.

Verse 33 *The Pharisees *Fast (not eat) two days a week. * They fast on Monday and Thursday. They're trying to get people to notice what they're doing. So, they look as miserable as possible. They also pray at fixed times during the day. The *Pharisees say that Jesus and his *disciples did not fulfill these *religious duties.

Verse 34 Jesus said that when the bridegroom was with the guests, the guests were overjoyed. Jesus is like the bridegroom. They didn't fast when I was with them.

vs 35 One day people will take Jesus away to kill him. His *disciples would then fast, not *religiously*, but because they were sad. Jesus and his first disciples prayed often. Luke does not record the answers to this part of the Pharisee question.

Old and New 5:36-39

v36Jesus told them this *parable too. "No one mends an old coat with a new cloth. He will destroy both. He will tear the new cloth, and the new cloth does not match the old cloth.

v37No one puts new wine into old wineskins. If you do, the new wine will split the skin. *Wine will be spilled and *skins will no longer be usable.v38Instead, people were to put new wine in new wineskins.v39No one wants *new wine after drinking *old wine. He said the old one was better.

Verses 36-39 Jesus used two examples from everyday life to describe his teaching. His intent is not to "fix" the *Jewish* faith. You are wasting new things. These are like a new cloth. People use goat skins to make wine skins. Skin hardens with age. The new wine is strong, the wineskin is worn out. The new things Jesus taught are as strong as new wine. Some people don't like his teaching. They'll be like a man who said *old wine is better than new wine. Pharisees and others like them refused to accept the joy Jesus could give them. They prefer "old wine" from their own traditions. They asked a question about *fasting. This shows that they are unwilling to change their ways. His demeanor is as tough as an old wineskin. They cannot accept new ideas and the power of the Holy Spirit in their lives. The message of Jesus liberates people from *sin. They can rejoice in obedience to God. However, the message of Jesus would destroy the religion of the *Pharisees. Its rules restrict people's freedom and don't bring them any joy.

How to use *Shabbat 6:1-11

1. *Disciples in the wheat field 6:1-5

v1One *Saturday, Jesus was walking through some fields of wheat. His disciples took some ears of wheat and rubbed them in their hands. Then they ate beans.v2Some of the Pharisees said, 'Why are you doing that? Working on the Sabbath is not permitted by law.v3Jesus replied: Have you read what David did? He and his companions were hungry.v4He entered into the family of God. He took the special bread that only priests could eat. He ate some himself and gave some to his men.v5Then Jesus said, "The *Son of Man is *Lord of the Sabbath."

vs 1 *The disciples did not steal. It was legal for people to pick ears of corn (Deuteronomy 23:25).

vs 2 *The Pharisees accuse the *disciples of working on the *Sabbath day. When they reap the grain, they are reaping. They are raising the valley when they separate the grain from its husk. They have food ready. All of these activities are jobs. *Saturday work is not legal.

Verses 3-4 Jesus reminds the Pharisee how David and his men entered God's sanctuary in the city of Nob. David and his men were hungry. Therefore, they ate the holy bread, which only the priests could eat (1 Samuel 21:1-6). David and his men were hungry and needed something. This is more important than the law of Moses.

"*Son of Man" in verse 5 is Jesus' special title for Himself (see on Luke 5:24). As the Christ (*Messiah), Jesus has the right to decide what should happen on the *Sabbath. He came from the family of King David. David can break the law because people need something. Therefore, Jesus certainly could not ignore *Jewish traditions.

2. The Handless Man 6:6-11

v6Another *Saturday, Jesus went to the synagogue to teach. There was a guy there who couldn't use his stiff right hand.v7The scribes and *Pharisees wanted to accuse Jesus for not keeping the law. So they watched him to see if he would be healed on the Sabbath*.v8But Jesus knew what they were thinking. He said to the man, "Get up and come forward."v9Jesus said to them, 'I ask you, what does the law command us to do on the Sabbath? Can we do good or bad? Should we save life or destroy it?v10Jesus looked around. Then he turned to the man and said, "Stretch out your hand." He did so, and immediately his diseased hand became healthy and useful again.v11The Pharisees were very angry. They discussed with each other what they could do to Jesus.

Verse 7 *Religious leaders allow people to be healed on the *Sabbath* if someone's life is in danger. If there is no danger, they have to wait.

Verse 9 Jesus intends to do good by *healing this man. So the person can go back to work. *The Pharisee wanted Jesus to leave him alone. That's like doing it wrong. Jesus was going to save the man. *The Pharisees are plotting to kill Jesus.

Jesus calls 12 *Acts 6:12-16

v12At that moment, Jesus went up to the mountain to pray. He prayed to God all night.v13When that day came, he called his *disciples to come to him. He chose 12 of them and called them the *Apostles.v14He chose Simon, whom he called Peter, and his brothers Andrew, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,v15-sixteenMatthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas the son of James and Judas Iscariot who later delivered Jesus to his enemies.

vs 12 Jesus knew that more and more people were becoming his enemies. He has to decide how he should proceed with his work. He has many disciples. So he prayed all night about who he should choose. They will be his special helpers.

v. 13 *The nation of Israel grew from Jacob's 12 sons (Genesis 35:10, 23-26). Jesus is starting a new people of God. These 12 people will become the *Apostles, those sent by Jesus. He gave them authority to teach him. The people he chooses are not rich or important, but ordinary people.

vs 14 Simon Peter is always first in the list of the apostles. He and his brother Andres were professional fishermen. So did James and John, the sons of Zebedee. James and John are grumpy. Jesus called them "banerges," which means "sons of thunder." This means they are always ready to speak out in a loud and obnoxious way (Mark 3:17). Philip and Bartholomew knew each other from the town of Bethsaida in Galilee.

Bartholomew may have been the same person as Nathanael (John 12:43-49).

vs. 15 Matthew was a *tax collector. Thomas was a *twin (John 11:16). The other Simon (not Peter) belonged to a group of *Jews who wanted to fight the *Romans and drive them out of their country. So Simon is in the same group as Matthew who worked for *Romans. Most people hate the *Romans. Jesus can unite people who have been enemies.

Verse 16 Judas is the son of Jacob, possibly the same person as Thaddeus in Matthew 10:3 and Mark 3:18. "Iscariot" can mean "people from Keriot", a place in Judea. Thus, Judas Iscariot was the only one of the 12 who was not from Galilee.

Jesus taught 6:17-49

1. The Crowd and the *Disciples 6:17-19

v17Jesus brought the 12 men down from the mountain. He was standing on a flat place, surrounded by a large number of ** disciples. There was also a large group of people from all over Judea and Jerusalem. They also came from the north, from the coastal regions of Tyre and Sidon. They came to listen to him, asking him* to cure them of their ailments.v18Jesus also healed those who were tormented by evil demons.v19Everyone in the crowd was trying to touch Jesus. This is because power came out of him and healed them.

2. *Blessings and Questions 6:20-26

v20Jesus looked at his *disciples and said, "How happy you would be if you had nothing! *God's kingdom is yours.v21How happy you would be if you were hungry now! God will satisfy you completely. If you weep now, how happy are you! You will laugh happily.

v22How happy you are when people hate you! They took you away from their company. They will speak ill of you. All this because you followed the *Son of Man.v23Be happy when these things happen. Be filled with joy, for God has a great reward for you in heaven. The *ancestors of these people treated the *Prophets in the same way.

v24But now you are rich, how miserable! You've had a great time.v25How miserable you must be with everything now! Because you will be hungry. How pitifully you laugh now! Because you will be unhappy, you will cry.v26What a shame it is for you to be praised every time! This is how your *grandparents dealt with false *prophets.

vs 20 The poor have so little in this world. But they can know the secrets of God. *The kingdom of God is theirs! Jesus said *the kingdom is theirs. It's theirs, not just in the future, but here and now. They can know God's government in their lives. He will guide you. He will take care of them.

Verse 21 God* will bless those who are hungry now. They will have a lot to eat. God will provide everything you need. God *blesses those who are grieving right now. They will be able to laugh again. They see that many people and organizations in the world are bad and unfair. They will be ecstatic when they see good triumph over evil.

Jesus spoke of the future in verse 22 when he warned his disciples. But his words have come true. The Pharisees hated Jesus and plotted to kill him. They threw a blind man out of the synagogue. Jesus* healed him so he could see (John 9:20-34).

Verse 23 "his *ancestors" means the *ancestors of the *Pharisees et al. They hate and insult the *Prophet. People will hate and insult *disciples. This is evidence of their loyalty to Jesus.

In verses 21-23, all these *blessings are very different from what the world thinks of happiness.

Then there are the 4 "woes" that are the opposite of the 4 *blessings. "Woe to you!" is an expression of regret that means "how poor you are!" It is also a warning that God's judgment is yet to come.

verse 24 The rich live in comfort. These people only think about what they have. They don't think about what happens after this life. They can enjoy the present, but they have no other future (1 Timothy 6:7).

Verse 25 Some people only think about what they have and enjoy in this world. But they never find real fulfillment. When life ends, they weep (Isaiah 65:13-14).

vs 26 It is wretched for a man to live only to be popular. In *Old Testament times, many people praised the false *prophets. These false* prophets claim their messages are from God, but their messages are not true. They invented them. There will still be *false prophets (2 Peter 2:1).

3. Christian love 6:27-36

v27"But I say to all who will listen: Love your enemies. Be nice to those who hate you.v28Ask God* to bless those who curse you. Pray for those who insult and hurt you.v29If someone hits you on one cheek, let him hit you on the other cheek as well. If someone takes your coat, give them your shirt too.v30To everyone who asks you for something. When someone takes something from you, don't ask for it again.v31Do to others what you want them to do to you. "

v32You can't expect compliments because you love those who love you. Even super sinners love those who love them!v33You shouldn't expect God* to bless you for being kind to those who will be kind to you. Even *sinners do this.v34If you borrow money and expect to get it back, you deserve no respect. Even *sinners lend to *sinners if they wish to receive the same amount.v35But love your enemies and be kind to them. Lend them, but don't expect them to return it to you. Then you will be rewarded greatly. You will be children of God Most High. God is merciful to those who do not thank him. He is kind to mean people.v36Be kind and generous like your father. "

v. 27 *Jews know God's command to love their neighbor (Leviticus 18:18). Their teacher added the words "they hate their enemies". But there are no such words in the Bible. Instead, Jesus said they should love their enemies. He is not asking them to please their enemies. This love is not like their natural affection for their own family. Christian love means that one person acts for the benefit of another. It may be difficult, but God help us. It is not a matter of emotions, but that we must do God's will.

vs 28 If someone hits you, you probably want to hit them back, maybe twice as hard. This is a natural way to behave. Those who follow Jesus must behave differently. You shouldn't do bad things to people who do bad things to you.

Verses 29-30 Jesus is not saying that all Christians should give up everything and become very poor. But Christians must act in love. They should be generous with others, not selfish with their possessions.

Verse 31 Jesus gave the rules for this life. There are many examples of negative attitudes, "Don't do to others what you don't like" (*Tobias 4:15). But Jesus said his followers must be active in doing good. "Do to others what you want them to do to you."

Verse 32 "*sinner" doesn't have to refer to very wicked people. They are those who are less *religious. They do not know the law of God. However, even these people love people who love them.

vs 35 God is merciful to everyone. It doesn't depend on people's attitude toward God or how they behave. He is the Father, and His children must act like Him. The way they behave will show whether they are true children of God.

4. Judgment is the work of God 6:37

v37Don't judge others, and God will not judge you. Don't be harsh on others. Then God will not be harsh on you. Forgive others and God will forgive you.

Verse 37 Jesus does not forbid Christians to have opinions about others. He's saying it's wrong to judge them if you don't know all the facts about their behavior. A person will be generous to others if he remembers how much God* has forgiven him.

5. Generous 6:38

v38‘Give to others and God will give to you. You will receive a full measure, generously poured into your "pocket". You will receive the kind of measure that you give to others.

Section 38 One draws part of the long garment over the belt to form a large pocket. One can fill this pocket with a lot of grain. This graphic shows how generous people can be when they give. God's reward will be richer.

6. *Responsibility of discipleship 6:39-42

v39Jesus told them this *parable. A blind man cannot lead another blind man. Both will fall into the ditch.v40A student is less knowledgeable than his teacher. But when he learns enough, he becomes like his teacher.v41You look at the little dust in your brother's eyes, but you don't notice the big beams in your own eyes!v42You shouldn't be telling your bro, "Brother, let me wipe that speck of dust out of your eye." You *hypocrite! First, move the large beam of light away from your own eyes. Then you will see clearly to remove the dust from your brother's eyes.

v.39 Perhaps this *parable is a warning against following the teachings of the *Pharisees. *Before a disciple can teach others to speak the truth and love, he must do it himself.

vs 40 *The disciples need to be humble in order to learn from their teacher Jesus. Then they can help other people.

The "brothers" in verses 41-42 here do not refer to close relatives. It refers to another member of the Christian family of God's children.

A man cannot see if a large piece of wood sticks out of his eye. You'd be foolish to rub your eyes for your brother. The humorous image of Jesus shows that it is impossible to correct the mistakes of another until one corrects his own. Other people's misbehavior may be very small compared to your own.

The word "*hypocrite" comes from a *Greek word meaning someone is performing. *A hypocrite is a person who pretends to be something he is not.

7. Good and bad fruit 6:43-45

v43A healthy tree does not bear spoiled fruit. An unhealthy tree cannot bear good fruit.v44People recognize what kind of tree it is by its fruit. People don't pick green figs or green grapes from thorny bushes.v45Good people, good things are hidden in the heart. So, he sent good things from his heart. Bad people hide bad things in their hearts. So, he brought the bad stuff. A man's words show what thoughts are in his heart.

vs 43-44 If a tree is healthy, it bears delicious fruit. Prickly shrubs are weeds. They have sharp branches. They produce fruit that people don't want to eat. A person's "fruit" refers to all his words and deeds. They will show what kind of man he is.

vs 45 This is another way of describing good fruit and bad fruit. Paul speaks of a *disciple's wonderful treasures in his heart. "Everything that is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely..." (Philippians 4:8). Jesus talked about lies and other bad things that come out of people's hearts (Mark 7:22). What a person thinks most in his heart will be expressed in his speech. The word "mind" means mind, from which thoughts and feelings arise.

8. Two Houses 6:46-49

v46'If you don't obey me, don't call me '*Lord, *Lord'.v47I'll show you a picture of someone who obeys my word.v48Like a person who decides to build a house. He dug deep, driving the foundation (foundation) of the house into the rock. When the flood came, the river washed away the house. But the water cannot shake the house because its foundation is strong.v49The other listens to what I say but doesn't practice what I say. It's like someone building a house on the ground without a foundation. When the floodwaters rushed to the house, it immediately collapsed. The car accident completely destroyed the house. "

vs 46-49 The wise builder not only listens to the words of Christ, but obeys them. So if the flood comes, that person will have God's help to deal with it. A flood may not be a flood. It could be a sudden ordeal, or it could be a difficult situation in our family. It could be a serious illness or the death of someone we love. It can show up in ways we don't expect.

A fool is someone who does not do what Jesus said. So when a problem suddenly arises, that person's trust in God fails. too weak.

*Faith of an officer 7:1-10

v1When Jesus had finished speaking all this to the crowd, he set out for Capernaum.

v2In that town, a Roman army officer had a servant who loved him very much. The man was very ill and almost died.v3When the officer heard about Jesus, he sent some *Jewish leaders with this message: "Come *heal my servant!"v4Immediately they went to Jesus and urged him to come. This person deserves your help.v5He loves our people and even built a *synagogue* for us.

v6So Jesus went with them. When he was not far from home, the officer would send him off for friends. They gave Jesus a message from the officer: 'Sir, you don't need to come. I don't deserve you in my house.v7It's not easy for me to find you myself. But as long as the order is given, my servant will be all right.v8Because I also obey the highest ranking officer. I have soldiers who obey me. I told a soldier to leave and he left. If I tell another soldier: "Come on," he will come. If I order my servant to do something, he will do it. "v9The official's words surprised Jesus. He turned to the crowd behind him and said, "I tell you, I have never found such a *faith in *Israel."v10When the official's friends returned, they found the servants to be fine.

Verse 2 *The attitude of the Roman officer is unusual. His servants were probably *Jews. But he served his master well. Of course the officer didn't want him dead.

vs 3 When the *Jewish leaders came to Jesus for help, they were sincere.

vs 5 They say that the official loved the *Jews so much that he paid for their *synagogue. "Our" *synagogue probably means that there is only one *synagogue in Capernaum. If so, that is the building in which Jesus already displayed His power (Luke 4:31-37).

vs. 6-7 *The Roman officer was a humble man. He thinks Jesus is more important than him. Also, he didn't want Jesus, who was a *Jew, to become "*unclean." This would happen if Jesus entered a *gentile's house (Acts 10:28).

vs 8 He talks about his experience when he asks Jesus for his command. Officers know what authority means. He has to obey other officers who are higher than him. He himself can give orders to his soldiers and they will obey him. He acknowledged that Jesus had divine authority. If Jesus ordered, the officer's servant would be fine.

vs 9 The faith of the *Roman officer* surprised Jesus. It is stronger than any *Jewish* belief that *Jews are part of God's own people* Israel. Luke need not mention that Jesus actually gave the command. Instead, Luke wanted to emphasize the *belief of the *Roman officer because he was *Gentile.

Son of the Widow of Nain 7:11-17

v11Soon after, Jesus went to the city of Nain. His *disciples and a great crowd were with him.v12When he was approaching the city gate, he met a group of people head-on. They carried a dead man to a grave. The deceased was his mother's only son. She is also a widow. There was a whole bunch of people in town with her.v13* When the Lord saw her, he felt sorry for her very much. He told her, "Don't cry."v14Jesus went to touch the coffin. The man carrying it stopped. Jesus said, "Young man, I tell you, get up!"v15The deceased sat up and began to speak. Jesus gave it to his mother.v16Fear filled them all, and they praised God. They say: A great *prophet is with us! God comes to help His people!v17News of Jesus spread throughout Judea and the region.

vs 12 Nain was a city with a wall around it. Jesus came to the gate of the wall. The widow has no other family members. Her son provided her with income and protected her. I can't do that anymore. His family will not continue. Her husband died. His son also died. She may wonder if God loves her. The large crowd accompanying her expressed sympathy for her son's death.

vs 14 When Jesus touched the coffin, he became "*unclean". No one turned to Jesus for help. Jesus acted because he had a lot of love.

Verse 15 As soon as the young man spoke, everyone knew that he had come alive. Jesus gave the command. This command defeated death once and for all.

vs 16 The crowd recognized that Jesus used the power of God. So they called him "The Great *Prophet". Perhaps they were thinking of Elijah and Elisha. These two *past prophets also raised the dead (1 Kings 17:17-23; 2 Kings 4:17-37).

John the Baptist's Questions and Answers to Jesus 7:18-23

v18When John's disciples told these things to John, he called two of them.v19He sent them to ask Jesus, "Are you the one who is coming, or should we wait for another one?"v20When those people approached Jesus, they said to him: John the Baptist sent us to ask you: Are you the one who is coming? Or should we wait for someone else? '

v21At the same time, Jesus delivered many people from sickness and pain, and delivered them from *the devil. He has restored sight to many blind people.

v22Jesus answered John's messenger and said, 'Go back to John. Tell him what you've seen and heard. The blind can see. People with weak legs can walk. * Leprosy recovered to health. The deaf can hear. The dead came back to life. The poor are hearing good news.v23Happy are those who do not doubt me!

vs. 18 John was imprisoned in the prison at the town of Machalus by the Dead Sea. His *disciples told him what Jesus had done for the servant of a *Roman official and the widow's son.

"The one who is coming" in v.19 means "*Messiah". There may be more than one reason for John's hesitation. You may wonder why Jesus did nothing to release you from prison. Perhaps he was urging Jesus to tell people that he was the *Messiah. I don't know what to believe. He had warned the people of God's judgment. Perhaps he expected Jesus to free his country from the *Romans and punish *sinners. However, Jesus forgave and did kind things.

Verses 21-22 When Jesus *heals the people, this marks *the work of the Messiah. This reminds John of the words of Isaiah 35:5-6; 61:1. Jesus is making these words come true.

Jesus praises John 7:24-30

v24As John's disciples left, Jesus began to speak to the crowd about John. He said: "When you go into the desert, what do you expect to see? Do you expect to see grass blowing in the wind?v25Do you go to the desert to see a man in expensive clothes? You can only find such people and luxuries in palaces.v26Have you gone out to see the *prophet in the desert? Yes, he is indeed a *prophet, and he is more than a *prophet.v27John was the man the *Old Testament spoke of. God said, "I will send my *messenger before you. He will prepare the way for you."v28Jesus said, 'I tell you, John is more important than anyone else. But in the kingdom of God, the least important person is more honored than John.

v29All who heard John's message, including the tax collectors, accepted John's warning. They believed that God's claims were just. They acted out because they came to John. They asked him* to baptize them.v30But *the Pharisees and teachers of the law did not accept what God wanted them to do. They refused to ask John* to baptize them.

Verse 24 Jesus didn't want people to be confused when they heard John's doubts. The crowd didn't go to see a very ordinary person. Nor did they look at the underdog. He is not like grass, the wind blows one way and then another. John doesn't constantly change what he thinks is in line with everyone else's. His character is resolute and his conviction is firm.

verse 25 They didn't go to meet a rich man who lived a comfortable life. John is wearing dirty clothes. He lived a strict life with very simple food (Mark 1:6).

vs 27 *The prophet Malachi wrote about John (Malachi 3:1).

vs. 28 God gave John more honor than anyone else. John announces that the *Messiah has come. However, when Jesus appeared in public, John humbly did his job. He said, "Jesus must be more important, but I must be less important" (John 3:30).

In verse 28 Jesus is not talking about John's character. He didn't compare it to one of his own top followers. John is the link between the *Old Testament era and the *New Testament era. It belongs to the time of preparation for the *Kingdom. Now that Jesus has come, people can enter *the Kingdom of God.

Children at Play 7:31-35

v31Jesus asked: 'I will tell you what kind of person you are.v32You are like children sitting in a market. They yelled at each other: "We played happy music for them at the wedding, but they didn't dance. We sang a sad song for the funeral, and you didn't cry."v33*When John the Baptist came, he neither ate bread nor drank* wine. You say: "It has a *demon inside it".v34When the *Son of Man came, he also ate and drank. You say, "Look at him! He's greedy and drunk. He's a friend of *tax collectors and *sinners."v35All wise men prove that wisdom is right.

In verse 32 Jesus compares the people of his day to children playing at weddings and funerals. One group is arguing with another. One group said the other didn't play the wedding game. So they don't pretend to play the funeral game either.

vs 33-34 Again, people don't want to accept John or Jesus. John the Baptist lived a very strict life. People said he was crazy. Jesus enjoyed normal social situations. People say he loves to eat and drink too much. Plus, he's hanging out with the wrong people. People in Jesus' day were not happy with anyone!

vs 35 *Both John the Baptist and Jesus were doing what they thought was right. All sages know.

The woman in the house of the Pharisee 7:36-50

v36A Pharisee invited Jesus to have dinner with him. Jesus went to the house of the Pharisee and sat down at the table.v37A city woman came in with a bad temper. She heard that Jesus lived with the Pharisees. She brought a small bottle of very expensive oil, very sweet in taste.v38She stands behind Jesus, at his feet. She was crying, tears dripping down her feet. He dried her feet with her hair and kissed her feet. She poured oil on them.v39*The Pharisee saw this and thought, 'If this man is really a *prophet, he will know what kind of woman she is. I wouldn't let a bad guy like her touch him. "v40Jesus said, "Simon, I have something to tell you." He replied, "Master, what is this?"v41"One gave loans to two. One had a huge debt that took a year and a half to earn. The other owed a small sum, one-tenth of what the other owed.v42Neither of them could afford it. So the person who owed them money forgave them both. "

Jesus asked, "Which of these two men will love him more?"v43Simon replied, "I think it's the one who owes the most." "You're right," Jesus said.v44Jesus turned to the woman and said to Simon, "Look at this woman. I came into your house and you did not give me water to wash my feet. But she washed my feet with her tears and dried them with her hair.v45You did not greet me with a kiss. He's been kissing my feet ever since I got here.v46You didn't use normal oil for my scalp. However, she put expensive oils on my feet.v47Her great love for me proves that she knows her many *sins are gone. The person who has not *sin* much for God to forgive, shows very little love.v48Then Jesus said to the woman, "Your *sin is gone."

v49Other guests began to discuss: "Who is this person who forgives sins?"v50But Jesus said to the woman: Your *faith* in me has saved you. Go at ease.

vs 36 Simon's reason for inviting Jesus is unclear. Everyone is talking about Jesus. Simon was probably curious and wanted to meet Jesus. You may have been itching to show people that you hosted a master teacher. He did not display the usual polite behavior in receiving Jesus as a guest.

Section 37 People often come in to see what's going on.

It is likely that the woman had sex with the man for money. You may have seen Jesus before. She may have heard God's message of forgiveness for him.

Section 38 The guests sit sideways on low tables. Their feet are behind them, away from the table. The woman came to express her gratitude to Jesus. Her tears were tears of joy. People disrespect* Jewish women who show their long hair in public. He doesn't care what people think.

v 40 Simon does not welcome Jesus with the usual politeness. But Jesus made a polite request when speaking to Simon.

Verse 43 Simon says "I think". He may suspect that the story involves himself.

Verses 44-46 Hosts often offer water to their guests. They can wash the dirt from the road on your feet. The custom is to welcome guests with a kiss on the cheek. A person used to put the oil on his face and head. This will keep you feeling smooth and cool after a hot day.

Simon had abandoned all these usual ways of welcoming guests. The charming demeanor of the woman is very different from the way Simon received Jesus.

Verse 47 The great love of this woman shows that she is grateful that her many *sins are gone. Simon didn't even realize he needed God to forgive his "few" *sins. Simon's attitude toward Jesus shows this.

Verse 48 Jesus wants the woman to be absolutely sure that God has* forgiven her. Simon's attitude probably made her feel like she was doing something wrong. Jesus also wanted Simon and the other guests to know that she was no longer a "sinner."

In verse 49 Jesus showed that he was more than a "*prophet". He can forgive *sins. Only God has this right.

vs 50 Jesus doesn't care what other people say. He fired the woman "calmly". She can be sure that Jesus has saved her from her past wrong ways of behaving. Her *faith in Jesus* saved her. She loves him because she knows he took all of her *sins.

Women who help Jesus 8:1-3

v1Before long, Jesus traveled through the cities and villages. He brings good news about* the Kingdom of God. 12 * The apostles were with him.v2There were also women with him who he saved from evil *demons and diseases. There was Mary, and her name was Magdalena. Jesus has cast out seven *demons.v3And Joanna, who is Chuza's wife. He was an official of Herod's court. And Suzanne and many other women. They supported Jesus and his *apostles with their money and possessions.

Section 2 Mary comes from the town of Magdala on the west side of the Sea of ​​Galilee. Some writers say she behaved very badly. However, "Seven Devils" may describe a terrible mental illness that caused him great suffering.

Section 3 Chuza was an important official. He was in charge of the finances of Herod Antipas, ruler of Galilee. His wife, Joanna, may have given Luke the information. These women pay for food and other things they need. It is considered a good thing to make offerings to a teacher and his disciples.

*The Parable of the Sower 8:4-8

v4Many people came to Jesus from many peoples, and Jesus told them in parables:v5'A man went out to sow seed. As the seeds disperse, some of them make their way to the road. People walk on the seed, and birds eat it.v6Part of it ended up on the stony ground. Plants start to grow. But they dry out quickly because there is no moisture in the soil.v7Some seeds fell in the weeds. When the tares grow, the wheat dies.v8But some seeds fell on good soil. Plants grow and produce grains. One seed bears a hundred seeds. After telling* this parable, Jesus said: “If you have ears to hear, pay attention to what I say!”

Verse 5 A farmer sows the seed with his own hands. He sowed the seed in his field and plowed it up. The way across the field will be difficult because people are walking on it. When the seed is lying on the ground, birds can eat it.

Verse 6 Rocks and stones on stony ground with a little dirt on them. Such a small amount of soil won't hold water because the hot sun will dry out the water there. The plant will not be able to develop deep roots. He will die soon because he has no water.

vs 7 The tares and the seed of the grain grow together. Weeds have many leaves, so the light cannot reach the seedlings of cereal plants. Weeds fill all the spaces so grain cannot grow.

Jesus explains why he uses *parables 8:9-10

v9*The apostle asked Jesus what his *parable meant.v10He replied, "God made it possible for you to know the secrets of *the Kingdom of God. But others can only obtain the secret truths about the *Kingdom through *parables. These people will see, but they will not see. They will hear, but They won't understand.

Verses 9-10 Jesus compares his *apostles to others. *The truth of the kingdom is secret. One cannot discover their meaning by oneself. God said Jesus is King only to those who are willing to believe in Him. Others who hear the allegory of healing will not understand what it means. Some people refuse to believe in Jesus. The result is that they can't see it, and they can't accept it. * Parables show the truth to those who are sincere and strive to obey God. *Fables hide God's truth from people who hear the story but don't want to obey God.

Jesus explains *Parables 8:11-15

v11Jesus said, "This is what the parable means." 'The seed is the word of God.

v12Those who stand in the way are those who obey. But the devil came and wiped the word of God from their minds. The devil does this to make people disbelieve or find their way back to God.v13Those on the rock are those who hear the word of God and receive it with joy, but believe it only temporarily. When problems come, they lose their health confidence.v14The seed that falls in the weeds is the one who listens. But they worry. They have money and want to enjoy this life. This leaves room for *belief*. His healthy faith will never yield the fruits of good deeds.v15The seeds in good soil are those who hear and remember God's Word. They are sincere and obey God. Instead of giving up, they continue to bear the "fruit" of a good life.

Section 13 Problems can be family problems, illness, temptations to do evil or insult. These people's spiritual beliefs are not very deep, and they will die soon, like plants in the hot sun.

vs 14 Some people have many responsibilities in life. People want wealth. They want to be fulfilled in this life. All of these things slowly throw off a life of *faith. Some of these things may not be wrong in themselves. But they take a long time and people think about them. They have no place for God.

This healing parable invites people to contemplate their own "soil". That is, the way they heard the Word of God. *The parables also encourage* the apostles to preach the message of Jesus. He who listens will be like the man in the *parable. Some people won't be interested. Other people's healthy beliefs don't last. But there will be many others who will understand the message. They will receive it. These people act on what they hear. Their lives will bring harvest to God.

The lamp under the bowl 8:16-18

v16"If someone lights a lamp, they don't cover it with a bowl and put it under the bed. He puts the lamp where people can see it when the light comes in.v17If you hide something, someone will find it. If you have a secret, someone will find out.v18So pay attention to how you listen. Whoever has something gets more. A man who has nothing loses what he thought he had.

vs 16 Followers of Jesus must show that they have *faith. They can then give "light" to others. "Light" means they know God's love.

vs 17 One day all the secrets will be revealed. People can try to hide their actions, words and thoughts, but they will not be successful. God will reveal everything on Judgment Day.

In verse 18 Jesus used this parable to warn the people. They must give their undivided attention to the word of God.

"He who has has more." If we use our knowledge of God, He will give us more and more of it. Those who do not keep the word of God will lose what little knowledge they have.

Jesus' family visits him 8:19-21

This incident emphasizes that people must "smell and act". According to the * parable of the sower, it is in place.

v19Jesus' mother and brothers came to see him. But they were unable to enter the house where he was teaching because of the crowd.v20Someone said to Jesus, "Your mother and your brothers are outside, and they want to see you."v21Jesus said, "My mother and my brothers were the ones who heard God's message and kept it."

Verse 19 Jesus had four brothers and several sisters (Mark 6:3). Tradition in the Roman Catholic Church (worldwide) is that they were either Joseph's children from a previous marriage, or Jesus' cousins. Other Christians believe these siblings were the children of Joseph and Mary. Luke describes Jesus as the firstborn of Mary (Luke 2:7). These words indicate that Mary and Joseph had other children in their normal marriage relationship.

His mother and brothers probably came to rescue Jesus and bring him home. They are worried. They heard news of the crowds and those who opposed Jesus. They even wondered if he was crazy (Mark 3:21). Lucas doesn't mention Jose, so he's probably dead.

Verse 21 Jesus never said that natural family relationships are unimportant. He cared for his mother even when she was on the cross (John 19:27). He blames the *Pharisees who want to escape parental care (Mark 7:9-13). But Jesus here emphasizes the importance of the Christian family and his own work. Those who heed his message are part of his spiritual family.

The Storm on the Lake 8:22-25

v22One day Jesus and his *apostles got into a boat. He told them: "Let's go to the other side of the lake."v23They left. On the way, Jesus fell asleep. A violent storm swept across the lake. There was a lot of water in the boat. They are in danger because it may sink.v24They woke up Jesus and shouted: Teacher, teacher, we are drowning! Jesus woke up. He ordered the storm to stop. The wind and the waves obeyed him. Everything calms down.v25Jesus said to them, "Where is your *faith?" They were terrified and dumbstruck. They asked each other: 'Who is this man? He commands wind and water, and they obey him!

vs 23 Jesus' work made him very weary. Crowds always need him to help them. He fell asleep from exhaustion. He didn't notice the storm until the disciples woke him up. Jesus was a real man who needed sleep.

Verse 24 The lake is below sea level and surrounded by mountains. Due to the shape of these hills, the wind can cause sudden strong storms on the lake. This lake can become very dangerous. The people on board are used to this. But this time, they were afraid of death.

Verse 25 of Psalm 89:8-9 says that God calmed the stormy sea. If the *apostles knew this Psalm, it would answer your question. Jesus demonstrated his authority over nature in the same way God created the world.

Writers often use this event to show that Jesus can calm life's "storms." For example, it could be a sudden test or question. We must remember that Jesus is always with us. This keeps us calm.

Crazy Man 8:26-39

v26Then they came to the area of ​​Gracea on the other side of the lake in the area of ​​Galilee.v27As Jesus got out of the boat, a man from the city came to meet him. A powerful *demon took control of the man. The man hasn't worn clothes for a long time. He does not live in a house, but among the tombs.v28When he saw Jesus, he screamed. He fell down in front of Jesus and shouted: Jesus, Son of the Most High God, why are you bothering me? I beg you, don't make me suffer.v29(Because Jesus commanded the *demon to come out of that person. *The devil often took full control of the person. People tried to control the person. They bound him hand and foot with chains. However, he was so strong that he broke the chains. Then * The devil will send him to lonely places.)v30Jesus asked him, "What is your name?" The man replied, "Legion," because many demons had entered his body.

v31*The devil kept asking Jesus not to send them to the place of punishment

v32There are many pigs grazing on the mountain. *The devil asks Jesus to let them go into the herd of pigs. So he allowed it.v33Then *the demon left the man and entered the herd of pigs. The pigs rushed down the steep bank, into the lake and drowned.

v34The man who had been tending the pig escaped. They told the townspeople and the country people what had happened.v35So people came out to see for themselves. They found the man the *demon left off. He sat at the feet of Jesus. The man is now clothed and back to normal.v36People who witnessed the incident described how the man recovered.v37Then all the people asked Jesus to leave. They are very scared. So Jesus got into the boat and returned to Capernaum.v38The man the demon left wanted to go with Jesus. But Jesus refused.v39Jesus told the man to go home and proclaim how much God had done for him. The man leaves. He told everyone in town how much Jesus had done for him.

vs. 26 The city of Grazza is south of the Sea of ​​Galilee and east of the Jordan. People who live there speak *Greek. So Jesus was among the Gentiles.

Verse 27 It is believed that the *tombs are where the *demons dwell. Mark tells us that the man would hurt himself with a sharp stone (Mark 5:5).

vs 28 *The demons were afraid that Jesus would send them to the place of punishment.

Verse 30 Jesus' question: "What's your name?" Calms the man down. The man's answer: "Legion", meaning that many *demons entered his body. The legions were part of the *Roman army, with approximately 6,000 soldiers. *Roman soldiers may have terrified people in the past. This can seriously mess with your mind.

vs 31 On the Day of Judgment God will send the wicked *demons to the land of punishment. They knew that Jesus would be their judge. They don't want to be punished anymore.

Verses 32-33 *The Jews do not keep pigs because they are "the most unclean" animals. They are a fitting home for "dirty" *demons. There are 2,000 pigs (Mark 5:13). The owners blamed Jesus and said he stole their income. But a healthy mind is more important than money. The pig's death would convince the man that he was perfectly fine.

vs 35 The man sits at Jesus' feet, eager to learn from Jesus.

Section 37 It did not occur to the people that this man's dangerous behavior had disappeared. Or he is no longer a nuisance. People saw that Jesus was powerful. They don't want Jesus disrupting their lives.

Verse 39 Jesus told the man to go and tell the people that he was well. Jesus didn't do that in the past. But he was in the land of the Gentiles. The people there asked Jesus to leave. But this person can tell them what God is doing through Jesus. Tell others what has happened to him, and that person's faith will be strengthened.

Jairus' daughter (Part 1) 8:40-42 (story continues at 8:49-56)

v40When Jesus returned to the other side of the lake, the crowd greeted him. They are waiting.v41Then a man came. His name was Jairus. He was the official of the *local synagogue. He knelt at Jesus' feet and asked him to come to his house.v42Their only daughter, about 12 years old, was dying. People surrounded Jesus as he walked.

vs. 41 Jairus was in charge of all that happened in the *synagogue. He will be an important person. He will know that Jesus* healed the people in Capernaum. He also knew that many *Jewish leaders opposed Jesus. So when he approached Jesus openly, he had courage. He was also humble because he knelt at the feet of Jesus. He had the confidence to invite Jesus into his home.

The Bleeding Woman 8:43-48

v43Among the crowd around Jesus is a woman. He had been bleeding profusely for 12 years. She couldn't find anyone to treat her illness.

v44She entered the crowd behind Jesus and touched the hem of his garment. Immediately, the bleeding stopped.v45Jesus asked, "Who touched me?" They all denied having done so. Peter said, "Master, many people surround you and touch you."v46But Jesus said, "Someone touched me in a special way. I know it left me with some strength.v47A woman sees her healing that she cannot hide. Then she came, trembling with fear, and knelt down before Jesus. There, in front of everyone, he told her why he touched him. She said she received immediate medical attention.v48Jesus said to her, "Daughter, you have been healed by trusting in Me. Go in peace.

vs 43 Because of her disease, the woman became "unclean" (Leviticus 15:19-30). People will avoid her. He cannot attend *synagogue* worship. Mark 5:26 says she suffered from many doctors. She spent all her money paying for them. Instead of getting better, it got worse. (Luke, being a doctor, left out these details!)

The hem of Jesus' tunic in verse 44 has four *tassels*. The Jews asked them to remind them of God's law (Numbers 15:38-40).

vs 46 After the woman was healed, Jesus lost some of his strength. He knew she touched him in a different way. He insisted that he wanted to know who touched it. This is for the benefit of those healed by his power. If a woman walks away without saying anything, she may feel guilty. He took a risk. She made Jesus "unclean" by her secret touch. She may not believe that she is completely cured of her illness. People may not believe it. Then he will not be popular in society.

In verse 48 Jesus used an affectionate term when he called her "daughter." She proclaims that her healing faith has healed her. He didn't want her to think there was some sort of magic in the hem of his dress.

Daughter of Jairus (Part 2) verses 49-56 (continued from 8:42)

v49While Jesus was still speaking, a man came out of the officer's house. "Your daughter is dead," he told Jairo. "Don't bother the teacher any more."v50When Jesus heard this, he said to Jairus, 'Don't be afraid. Trust me, she will be fine.v51When he got to the house, he let only Peter, James, John, and the girl's parents follow him.v52Everyone there was crying and sobbing as usual. Jesus said, 'Don't cry. The child is not dead. She just fell asleep.v53They all laughed at him. They knew she was dead.v54Jesus took her by the hand and said, "Little girl, get up!"

v55His life came back, and he got up immediately. Jesus told his parents to give him something to eat.v56This event took them by surprise. But Jesus told them not to tell anyone what had happened.

vs 51 This is the first time Jesus gave Peter, James, and John a special place in their ministry. He fired everyone who wanted to worry or scare the girl.

Verse 52 Jesus speaks of death as "sleep" (John 11:11-13). *This is how the New Testament describes Christian death (1 Corinthians 15:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-14). This is true even if the person dies in pain (Acts 7:60).

Verse 54 Jesus calls the girl just as her mother wakes her up in the morning.

In verse 55 Jesus gave a practical command. Girls need something to eat. These foods will help her strengthen her body after she gets sick. Her parents needed to do something to get life back to normal.

Section 56 His command not to tell anyone means they should give their full attention to their daughter. This also protects her from too much attention and crowds gathering around the house.

Jesus sent 12 *Apostles 9:1-10

v1Jesus called the 12 * Apostles. He gave them strength and authority to subdue all *demons and diseases.v2He then sent them to proclaim *the good news of the Kingdom of God to the people and *heal the sick.v3He said to them: 'Don't take anything with you on the journey. No sticks, no bags, no food, no money. They didn't even bring a spare coat.v4Stay in the same house as the guest until you leave that town.v5Wherever someone doesn't welcome you, get out of that city. Shake the dust off their feet and warn them of God's punishment. "v6*The apostles leave and go through all the towns. They proclaimed the good news, and* healed people everywhere.

v7Herod, the ruler of Galilee, knew everything that happened. The reports puzzled him. Some say John the Baptist is resurrected.v8Others say Elijah Apparated. Others say that one of the *prophets from long ago has risen from the dead.

v9Herod said: I killed John. I hear things like this, who is this guy? He has always wanted to meet Jesus.

v10When they returned, *the apostles told Jesus everything they had done. He took them to the city of Bayside so that they could be together in peace.

vs 1-2 Those who opposed Jesus made his situation more difficult. He knew his time in Galilee would soon be over. 12 * The apostles would make their message more widely known.

Section 3 They don't bring anything that will slow them down. These instructions also test them. They must trust God to provide for all. Jesus was preparing them for their future work.

Verse 4 They must live in the same house to which they were invited. They should not move to another place because they prefer that place.

vs 5 The *apostles should not waste their time with the *Jews who do not welcome them. They should shake the dust off that spot on their feet. This shows that they are no longer responsible to the people of that town. His chance to hear the good news about Jesus is over. Those *Jews are no better than *Gentiles. (The *Jews always shake the dust off their feet when they return from *gentile territory.) This act warns them to expect God to punish them. Since they are *Jews, they should welcome the promises of God and his *angels.

Verses 7-9 Herod Antipas recalls that he ordered the execution of John the Baptist at the request of Herodias (Mark 6:14-28). Herod felt guilty about this and was confused by the popular perception of Jesus. He wanted to know who Jesus was. Later he had the opportunity to meet Jesus. It was then that Pilate sent Jesus to Herod (Luke 23:6-12).

Verse 10 Bethsaida is on the northeast shore of the Sea of ​​Galilee. It was outside Herod's territory. Jesus took the 12* apostles there alone with them. He wants to learn more about their work, wants to rest with them.

Jesus feeds the 5,000 9:11-17

v11When everyone knew about it, they followed him. He received them, and spoke to them *of the kingdom of God. He healed them.

v12At the end of the afternoon, the 12* apostles approached Jesus. They said, 'Let the people disperse and let them go to the villages and fields here. There they can find food and a place to sleep overnight. Because there is nothing in this lonely place.v13But Jesus said: “Give them something to eat.” * The apostles protested: ‘We have only five loaves and two fish. You want us to go buy food for all these people?v14(There were about 5,000 people there.) Jesus told His *Apostles to have people sit down in groups of about 50.v15They did so and made them all sit down.v16Jesus took five loaves and two fish. He looked at the sky and thanked God for them. Then he distributed bread and fish to the *apostles to the crowd.v17They are all enough. *The apostles collected 12 baskets and filled them with leftover scraps.

vs. 10-17 *A miracle happens. Everyone is full, and there are 12 baskets of food left.

At the time, there was a prevailing view of the *Messiian period. It was thought that this would include a good meal (Revelation 19:7). *Jews believe* that the Messiah will feed them with special food from heaven. God fed *Israel in the desert in this way (Exodus 16). John 6:15 says that the *miracle of the bread and fish convinced the crowd that Jesus was the *Messiah. So, they tried to make him king.

Christians see medical miracles as evidence that Christ feeds their healthy spiritual lives. No one who came to him was empty. *Miracle also reminds us of the *Lord's Supper (Holy Communion), in which Christians receive *spiritual food.

vs 11 Although he wanted to be alone with the 12 *apostles, Jesus still welcomed people.

Verse 13 Philip calculated that to give everyone a little food would require more than 200 days' wages (John 6:7).

Verse 14 Jesus commands the people to sit down in groups. This made it easier for the *Apostles to distribute food.

vs. 16-17 *The Jews always thanked God for their food at the beginning of a meal.

This event is so important that it appears in all four *Gospels.

Peter declares Jesus to be the *Christ 9:18-22

v18One day, while Jesus was praying alone, *the apostles came forward. "Who do people say I am?" he asked them.v19They answered, 'Some say you are John the Baptist. Others say you are Elijah. It is also said that an "ancient prophet has risen".v20Jesus said to them, 'What about you? Who do you say I am? Peter replied: You are the *Messiah sent by God.v21Jesus then sternly commanded them not to tell anyone.v22He said to them again: '*The Son of Man must suffer many things. *The elders, chief priests and scribes all rejected it. People will kill him. But after three days God brought him back to life. "

Matthew 16:13:18 says that this happened near Caesarea Philippi.

Verse 19 God promised Elijah would return before the *Messiah (Malachi 4:5).

vs 21 If the *apostles preached that Jesus was the *Messiah, the people would misunderstand. They believed that the *Messiah would be a political leader. They expected him to liberate their country from *Roman rule. Peter and the other *apostles also needed to know what kind of *Messiah he was.

vs 22 In Daniel 7:13-14, "*Son of Man" is a title of honor and power. Jesus here uses this title to refer to himself. He said he "had to" suffer. He wanted to say that everything that happened to him was part of God's plan for him.

It was the *Jewish leaders of this nation who rejected Jesus' statement. Jesus died and rose from the dead. This is God's plan for him.

Taking up the Cross 9:23-27

v23Jesus said to them all: If anyone wants to come with me, let him forget himself. You must take up your cross daily and follow me.v24For whoever tries to keep his life loses it. But whoever dies for my sake will be saved.v25A man gains the whole world and loses his true life for nothing.v26Some people may be ashamed of me and my words. If so, *the Son of Man will be ashamed of them. This will happen when he returns to earth in his *glory and *glory of the father and holy *angels.v27I am telling the truth. Here are some who will see *the Kingdom of God before they die.

Verse 23 "take up his cross" means that someone is going to die. When a *Roman wanted to kill a person by *crucifixion, he had to wear the central beam of the cross. People who listen to Jesus will see it often. Those who would follow Christ must put to death their own lusts. They must be loyal to him, no matter the cost. The Christian life is a life of continuous discipline.

vs 24 A man who tries to earn everything for himself in this life will lose his eternal wealth. Some people refuse to satisfy their desires because Christ is the most important thing in their lives. They will live with him.

Section 25 "The whole world" signifies property, things and power that people have. All these things are worthless if someone wins them and ruins his *soul.

Verse 26 Jesus is talking about the coming of his future *kingdom* glory. On that day, he will not accept anyone who is not true to him and his message on earth. They are not his disciples

vs 27 Some of those present will live till they see *the Kingdom of God. They'll see *Christ's Resurrection and *Ascension, and they'll see the Holy Spirit come on *Pentecost. They will see the good news of Jesus spread throughout the world. They will see thousands accepting Jesus' request.

These two verses (26 and 27) describe both the future *Kingdom and the *Kingdom now existing and developing on earth.

*Transfiguration 9:28-36

v28About a week later, Jesus took Peter, John, and James. He went up the mountain to pray.v29As he prayed, his countenance changed. His clothes were almost too shiny to look at.v30Two people are talking to him. They are Moses and Elijah.v31They appeared in brilliant heavenly light. They talk to Jesus about his death in Jerusalem, which will accomplish God's purpose.v32Peter and his men all fell asleep. But they woke up. They saw Jesus in all his glory and the two men standing with him.v33When those people were leaving Jesus, Peter said to him, "Master, it is good that we are here. We will build three places of refuge, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." He I don't know what I'm talking about.

v34While he was still talking, a cloud appeared and hid them all.

v35A voice came from the cloud saying, 'This is my son, my chosen one. listen to him! '

v36When the voice had finished speaking, they saw Jesus alone. *The apostle silenced all this. At that time, they did not tell anyone what they saw or heard.

Verse 28 Lucas does not name the mountain. It may be Mount Hermon, near Caesarea Philippi. This is where Peter says Jesus is the *Messiah. However, if Jesus returns to Galilee within a week, it may be Mount *Tabbor.

Matthew 17:2:29 says that the face of Jesus shone like the sun. Peter, James and John were able to see Jesus in His *glory for a short time.

Verse 30 Moses, through whom God gave the law, and Elijah, the great *prophet, were there. This shows that Jesus is more important. He explained the meaning of the law and made the messages of the *prophets come true. Seeing Moses and Elijah would strengthen Peter, James, and John's belief that God's servants rise after death.

vs 31 The *Greek word Luke uses to describe the death of Jesus is "Exodus". Through his death on the cross, Jesus saved mankind from *sin. Moses rescued the Israelites when they were slaves in Egypt. That event was "Exodus." Jesus' death in Jerusalem would accomplish the purpose for which God had sent him.

Verse 33 Peter said it was good that the three *apostles were there. He offered to do three temporary shelters, which shows that he did not understand the situation.

The cloud in verse 34 shows that God is there (Exodus 24:15-16).

These words in v.35 are similar to what God said at the baptism of Jesus* (Luke 3:22). They showed that his decision to go to Jerusalem was correct. This event will help the *Apostles to deepen their belief that Jesus is the *Messiah. It will also help them accept the fact that he must suffer.

vs 36 Many years later, Peter wrote about this experience in his second letter (2 Peter 1:16-18).

Jesus* heals a child 9:37-42

v37The next day Jesus and the three *Apostles came down from the mountain. A large crowd met Jesus.v38Someone in the crowd said to Jesus, "Teacher, have mercy on my son! He is my only son!v39A*demon often attacks him and makes him scream. He shakes it until bubbles come out of his mouth. * Demons hurt him all the time and almost never let him go.v40I asked your *disciples to bring him out of it, but they couldn't.

v41Jesus replied, "You don't* have faith! You don't want to believe! How long should I stay with you? How long shall I endure you?" Then he said to the man: Bring me your son.v42As the boy approached, the *demon knocked him to the ground, sending him into violent *convulsions. But Jesus gave a command to the *demon,* and he healed the child. Then he returned the child to the father.

The verse 37 crowd may include the other 9 *Apostles. Mark says that some *rabbis* were arguing with the *apostles (Mark 9:14). It's a mess.

Luke identifies this child as "the only begotten" in verse 38. So it was with the widow of Nain (Luke 7:12). Jairus' daughter was also his only daughter (Luke 8:42).

Verse 39 Lucas is a doctor, but he still says it was caused by the devil*.

vs 40 When Jesus sent the apostles, *the apostles were given authority and power over *the demons (Luke 9:1). But here they fail. Mark 9:28-29 says they asked Jesus why they failed. He told them that difficult situations like this call for prayer.

vs 41 When Jesus complains about lack of *faith, he includes both the crowd and the *apostles.

Verse 42 Jesus again *heals a man possessed by a *demon, just as he did in Capernaum (Luke 4:31-37). He returned the child to his father, as she had returned the widow's son to her (Luke 7,15).

Jesus speaks again of his death 9:43-45

v43The great power of God amazed all the people. The crowd is still curious about what Jesus did. At the same time, he spoke to his *apostles.v44"Pay close attention to what I tell you. Someone will deliver the *Son of Man to man.v45But the *apostle did not understand what he meant. Something blocks their understanding. They dared not ask him these words.

In verse 44 Jesus had previously spoken of what would happen to him (see 9:22). This is the second time.

Jesus' words in verse 45 confuse the *apostles. They still have wrong ideas about the *Messiah. It must have been hard for them to think that their *Messiah would die.

*Apostles discuss among themselves 9:46-48

v46*The apostles start arguing about which of them is the most important.

v47Jesus knew what they were arguing about. So, he took a little boy with him.v48He told them: "Whoever welcomes this child in my name welcomes me. He also welcomes God who sent me. The humblest of you is the greatest."

vs 46 The other *apostles may have been jealous of Peter, James, and John. Jesus took only those three *apostles when he went up the mountain at that particular moment (9:28-36).

Section 48 The reception of small children is an example of service to those who do not have positions of importance. Jesus meant that anyone who would serve Him in any humble way was "great." He didn't use the word "greatest", which means "most important". People who serve Jesus should not be compared to each other.

*The apostles reject another group of people who follow Jesus 9:49-50

v49Juan replied, "Master, we saw someone sending a *demon in your name. We told him to stop because he is not part of our team.v50"Don't try to stop him," Jesus said to John and the other *apostles. "The person who is not against you is the person who supports you."

vs 49 Perhaps *the apostle was jealous of this man's success. They themselves failed to heal the child of the *evil.

Jesus' answer in verse 50 shows that in the war against evil, people will be on one side or the other. They were friends or enemies of Jesus. The person who sent the *demon was not a member of his particular group. But he was a friend of Jesus. People who are loyal to Jesus try to please him. Therefore, you should show love to others.

Luke concludes his account of Jesus' work in Galilee by putting together 4 events (9:37-50):

They are examples of *Apostolic lack of faith (v. 40-41), lack of compassion (v. 45), *pride (v. 46) and non-acceptance of others (v. 49). They still have a lot to learn.

*This long section of Luke's Gospel (9:51-19:28) tells of Jesus teaching those who followed him. Luke puts this part in the story of Jesus' slow journey to Jerusalem. Luke often reminded his readers of what would happen to Jesus in Jerusalem.

A *Samaritan village rejects Jesus 9:51-56

v51As the time for Jesus' ascension approached, he expressed his determination to set off for Jerusalem.v52Jesus sent *messengers before him to a village in *Samaria. They had to prepare a place where he could live.v53But the people there did not allow him to visit them. They knew he was on his way to Jerusalem.v54When his *apostles, James and John, heard about it, they said, "*Lord, shall we not ask God to send down fire from heaven to destroy this village?"v55Jesus turned around and disagreed with what they said.v56Then Jesus and his *apostles went to another village.

Verse 51 "ascension time" refers to the *crucifixion, *resurrection and *ascension of Jesus.

Verse 52 Jesus chose the route from Galilee to Jerusalem. He is passing through *Samaria. Many *Jews avoid this route. *Jews and *Samaritans have long hated each other. *Samaritans pray to the same God as *Jews. But they married someone who wasn't *Jewish. They only use the first five books of the *Old Testament. They built their own sanctuary on Mount *Gerizim. *Jews would use the word '*Samaritan" as an insult (John 8:48).

vs. 53 Jesus is going to Jerusalem, *where the Jewish Temple is located. So *Samaritans do not welcome him.

Verse 54 Both James and John were short-tempered. They want to destroy this town. They recall how *the prophet Elijah asked God to send fire from heaven (2 Kings 1:9-12). They knew Jesus had the power to do this.

vs 55 Jesus did not come to destroy human life. He came to save them from evil.

The Cost of Being a *Disciple 9:57-62

v57As they were walking, a man said to Jesus, "Wherever you go, I will follow you."v58Jesus replied: Foxes have holes, and birds have nests. But "the Son of Man is homeless."

vs 57-58 The man desires to follow Jesus. But he didn't think about what kind of life his disciples would lead. It's not easy. Insecure.

v59Jesus said to the other man, "Follow me." But the man said, "*Lord, let me go back first and bury my father."v60Jesus replied: Let the dead bury their dead. To proclaim the message about the "Kingdom of God".

vs 59 The man probably wanted to wait rather than follow Jesus right away. He didn't ask to go to his father's funeral as if his father had just died. He wants to stay at home until his father dies.

Verse 60 Jesus says that when he calls people to follow him, they should not delay. People without a *spiritual life can bury their dead. Jesus' *kingdom work is urgent.

v61Another said: I will follow you, *Lord. But first let me go and say goodbye to my family.v62Jesus replied, "He who begins to plow must look forward. If you keep looking back, you are doing no good to the 'Kingdom of God'.

Poem Sixty-two When farming, one should look ahead. The plow will then travel in a straight line. Jesus meant that people who look back on their past lives are not ready to be *disciples. It is like a man plowing a field without concentrating on his work.

Jesus was honest about the cost of being a *disciple. He didn't try to hide the difficulty. One has to make immediate decisions and be completely loyal. Jesus' work was urgent. People must spread the good news about Jesus. This is more important than another good job or responsibility. This can even include taking care of the family if God requires it. (But see Matthew 15:3-6; Mark 7:9-13).

Jesus sends more *disciples 10:1-12

v1After that, the Lord *selected another 72* disciples and sent them out in twos. He told them to go ahead of him. He bade them go to all the towns he himself had visited.

v2Jesus told them, "There is a great harvest, but few workers to harvest it. Pray to the Lord who owns the harvest, that He will send more workers to harvest His harvest."

Verse 1 Luke realizes that the number 72 has great significance for the future Christian church. He will know that the *Greek translation of Genesis 10 lists 72 nations in Noah's day. 72 *Disciples will assist Jesus' present work among the *Jews. The time will come when all nations will receive the good news about Jesus (Matthew 28:19). This includes *Jews and *Gentiles.

Jesus sent the 72* disciples in pairs for two reasons. Two* disciples will help and encourage each other. Moreover, the two witnesses together testified that the good news they brought about Jesus was true (Deuteronomy 19:15).

vs 2 There are many *Jews who are ready to hear the good news. They are waiting to enter the kingdom of health. They are like crops waiting to be harvested by the workers.

* Few disciples. They should pray to God to send more workers. They will lead people into *the Kingdom of God.

v3"I send you like a lamb (violent animal) among wolves.v4You should not carry purses, bags or extra shoes. Don't delay greeting anyone on the road.v5Before entering a home, say, "God* keep this home safe."v6If peace loving people live there, your prayers for peace will *bless them. If not, your prayers will come back to you.v7Live in the same house, eat and drink what they give you. Because workers deserve their pay. Don't move from one house to another.v8When the townspeople welcome you, be content with the food they give you.v9*heals the sick and tells the people of that town: "* the kingdom of God is near to you!"'

Section 3 Their task is dangerous because they will find the enemy. They are like weak animals among fierce animals.

vs 4 They went with only what they had at the time. They must trust God to provide for them. Nothing should delay your urgent work. Jesus commanded them not to greet anyone. It sounds like they're not being polite. But back then, the *Jewish greeting took ages!

Verse 6 "Peace be upon you" is the *standard Jewish greeting. It means: "May you be well." * Disciples should not leave blessings to those who do not want to receive them.

vs 7 * Disciples deserve to be invited because they are trying to get the good news to the people. But they shouldn't be looking for a better place to live in many different houses.

vs 8 They were to eat whatever food was given them. They should not worry about whether the food adheres to strict rules about what is "clean" or "unclean" (1 Corinthians 10:27).

(Video) Gospel of Luke Summary: A Complete Animated Overview (Part 1)

v10But when a town doesn't welcome you, take to the streets. tell peoplev11"We're even clearing the dust of your cities that's stuck to our feet. But remember, the kingdom of *God is near you!"v12You can be sure that God will punish Sodom less than the city on the day of judgment!

Verses 10-11 The public wiping of the dust from their feet shows that *the disciples did their duty. The townspeople can only blame themselves for their fate. They have the opportunity to become members of the *Nation.

vs 12 The people of Sodom were so wicked that God destroyed their city (Genesis 13:13; 19:24-25). People who reject the gospel of Jesus are more sinful than the people of Sodom. They must expect harsher punishments.

Warning to the cities of Galilee 10:13-16

v13How dreadful this will be for you, Chorazin! Bethsaida, how dreadful this will be for you! I have wrought * miracles in your cities. Had he wrought *wonders in Tire and Sidon, the people would have turned away from their *iniquities long ago. They will sit down, clothed in sackcloth, with their heads tied.v14In the day of judgment God will show more* mercy to Tyre and Sidon than to you.v15Capernaum! Maybe you want to be the most important city! God will destroy you.v16Jesus said to his *disciples: Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever disobeys you is disobeying me. Those who reject me also reject God's message. "

Section 13-14 Tire and Sidon are two important trading ports. God judged them for their selfish pride* and cruelty (Ezekiel 27-28).

Jesus said that if they had seen his mighty work, they would have changed their behavior long ago.

"Sack" and "ash" are common ways people say they are sorry for their crimes. The cities of Galilee had seen the *miracles* of Jesus, but they still refused to accept his teachings. Therefore, God's judgment on them was severe. The name "crazy" does not appear in the record of Jesus' work in Galilee, but in Matthew 11:21.

vs 15 The people of Capernaum are very proud. They say their city "reaches to the sky". Isaiah 14:13 uses the same words to describe the proud king of Babylon. Capernaum expects fame. Instead, he descends to Hades, the world of the dead. Jesus performed many* miracles in Capernaum. But people let him down. They did not accept what he taught. Jesus' words about his destiny were fulfilled because Capernaum was a city in ruins.

vs 16 *The disciples work with the authority of Jesus. Many believed the teachings of the *disciples. This shows that these people also believed that God sent Jesus. Therefore, anyone who rejects Jesus rejects God's message.

72 *The disciples return 10:17-20

v17Seventy-two disciples returned full of joy. They said, 'Lord, even the devil listened to us. In your authority, we order them to get out of the people!

v18Jesus answered them: I saw *Satan fall from heaven like lightning.v19hear! I have given you authority to walk on serpents and *scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy. Nothing will hurt you.v20But don't rejoice because evil spirits obey you. Instead, rejoice that God has written your names in heaven. "

vs 18 *Satan is the enemy of God. He is the boss of all *demons. 72 * Disciples successfully exorcise demons. This was a sudden defeat by the evil forces of *Satan. It came so suddenly, like a bolt of lightning. The reign of Jesus* Messiah has begun. His authority is destroying *Satan's power.

Another explanation (Isaiah 14:12) is that before Jesus came to earth, he had seen *Satan fall suddenly from heaven.

Verse 19 Jesus reminds his *disciples that their authority comes from him. He is the authority over all evil forces. To walk over means to have power. Both snakes and medical scorpions produce venom that can kill. (*Satan's name in 2 Corinthians 11:3 and Revelation 12:9 is "the serpent"). *Disciples can stop* Satan. He cannot "poison" people's minds so that they do not believe in Jesus. They will save people from *spiritual death. Nothing can hurt a *disciple.

vs 20 *The disciples should remember that *Satan fell because of his pride. This is a warning to them not to take pride in their success. The real reason for joy is that they already have *eternal life. The concept of God's "book of life" is found in Philippians 4:3 and Revelation 3:5.

Jesus' prayer 10:21

v21At that moment, the Holy Spirit filled Jesus with joy. He said: 'Father, you are* the Lord of Heaven and Earth. I thank you for showing this stuff to simple people. You hide them from the wise and learned. Yes, father, that was his plan.

Verse 21 Jesus thanked God for what the 72* disciples did. He could also think of all those who were taught by him. He first spoke to God as "Father". This shows the love relationship between God and Jesus. He also called God "*lord of heaven and earth." These words emphasize that God has power over everything he has created. God does not reveal His truth to those who think themselves wise. He showed his truth to common people. These people are not highly educated, but they trust him. God is glad this happened. Paul later wrote that God chose to do so (1 Corinthians 1:26-29). This is to prevent people from being proud.

Jesus and the Father 10:22

v22'My father gave me everything. The Father knows who the Son is. He's the only one who knows this. The Son knows who the Father is. He's the only one who knows this. No one knows the father unless the son is willing to show him his father. "

vs 22 These words show the close relationship between Jesus and God. God has given complete authority to Jesus. Jesus knew the will of God. People can know God only through Jesus.

The *disciple's* blessing 10:23-24

v23Jesus turned to his *disciples and spoke to them privately. He said: 'You are happy because you see what you see!v24I tell you this many *prophets and kings want to see what you see. But they didn't see them. They want to hear what you hear. But they didn't hear it.

Verse 24 Jesus told the *disciples they had a very special *blessing. They had seen and heard the *Messiah. *Many* prophets and kings of Israel have been waiting for Jesus. But he didn't come in his day. Now Jesus has fulfilled all the hopes of the *Jewish nation.

*The parable of the good man *Samaritan 10:25-37

v25*Jewish legal experts come to test Jesus. "Teacher," he asked, "what must I do to gain *eternal life?"v26Jesus replied, What does the book of the law say? What do you think they mean?v27The man replied, "Love *the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, strength, and mind. Love your neighbor as yourself."v28"You are right," Jesus replied. "Do this, and you will live."v29But the mage has to defend himself. So he asked Jesus, "Who is my neighbor?"

v30When Jesus answered him, he told him a story. 'Haman was on his way from Jerusalem to Jericho. Bandits attacked him and took everything he had. They beat him and left him half dead.v31As it happened, a priest was heading that way. But when she saw the man, she passed him on the other side of the road.v32Likewise, a Levite also arrived. He walked over and looked at the man. Then she passed him on the other side of the road.v33But a *Samaritan is going that way. He met that person. When the Samaritan saw him, he felt sorry for the man.v34He approached him. He poured oil on the man's wound and bandaged it. Then he put the man on his own cattle and took him to an inn. There he takes care of him.v35The next day, he took out two silver coins. He gave them to the owner of the * allowance. He told her: "Take care of him. When I come back, I will pay you if you spend more."v36Jesus finished saying, "Which of these three men do you think was a neighbor of the man who was attacked by robbers?"v37The mage replied: "People who treat him well." Jesus replied, "Go too."

"Testing Jesus" in verse 25 probably means that he wanted to discuss the meaning of the law. However, these words may mean "to catch" Jesus. This shows that he was not sincere in asking Jesus for advice. Maybe he wanted Jesus to look silly.

vs 27 The teacher responded using words from Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18. People must put God first in their lives. You must love him forever. *Jews think the word "neighbor" refers only to *Jews.

v. 29 He has answered his own question. So the legal expert was trying to make his question sound like he was right. So he asked Jesus what "neighbor" meant. He wants to prove his innocence.

Verse 30 The road from Jerusalem to Jericho descends through the desert below sea level. The road is dangerous. Thieves often hide in caves in the cliffs along the road.

vs 31 The priest was probably on his way back to Jericho from his duties at the temple in Jerusalem*. He sees the man, but continues on his journey. This person may be dead. Then if the priest touched the corpse, he would become '*unclean'.

v. 32 *The Levites help in the services of the *temple. We don't know which direction this Levite is going. If he's going to the *shrine, he's probably been thinking about his duties there. He doesn't think he has enough time to help this person. He doesn't want to become "unclean." He may also be afraid that the thief is still around.

v. 33 *Samaritans belong to the nation to which * the Jews belong (see note on 9:52).

Section 34 oil would make his wound less painful. Wine cleanses them. People often use oil and wine for this.

Verse 35 His payment was two days' wages. The *Samaritan even offered to pay more if the innkeeper wanted it. This is a risk. Shopkeepers can lie to you.

Verse 36 Jesus asked, "Who will be a neighbor?"

37 The scribe replied, "He who is kind to him." As a *Jew, he probably didn't want to admit that he was a *Samaritan. However, he gave a real answer. The person who helps is a "neighbor". Jesus told the lawyers that he should do the same. He must be a neighbor to anyone in need. Acting like a neighbor is different from trying to recognize a neighbor. *The Samaritan helped a man. He didn't take into account differences in their countries or religions. Anyone in trouble needs another person to help and love them.

Martha and Mary 10:38-42

v38While Jesus and his disciples were on their way, they came to a small town. A woman named Marta welcomed him into her home.v39He has a sister named Maria. She sits at the feet of the Lord. She listens to his teachings.v40Martha is uneasy about all the work she has to do. So she went to Jesus and said, 'Lord, don't you mind if my sister lets me do all the work by myself? Call him to help me!v41*The Lord answered her: "Marta, Marta! You are anxious and disturbed about many things.v42Only one thing is necessary. Maria has chosen the best part and no one is going to take that away from her."

v. 38 Martha and Mary lived in Bethany, about two miles (3 kilometers) from Jerusalem (John 11:1, 18).

vs 39 Mary sits at *the feet of the Lord as a disciple. I want to learn from him.

Verse 40 The horse gallops to prepare the food. If there were *disciples around, she would have more work to do.

Verse 42 "only one thing" could mean that Martha was trying to prepare too many plates of food. one is enough. Jesus also said that listening to him is more important than food.

This incident, recorded only by Luke, adds another truth to the parable of the good *Samaritan. Both are examples of laws in Deuteronomy and Leviticus (Luke 10:27). The story of the good *Samaritan shows that one needs to "love one's neighbor as oneself." Mary's choice shows that loving God comes first.

Jesus teaches prayer 11:1-13

1 Prayer taught by Jesus 11:1-4

v1One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When he was done, one of his *disciples spoke to him. "*Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his *disciples".

v2Jesus replied, "When you pray, say this: "Father, may your name be honored and hallowed. May your *kingdom come.v3Give us the food we need every day.v4Forgive us our *sins, as we forgive all who have done wrong to us. Keep us from trials that are too hard. "

Jesus gave *disciples a prayer to use. There is a longer account in Matthew 6:9-13. Matthew writes that Jesus said, "Pray this way." Therefore, it is also a model for other sentences.

The first three parts put God first. The next three sections discuss what people need. These prayers ask God to do three things:

· provide what we currently need,

· Forgive us for what we have done wrong in the past,

· guide our future.

vs 1 Jesus wants the disciples to address God as "Father." Christians are members of God's family. The word "father" reminds them that they have a relationship with him. They love him and trust him.

Verse 2 "May we honor and hallow your name." We cannot use the name "God" in a negative way. But Jesus meant more than that. In *Hebrew, someone's "name" signifies their entire character. * Disciples must glorify God. Then they should help others understand the character of God. They should not do or say anything that would give a false impression of God.

'Let your *kingdom come'. This prayer asks more and more people to accept Jesus as their King. When *God's Kingdom* is complete, *Satan's power will end. *Disciples help* the kingdom of God grow.

v 3 People depend on God for food. Jesus asked his *disciples to pray daily for their food. They must remember how God gave *the Israelites their food (“manna”) every day in the desert (Exodus 16). They shouldn't worry about the future. The word "we" reminds people that they are part of one big family. Your request should not be selfish. * Food for thought is also important. People need to learn more and more about God and his purpose. Then your *spiritual life will be healthy.

vs 4 *Sin separates everyone from a holy God. Therefore, we need God to forgive us. One must forgive others. If they don't, then God will not forgive them.

*Satan tries to lead people to do bad things. God does not try to make anyone do wrong. * God's disciples ask him to help them avoid trouble. Some situations may be too severe a test for your healthy faith.

2. 11:5-8 midnight The best parable of a friend

v5Jesus said to his *disciples: "Suppose you go to a friend's house in the middle of the night. You say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves.'v6A friend of mine is traveling and just arrived. But I didn't give him anything to eat. "v7And your friend will answer you in his house: "Don't bother me! I've closed the door. My children are in bed with me. I can't get up and give you anything."v8Let me tell you, he won't get up and give you anything because you're his friend. But He will give you what you need because you keep asking.

Section 5 The visitors arrive in the middle of the night. He was traveling later in the day when the weather was cooler. He shunned the midday heat. This is a common practice. Three small rolls were enough for this guest.

Section 7 The master sleeps with his family on cushions on the platform. Animals will be on the ground near the door. If he gets up, he wakes them all up.

Verse 8 The man finally stood up. He didn't want the people at the door to bother him all the time. God is different. He is always ready and willing to listen to the prayers of the children. When you ask, he will answer you. *parable encourages* disciples to keep praying and not give up.

3. Promise 11:9-13

v9' So I tell you. Keep asking what you need. you will receive it. Just keep asking and you'll get it. Keep knocking and God will open the door for you.v10Because everyone who asks gets it. Whoever is looking for something will find it. God will open the door to anyone who knocks.v11There is not a father among you who would give his son a snake when he asked for a fish.v12You also don't give him *scorpions* when he asks for eggs.v13You are not perfect. But you know how to give your kids the good stuff. Your Father who is in heaven will give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!

Verses 11-12 *The fisherman sometimes finds a water-snake in his net. *When the scorpion is rolled up, it is in the shape of an egg.

vs. 13 The parents of men do wrong things. But they don't give their kids anything that would hurt them. God the Father in heaven is without sin. He knows exactly what's best for his kids. He has perfect power to supply it. As such, it can be much more generous than its human parents. Luke said God would give the Holy Spirit. He is the greatest gift from whom all good things come.

*Kingdom of God and *Kingdom of Satan 11:14-23

v14Jesus is casting out a *demon who makes dumb. *After the demon leaves, the man starts talking. This surprised everyone.v15But some say, "He drives out *demons with the power of Beelzebub, the leader of *demons."v16Others wanted to test Jesus. They asked him for evidence from heaven. They wanted him to prove that God had given him power.v17But Jesus knew what they were thinking. Then he said to them: "When men fight each other in a *kingdom, they destroy it. If a family quarrels, it breaks.v18So, if *Satan is at war with himself, how can his *kingdom last? You say Beelzebub gave me the power to cast out *demons.v19If it's me too, how are their *fans kicking them out? Your own *followers prove you wrong!

v20But I cast out *demons by the "finger of God". This proves* that the kingdom of God has come among you.v21A strong man guarding his house with his arms around him. Your property is safe.v22But when a stronger man attacked, he beat him. He took away the weapon that protected his master. The strongest man shares what he steals with others.v23What is not for me is what is against me. Whoever does not gather people to Me scatters them. "

Matthew 12:24 verse 15 tells us that those who said this were *Pharisees. Beelzebul is an alien god. *Jews believe that Beelzebub is the *chief of demons* Satan.

Verse 17 Jesus proves that they were talking nonsense. It is foolish to think that *Satan will destroy his own* kingdom.

vs 19 He asks about the other castors. If Jesus was using *Satan's power, were they also working with *Satan?

Verse 20 "the fingers of God" signifies the power of God. The words Exodus 8:19. Jesus demonstrated the power of God by healing people's bodies and minds. This means *the Kingdom of God has come to Jesus.

Verse 21 Jesus said that *Satan is a strong man. He controlled the people until Jesus came and defeated him. Jesus set out to defeat *Satan and cast out *Satan's* demons at the same time.

vs. 23 In the war against evil, one cannot refuse to take sides. Anyone who is not on Jesus' side is against Him. Such a person is like a bad *shepherd. Scatter the flock instead of herding them.

*The devil 11:24-26

v24'When the most unclean spirit comes out of a person, it travels through the desert. Find a place to rest. If he couldn't find a place, he decided to return to the original house.v25So come back. The house was found to be clean and tidy, with everything in order.v26Then he went out and took seven demons worse than himself. They come to live here. That person will end up in a worse state than before.

vs 24 Evil (or *unclean) spirits are believed to live in the desert. Few people live in the desert. Therefore, evil spirits cannot find people.

Sections 25-26 assume that someone clears weeds from a garden. Unless flowers replace weeds, the garden will become more weedy. It is not enough to simply drive away bad thoughts and habits. Many people give up their *sin, but don't ask God to come into their lives to guide them. Good thoughts and habits must replace bad ones. Evil will return unless people protect themselves. A "house" is a person's life. There must be God in his or her life. When the Holy Spirit dwells in a person, evil cannot enter.

Women's *Blessings 11:27-28

v27As Jesus said this, a woman in the crowd cried out, "Happy is the woman who brought you into this world to feed you!"v28But Jesus replied, "Blessed are those who hear the word of God and keep it!"

v. 27 The woman's comment may have been spur of the moment. But what he said about Jesus' mother was true. Elizabeth* blesses Mary (Luke 1:42). Mary herself said that people would call her God-blessed. When a woman praises the mother of Jesus, she is also praising Jesus.

In verse 28 Jesus shows that it is not enough to praise him in this way. When people heed God's message, it brings true happiness.

The testimony of Jonah and the Queen of Sheba 11:29-32

v29The crowd is growing. Jesus said, "Everyone alive now is bad! They are asking for evidence. But the only evidence they will have is the evidence of Jonah.v30*Evidence that the prophet Jonah became a Nineveh. Likewise, the *Son of Man will be a witness to this generation.

v31On Judgment Day, the Queen of the South will testify against the people of the century. He came all the way from his own country just to hear the wisdom of King Solomon. I tell you, there's something bigger than Solomon here!v32On the day of judgment, the people of Nineveh will rise up against you. When they heard Jonah's message, they turned from their *sin. I'm telling you, there's something bigger here than Jonah's.

vs 29 Someone wanted evidence, so that Jesus could prove where his authority came from.

St. 30 Nah is a *prophet who brings God's message to Nineveh, the capital of Assyria. He warned that people should change their behaviour. If they don't, then God will destroy their city (Jonah 3:4). Jonah spent three days on a large fish (Jonah 1:17). This is evidence of the resurrection of Jesus* three days later (Matthew 12:38-40).

Verse 31 "Queen of the South" is the Queen of Sheba. She is from Yemen in southern Arabia. He made a long and difficult journey to hear the wisdom of Solomon (1 Kings 10:1-10). Jesus was actually among the *Jews. She had only heard reports about Solomon. Jesus himself invited the Jews to follow him. The *kingdom that has come is more important than Solomon's wisdom. On Judgment Day, the Queen of Sheba will prove *the Jews guilty. They don't believe in Jesus.

Verse 32 The Ninevehites will also pronounce the *Jews guilty. When Jonah gave them God's warning, they changed their behavior (Jonah 3). But the *Jews of Jesus' day refused to believe Jesus' message. Jesus brought more important news about the *Kingdom than Jonah's message.

Light and Darkness 11:33-36

v33No one lights a lamp and then hides it somewhere or puts it under a pot. Instead, he put it on the table. Anyone who enters the house can see the light.v34Your eyes are like the lamps of your body. When your eyes are healthy, your whole body is filled with light. When the eyes are bad, the whole body is dark.v35Then, make sure you have light within you, not darkness.

v36If your whole body is full of light, without any dark part, that is total light. It's like having a light shine on you. "

vs 33 *The Jews "hid" their knowledge of God's truth. They failed to bring the "light" of truth to others.

Section 34 With healthy eyes, people can see what you are doing. If the eyes are sick, the whole body will be "dark". That person won't be able to do anything the right way. *Jews require proof. His *mental vision is unhealthy. They are in darkness because they refuse to accept Jesus.

Verse 35 Jesus warns everyone who is listening. People must be careful not to lose their knowledge of God, His "light." Then they will be in total darkness of evil. Those who allow God's truth to give them *spiritual vision will be able to demonstrate the truth to others. They will be like a lamp that illuminates the darkness.

Jesus and the Pharisees 11:37-41

v37When Jesus finished speaking, a Pharisee asked him to eat with him. Then Jesus came in and sat down at the table.v38Jesus surprised the Pharisees by not washing his hands before meals.v39Then *the Lord said to him, 'You* Pharisees have washed the outside of the cup and the saucer. But, deep down, you are greedy and evil.v40Fool, God created both the outside and the inside.v41Give what you have to the poor. Then all your things will be clean.

vs 38 The Pharisees are surprised because Jesus didn't wash his hands. It's not for removing dirt. It's a ritual. Explain that a person is pure after the outside world. They have to pour the right amount of water on their hands and arms in a special way. Jesus could have touched a *gentile or one of their possessions. This would make Jesus "unclean."

In verse 39 Jesus said it is foolish to wash the outside of the cups and plates and dirty the inside. Pharisees are just as stupid. They care about their bathing ritual on the surface, but they are greedy and evil inside. God wants their healthy souls to be as clean as their pots.

vs 41 They should give generously to help the poor. Then everything they do will please God.

Three *Warnings* to the *Pharisees 11:42-44

1. Giving tithes 11:42

v42‘You Pharisees are terrible! You give Godone a tenth of the little plants that flavor the food. But you have neglected justice and the love of God. You should be doing these things, but you should be doing other things too. "

Verse 42 * Jewish law required a tenth of the harvest of oil, grain, and wine (Deuteronomy 14:22). This tenth part is the "tithe." These *tithes were paid to the *Levites (Numbers 18:21). *The Pharisees took great care to provide tithes of small plants to flavor their food. The law doesn't require them. But the Pharisees failed at more important things. They are unfair to other people. They have not kept the *commandment to love God.

2. Desired Honor 11:43

v43‘You Pharisees are terrible! You like the best seats in *synagogues*. You like that people in the market respect you when they greet you.

Verse 43 There are seats for important people in the synagogue. These seats are in front of cabinets containing holy books. * Pharisees love to sit on these seats because everyone can see them. When they walk in public, they like that people treat them with respect as the best and most important Jewish people.

3. *The consequences of the Pharisees 11:44

v44‘You Pharisees are terrible! You are like an invisible tomb. People step on it unconsciously.

v. 44 *The Jews used to paint graves white so that people would not step on them. A person who accidentally stepped on a grave became '*unclean' for a week. These people cannot participate in any *acts of worship (Numbers 19:16).

* Pharisees are like graves that people don't notice. People don't realize the bad influence *Pharisees have had on them. The actions of the Pharisees seemed holy. But the people they teach are getting *dirty*. That is, they learn false ideas about God.

Three *Warnings* to Mosaic Law Experts 11:45-54

v45A Mosaic law expert said to Jesus, "Teacher, you are insulting us by saying such things."

vs. 45 The Mosaic law experts belonged to the same *religious group as the *Pharisees.

1 His Rules 11:46

v46Jesus replied: Scribes, how terrible you are! You put a heavy burden on people. But you* yourselves did not help them.

Section 46 Legal experts have hundreds of rules on how to keep God's law. There are too many rules, and ordinary people simply cannot abide by them. Rules are like a weight on people's backs. However, legal experts have found ingenious ways around their own rules. For example, they say that a person can only walk a short distance from home on the Sabbath. But if someone has something tied up at the end of your street, you can call that end of your street "home." So I can go some distance from there. They tell other people what to do. But they don't even play by the rules they make themselves.

2 His attitude towards the *Prophet 11:47-51

v47How dreadful it is to you! You build ornate tombs for *prophets, *prophets murdered by your *fathers.v48Your actions show that you approve of what your *ancestors did. They murdered the *Prophets and you built their *tombs.v49That's why God in His wisdom said: I will send *Prophets and *Apostles. They'll kill some of them and hurt some of them. "v50Then God will punish the people of this age. They are responsible for the murder of all *prophets since creation.v51That is, from Abel being killed to Sacharyas being killed. He died between the *altar and the holy place of the *temple. Yes I tell you God will punish the people of this age for all.

Section 47 Legal experts try to honor the *prophets of the past. They built their *tombs. This may mean they are rebuilt or made more splendid.

vs 48 Mosaic law experts and *Pharisees have the same attitude as their *fathers. They will kill a living *prophet. Jesus meant that they would kill him.

Verses 50-51 The *Jews of Jesus' day are responsible for *all murders in *Jewish history. It started with the first murder, when Cain killed his brother Abel (Genesis 4:8). The last one is *the prophet Zechariah. They slew him in the *courtyard of the temple, by order of the king (2 Chronicles 24:22). Genesis is the first book of the *Hebrew* Old Testament and Chronicles is the last book.

3 Word of God 11:52

v52How terrible are you scribes! You have taken the key to the door of knowledge. You *will not* enter. Block those who try to enter.

verse 52 The lawyers make it difficult for common people to understand the word of God. They should explain what the law means. Then people will know what God wants. Instead, they complicate the law. This prevents anyone from knowing the truth. They themselves did not obey God. They also detained others who tried to obey him.

4 Results of Jesus* warning 11:53-54

v53When he left there, the scribes and Pharisees were very angry. They attacked Jesus violently, questioning him on many topics at the same time.v54They tried to frame him. They wanted to catch him because he said something bad.

vs. 53-54 *The Pharisees were very angry, and they wanted to get Jesus into serious trouble. They are like people who wish to catch wild animals. They wanted to get Jesus to say something bad. Then they could sue him for not keeping the law of Moses.

Jesus warns and encourages his *disciples 12:1-12

1 Warning about *the false life of the Pharisees 12:1-3

v1Thousands of people gathered. There are so many people that they walk on each other's feet. Jesus spoke first to his *disciples. 'Be careful and avoid the leaven of the *Pharisees.v2God will reveal anything that people try to hide. He will reveal all the secrets.v3So whatever you say in the dark, it will be heard in the light. Whatever you whisper in a private room, people will shout it from their rooftops. "

Section 1 "*yeast" or "*yeast" is a substance that cooks use to leaven bread. Jesus used this word to describe the hypocrisy of the *Pharisees*. * Hypocrisy means "playing a role". * Pharisees claim to be good people but hide their true nature. Their wrongdoing may spread to others as yeast spreads on flour. Therefore, *disciples should not believe *the teachings of the Pharisees. Their words and actions should always be sincere.

Section 2 *Hypocrisy is nonsense. On the day of judgment, God will expose the hidden evil thoughts of the Pharisees and others.

Section 3 There are two ways to say that the truth cannot be hidden. People will listen to everything someone has to say at night during the day. People can whisper in private rooms of the house. But others will be yelling from the rooftops.

These houses have flat roofs. Since most houses are close together, it's easy to yell from rooftop to rooftop.

2 * Disciples need not be afraid of man 12:4-7

v4"I tell you, my friends. Fear not those who kill the body. After that, they cannot do more.v5I will tell you who is afraid. Fear God. He has the ability to kill people and throw them into hell. Believe me, he is the most feared person!v6People sell five sparrows (little birds) for two cents. But God watches over every sparrow.v7God has counted the hairs on your head, so fear not. You are worth more to God than many sparrows.

Section 4 When a person's body dies, no one can kill him again.

vs 5 However, God has power after the physical death of man. God judges everyone. He can punish them, send them to hell. The only Greek word for "hell" is "Gehenna". This refers to the Valley of the Son of Hinnom outside of Jerusalem. People burned all their rubbish there. People think it's like the place of final punishment.

In verse 6 Jesus speaks of God's power to punish. Jesus then reminds *disciples of God's love. It only cost two cents to buy five birds.

People used to cook and eat them. Two for a penny, one more free. But God will not forget these vulgar and cheap birds. He even remembered freedom.

vs 7 *The disciples should not be afraid. They are worth more than many small birds. God knows everything about those who follow Jesus. He even counted the hairs on their heads. It shows that you care about everything and nothing is too small.

3 Confession or denial of Christ 12:8-12

v8‘You may tell others that you belong to the *Son of Man. Then he will tell *an angel of God that you are his faithful* disciple.v9But you can tell people you don't know me. Then the *son of man will tell* the angel of God that he does not know you.v10God will forgive anyone who speaks ill of the *Son of Man. But God will not forgive anyone who speaks ill of the Holy Spirit.v11The powerful will accuse you in the *synagogues and before the rulers. But don't worry about what to say or how to defend yourself.v12The Holy Spirit will teach you what to say when the time comes. "

vs 8 Our attitude toward Jesus matters. On Judgment Day, he will announce to the *angels in heaven who are his true *disciples. They are the ones who will say they follow him. People who deny that Jesus was on earth refuse to accept His right to their lives. In heaven, Jesus will say they do not belong to him.

vs 10 God cannot forgive anyone who *offends the Holy Spirit. Some people say good things and bad things. They committed this *crime. They said that when Jesus* healed people, he was helping the devil. These men refuse to admit their *sins. They continue to oppose God. Therefore, God will not forgive them. His attitude has become so harsh. They don't even realize they need God to forgive them.

vs 11 *Disciples will have problems because of their *belief. But Jesus said the Holy Spirit would help them. They may have to go to *synagogue court. Perhaps the *main Jewish court* Sanhedrin will try them. Later, *gentile rulers may also oppose them. They don't need to worry about what to say in court. John 14:16 calls the Holy Spirit "the Comforter." The word means "one who stands by and helps". He will make *disciples speak the right words.

*The parable of the rich foolish man 12:13-21

v13Someone in the crowd said to Jesus, "Teacher, tell me brothers to share in what our father got when he died."v14Jesus answered him: Man, I have no right. I can't make up my mind how to divide the property between your brother and you.v15Jesus went on to say: 'Don't be covetous! A man's real life is not made up of what he has, no matter how great his wealth.

v16Then Jesus told them this *parable. "There was a rich man whose land gave him a lot of crops.v17He thought to himself: "My crops can't let go. What should I do?v18I see! ’ he said to himself. I’m going to tear down my shed and build a bigger one. I can put all my food and goods there.v19Then I would say to myself: 'You are a lucky man. You have a lot of things that you need for many years. Eat, drink and be merry! '"v20But God said to him, "You fool! This very night you will die. So who will get all these things you have reserved for yourself?"v21Jesus said, "This is what happens to the man who accumulates wealth for himself. But he is still a poor man in the eyes of God."

vs 13 This man may have been the second son. He deserves less than his brother. This is what the Law of Moses said (Deuteronomy 21:17). Maybe he wants an equal share. He probably felt that his brother had cheated him in some way.

In verse 14 Jesus said that He has no authority to judge. It's not his job. His job is to lead people to know God.

In verse 15 Jesus takes this opportunity to give a serious warning about greed.

Greed is the desire for more and more of something. Like salt water. If a person drinks salt water, he will feel that he wants to drink more. True life does not depend on how much one has in this world.

vs. 19-20 The man is a fool because he says "many years". He did not think about his own death. What's more, he doesn't know when he will die. Not all his possessions could satisfy his healthy soul. He is also very selfish. He used the words "I" and "mine" 12 times. He only wants to use his wealth for his own use. It never occurred to him to help others. He intends to live a life of luxury. He believes he holds the future in his hands. He doesn't know that God has given him everything, including his life. Dependence on substances is stupid. He cannot take these things with him when he dies (1 Timothy 6:7).

*Don't worry the disciples 12:22-34

v22Then Jesus said to his *disciples: 'Therefore I tell you, do not worry about the bread you eat or the clothes you wear.v23Life is much more important than food and clothing.

v24Think about those birds. They neither plant nor reap. They don't have room or sheds to store things in. Yet God fed them. You are worth more than birds.v25You can no longer live because you worry.v26If you can't even do such a small thing, then don't worry about other things.v27Watch how wildflowers grow. They don't work or make clothes. But that's what I'm going to tell you. Not even Solomon, with all his wealth, was as finely clothed as one of these flowers.v28It is God who "clothes" wild plants. The plants are in the fields one day, and people burn them in the oven the next day. God will surely give you clothes to wear. How you do not believe in God!v29So don't worry about what you're going to eat and drink.v30People who don't believe in God worry about these things. Your dad knows you need them.v31Instead, make the work of the Kingdom* a priority. Then God also provides these things.

v32Fear not, my little flock. Your Father wants to give you *the kingdom.

v33Sell ​​all property and distribute it to the poor. Have a bag that never wears out. Store your wealth in heaven. They never disappear because no thief can get near them. No insect can destroy them.

v34For your love is always where your wealth is.

Verse 22 Jesus just talked about the dangers of wealth. Then he spoke to his *disciples, who had very little property. They shouldn't worry about what their bodies need, like food and clothing. There are more important things in life than these. Jesus is not asking them to forget their responsibilities and not think about the future. He warned them not to worry.

Section 24 Birds, such as crows, do not grow or store food. Ravens are one of the "most unclean" birds listed in the *Old Testament (Leviticus 11:15). But God even cares about them. Christians are worth far more than any bird.

v. 25 Worrying is of no use. A worried man cannot prolong his life. Worry can even shorten your life.

vs 26 If *the disciples cannot do these things, they need not worry about the rest.

Verses 27-28 Wild flowers are more beautiful than rich King Solomon in rich clothes. However, flowers have a short lifespan. They were then burned as fuel to heat the oven. If God "clothed" flowers so ephemeral, he must have clothed his children.

Verses 29-30 The people are worried because they don't believe in God. It is the father who knows what his children need. People who don't know God worry about food and drink.

vs 31 You should glorify God by doing His will. They should try to get more people into their health kingdom. He will provide what you need every day if you make your work a priority.

Verse 32 Jesus speaks as a *shepherd. He compared his *disciples to a small flock of sheep. Though few in number, their super-priest takes care of them. Jesus just told them to put *God's kingdom work first. Now he says *the kingdom is a gift from God. God is delighted to welcome you into his *Kingdom. It's not in the future, it's at the end of time. It belongs to them now. They work hard to spread the good news of the *Kingdom. God gave them the power they needed to do their work.

vs 33 Jesus didn't ask his *disciples to give up everything. That would make them a nuisance to society. He was urging them not to be like the selfish "rich fool" in the story. Jesus wants them to be generous with their possessions. His real wealth is *spiritual*. This wealth is here to stay. It's like a bag that never wears out. It's completely safe. Thieves can steal valuables from the planet. Insects can ruin expensive clothing. A person concentrates all his time and energy on what he considers most valuable. Earthly riches will worry you, but they won't last. Riches in heaven means you obey God. Then you will have happiness and security. A person's life with God persists even after death.

*Son of Man will return to earth 12:35-40

v35Ready at all the time. Dress ready for action. Keep your lights on.v36Get ready like servants waiting for their master to return from the wedding feast. As long as you come back and knock on the door, they can open the door.v37Some of the servants were already awake when the master came back. Those servants are happy. I tell you, the master will prepare it. He will make the servant sit down. The host will then serve them at the table.v38If the master comes in the middle of the night, or even later, those servants will be happy!v39But get this: If the owner knows when thieves are coming, he will make sure his house is safe.v40You also have to be prepared. For *the Son of Man will come when you least expect it.

Verse 35 Jesus teaches the time when he will return to earth. People should always be ready for the return of Jesus. He will come suddenly. Then there is no time for him to prepare.

Servants would pull their long garments over their belts when they were ready for work. People need to take care of the lights so they stay on. *Disciples also need to be prepared.

Verse 36 Jesus wants his people to be sober like servants. Then, when their host returns from the wedding feast, they'll be ready.

In verses 37-38, the servant does not know when the wedding feast will end. They need to wait for their master all night. The servants who stay awake and ready even in the early morning will be amazed. Their owners will be ready to serve them personally. Jesus himself acted as a servant to his disciples (John 13:4). God's rewards always exceed the expectations of *disciples.

vs 39-40 * A disciple should be like the master of the house. Prevent thieves from trying to break into your home. They must always be ready to welcome the *Son of Man back to Earth. Jesus will come back when you least expect it.

The Duty of a Servant 12:41-48

v41Peter said, "Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for all people?"

v42*The Lord replied: "Who is the faithful servant? He is the one chosen by the sovereign to take care of his house and his servants. He must feed the other servants in due time.v43The teacher may return to find that he has done his duty. Then that servant will be happy.v44I am telling the truth. The master will let the servants look after all his things.v45But that servant might think, "It will be a long time before my master comes back." The servant starts beating the other menservants and maidservants. He ate and drank, and drank too much.v46Then one day the master will return when the servant is not expecting him. He will punish the servant severely. Servants will suffer the same fate as those who are not loyal.v47A servant who knows what his master wants may not realize it. The master will punch him a lot.v48But another servant may not know what his master wants. That servant should be punished for doing bad things, but the master beat him after a few hits. God requires much from those to whom he has given much. You expect more from someone you give more to. "

In verse 41 Peter asks this question because he cares about Jesus' warning. Jesus said he would return to earth. This seems to imply that some of his *disciples are not ready yet.

vs 42 *The disciples are *the Lord's servants, and God has placed upon them great responsibilities. They are like servants who take care of their masters.

Verses 43-44 *The disciples must wait for *the return of the Lord. While they wait, they must come alive and work for him and others. When the Lord returns, he will reward those who have served and loyal to him. .

Verse 45 No one has the right to be lazy. No one should live just to satisfy their own desires.

vs 47-48 Some *disciples knew more and had more opportunities. Therefore, they should take more responsibility. As a *disciple learns and understands more, God wants him to become more responsible. God is just when he punishes those who do wrong. God is generous to us more than we deserve. You will expect better service from us.

Jesus divides people 12:49-53

v49"I have come to ignite the earth. How I wish the fire had begun!

v50I am going to be baptized. How unhappy and depressed I was before it was over!v51Do you think I'm here to bring peace to the world? No, I will not bring peace. Instead, I separate people.v52Since then, the family of five has been separated. Three members of the family will face off against two others. And there are two people in the family who will fight against the other three.v53Parent and child will turn against each other. Mother and daughter will turn against each other. Mothers of wives and husbands would object. "

Verse 49 Jesus comes to bring God's judgment. Like a fire destroying something of no value. This judgment will take place at the cross, where God will judge the people for their *sins. Jesus came to save people from sin. He wished his work had begun.

vs. 50 He calls his death "*baptism." *The word baptism sometimes means to suffer. (See Mark 10:39.) Jesus knew He would suffer and die. Thinking of this, he felt very nervous. I hope it happens as soon as possible.

Verses 51-53 Jesus brings peace. He reconciles man to God. However, his message has also been divided. Some took his message. Others refused to obey him. It can even tear some families apart. Jesus used words similar to those in Micah 7:6. In a family, he said, there would be three people on his side and two people against him. Or the other way around. The father will decide one way, the son will choose another. The mother and daughter will not agree. In a family, people must first be faithful to Jesus. Your family should come second.

Evidence of the Times 12:54-56

v54Jesus also said to the crowd: "When the cloud rose in the west, they immediately knew it was going to rain. It rained.v55When the south wind blows, you say: "It's going to be hot." It doesv56You *hypocrite! You can look at the earth and the sky. So you know what the weather will be like. So why don't you know what the present tense means?

Verse 54 Jesus said that people can learn about the weather. They see evidence that it will change. Sometimes the clouds come from the Mediterranean Sea. Then they knew it was going to rain.

Section 55 The southerly wind blowing from the desert brings with it a very hot day.

vs. 56 They are *hypocrites. They know how to judge evidence for future climates. But they refused to understand the "miracles" Jesus spoke of. The Greek word for "time" here is "kairos," which means "right time." People don't decide to follow Jesus when they have the opportunity.

Reconciliation with God 12:57-59

v57You have to decide what is right. Why are you unwilling to decide?v58If someone accuses you, you should try to make peace with him. Do this when going to court. If you don't, it will drag you before a judge. The judge will order the police to put you in jail.v59Then you'll stay there until you pay off the last dime of your debt.

In verse 57 Jesus asks why people are not thinking of themselves. They shouldn't let people like the Pharisees lead them.

Verses 58-59 A man is in debt. You should pay the person who takes you to court. If you don't, you could go to jail. You will not withdraw until you have paid every single coin, even the last small coin. Everyone is in debt to God because he or she failed to love him or obey him. Before God judges you, you must pray for God's *mercy.

Man needs to turn to God 13:1-9

Two events and a *parable teach the need to turn to God. They have to do this to avoid punishment.

1 Galilean slain 13:1-3

v1At that time, the people told Jesus something about the Galileans. When they* offered sacrifices to God, Pilate's soldiers killed them.v2Jesus said to the people: What do you think of these Galileans? Are they worse* than all the rest of Galilee? Is this why they suffer?v3No, that's not true. But unless you turn from your *sin, you too will suddenly die.

vs 1 Pilate was the *Roman who ruled Judea. He was always worried that the *Jews would disturb the peace. "Galileans" are people from the area around the Lake of Galilee.

vs 2 *Jews often believed that people suffered because they *sinned (John 9:2). Jesus just talked about *judgment. One can also ponder what Jesus said. So they wondered if these Galileans were particularly evil. Some from Galilee offered *sacrifices in the *temple. Pilate didn't want anyone to trouble the *Romans. He ordered his soldiers to arrest those people. The soldiers killed the Galileans. His own blood was mixed with the blood of the animals he sacrificed.

2 The accident at Siloam 13:4-5

v4Consider the 18 who died in Siloam. A building collapses, killing them. Do you think they are more sinful than all the other people living in Jerusalem?v5No they are not! But unless you turn from your *sin, you too will die.

vs. 4-5 The building may have been part of Pilate's plan to improve Jerusalem's water supply. It was necessary, but the Jews were very angry. Pilate took some money from the *temple to pay. These people may have been working on the water system. Some people hated Pilate's plan. They don't think people should study it. Workers should not receive *temple money as wages. They died when the building collapsed. Therefore, people think that God punished them. Jesus denied that they were more sinful than anyone in Jerusalem. But their deaths are a warning. People need to turn to God.

3 *The parable of the fig tree 13:6-9

v6Then Jesus told them this *parable. 'A man planted a *fig tree in his *vineyard. He looked for fruit inside, but found nothing.v7Then he spoke to those who tended his* vineyard. "Look, I've been looking for fruit on this tree for three years. But I haven't found it yet. Cut it! Why waste space?v8But the man replied, "Sir, leave him alone for another year. I'll dig around. I'll dig something in the ground to help the tree grow.v9So, it would be great if the tree bears fruit next year. If you don't, you can cut it off. "

Verse 6 *The vineyard is the graphic language of *the nation of Israel. Isaiah speaks of God's care for his* vineyard. But its fruit is not good. People suck. Therefore, God will destroy* the vineyard (Isaiah 5:1-7).

vs 7 In Jesus' parable, the *fig tree grew in the good soil of the *vineyard. But three years later, it still hasn't paid off. For the past three years, Jesus has been waiting for the *Jews to accept his message. *The fig tree has historically failed its owner. Likewise, the *Jews deceived Jesus.

The extra year in the story of verses 8-9 shows that God has given people every *opportunity to repent. But one day the opportunity will be gone. If the *Jews don't change their behavior, God will destroy their nation. He is like the *vinegar who cuts down the *fig tree.

*Jews will not obey God. Jesus knew this would cause trouble for the *Romans. The *Romans destroyed the *Jewish nation in AD 70.

Hunchbacked Woman 13:10-17

v10One *Saturday, Jesus was teaching in the *synagogue.v11A woman there has an evil spirit. It made her sick for 18 years. She was hunched over and unable to stand upright.v12Jesus saw her and called to her. He said, "Woman, you have no problem!"v13He put his hands on her and she straightened up immediately. She praises God.v14The synagogue officials were angry because Jesus healed the sick on the Sabbath. He spoke to the people in the synagogue. 'We can work 6 days. So, come and look for a therapeutic treatment on one of those days, not on a *Saturday!v15*The Lord answered him: 'Hypocrite*! Each of you will take an animal from your stable on the Sabbath and give it water.v16This woman is a descendant of *Abraham. *Satan bound her for 18 years. Of course, she had to be released on the "Sabbath".v17His enemy was confused and said nothing. All the people are still very happy about all the wonderful things that Jesus has done.

The "woman" in verse 12 is a polite metaphor. Jesus used this word when speaking to his mother (John 2:4).

vs 14 Many were against Jesus because he did not keep their* traditions of the Sabbath. This incident is yet another example of that. The official may also have been angry that Jesus was unaware of his authority. He didn't have the courage to speak directly to Jesus himself. Instead, he protested to those in the *synagogue.

Verses 15-16 Some agree with the official position. Jesus called them "*hypocrites." They would release their livestock on the Sabbath. But they didn't want him to release a man. God rescued *Israel from slavery (Deuteronomy 5:13-15). Jesus related this to the law of the *Sabbath.

*Satan puts women in a “prison.” Jesus gave women freedom. By that action Jesus is destroying the work of *Satan.

*The parable of the mustard seed 13:18-19

v18Jesus asked: "* What is the kingdom of God like? To what shall I compare it?v19Is such that. A man took a mustard seed and planted it in his field. The plant grows and becomes a tree. Birds build their nests on its branches.

vs. 19 *The mustard seed is small. Matthew emphasizes this (Matthew 13:31-32). The plant can grow as large as a small tree. *The Kingdom of God had very small beginnings with only a few *disciples. But it grew. Now* disciples are spread all over the world.

At that time, a tree was the graphic language of a powerful nation. The birds in the branches are the peoples it protects (Ezekiel 17:22-24). People of all nations will find their *spiritual security in *the Kingdom of God.

*The parable of the leaven 13:20-21

v20Jesus asked again: ‘To what shall I compare* the kingdom of God?v21Is such that. A woman has a little *yeast. He mixed it with plenty of organic dough to make bread. She does this until the whole number increases.

In verse 21 Jesus must have seen his mother making bread. A small amount of organic yeast expands a large amount of *dough. No one will see your slow work when you change 100% dough. Likewise, God slowly changes a person's character. *The leaven portrays the difference that *the kingdom makes in society. *yeast affects* the dough. Likewise, the *Christian faith affects society and improves it. The Thessalonians said that Christians "turned the world upside down" (Acts 17:6). *Master becomes* dough. * Faith in King Jesus changes people and societies.

The Narrow Gate 13:22-30

v22Jesus passed through towns and villages as he walked toward Jerusalem. He was there teaching people.v23Someone asked him, "Sir, will only a few escape God's punishment on the day of judgment?" Jesus replied:v24Push through the narrow door. I tell you this. A lot of people will want to get in, but they won't succeed.v25The owner got up and closed the door. Then you'll stand outside and start knocking on the door. You will say: "Open the door for us, sir!" But he will answer: "I don't know where you come from!"v26Then you reply: "We ate and drank with you. You teach in our city!"v27But then he would say, "I don't know where you come from. Get away from me, you wicked people!"v28How you will cry out in despair and rage! This is when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the *prophets in the Kingdom of God. But the master won't let you in.v29People will come from all over the world. They will sit on the throne of the Kingdom of God.v30So whoever is less important now will be first. The first will be the last. "

vs 23 *The Jewish teachers often discussed who would escape God's punishment. Many believed that most *Jews would have escaped. God will punish *infidels.

In verse 24 Jesus does not answer his question. He didn't say how many people God would save. Instead, he focuses on why so few people make it to the *land. He told them to fight steadfastly to enter the "gate" of *salvation. Jesus is not saying that people can *salvate* through their own efforts. He is emphasizing that *salvation is an urgent matter. People cannot put off their decision to follow Jesus. Your chance to enter the *Kingdom of God will not last forever.

vs 25 Some people wait until it's too late. Then the owner of the house would deny that he knew them.

vs 26-27 People outside will want to come in because they have had some contact with Jesus. Members of many Christian nations can consider themselves Christians. But they had no real desire to become disciples of Jesus. Jesus used the words from Psalm 6:8. They are evil and he doesn't know them. If they were true *disciples, they would change their behavior.

vs 28 They will cry and be angry. They will see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob who started the *Jewish nation. They will also see the *Prophets. All will be in *the Kingdom of God. But the outsiders won't be there.

vs. 29 *The Jews taught that at the end of time there would be a good supper. They imagine that they will be there and they will be very happy. Jesus said people would come from all over the world to *Messiah's feast (Isaiah 25:6). *Gentiles will be invited like *Jews. This will fulfill the words of Isaiah. God's *salvation will "reach to the ends of the earth" (Isaiah 49:6).

Section 30 Heaven's rules are very different from Earth's. God welcomes* Gentiles who trust in Him. But it would exclude *Jews who have not accepted him as *Messiah. Also, the least important person on earth will be honored more than anyone else in heaven.

Warning about Herod 13:31-33

v31At that time, some Pharisees approached Jesus and said to him, 'You must leave Galilee and go elsewhere. Because Herod is going to kill you.v32Jesus answered them, Go and tell that fox. "Today and tomorrow, I'm driving *demons and *healing people. On the third day I'll be done with my work."v33But, today, tomorrow and the day after, I must go my own way. Jerusalem is the place where a *prophet was killed.

vs 31 These *Pharisees may act like true friends. But they may have tried to drive Jesus out of Galilee for their own reasons. They had greater power to change Jewish public opinion. Therefore, they were willing to warn Jesus against Herod, a man they hated. Herod Antipas was the ruler of Galilee and Peria. Perhaps he was still anxious because he had consented to the death of John the Baptist. He doesn't want to be responsible for another murder. Jesus is very popular. So Herod may have been concerned about political activity that would disrupt the peace. Therefore, he thought he should warn Jesus. This will get him out of the area.

v. 32 *The Jews thought they could not trust the fox. This is one animal that always breaks things. Foxes are worthless. Jesus compared Herod to this animal. Jesus continued his work. He *casts out* demons and *heals people. But soon the job will be done.

vs 33 He "must" go to Jerusalem, but not according to Herod's wishes. God planned for Jesus to go there. This will be when God wants it. This would not be the time Herod wanted. Jerusalem is a "holy city" because *the holy temple is there. But they are often there to kill the *Prophet. Jesus was also a *prophet.

Jesus is sorry for Jerusalem 13:34-35

v34Jerusalem, Jerusalem! You killed the *Prophet. People have brought you messages from God. But you stoned them and killed them. Many times I want to take you with me. Then you'll be as safe as the chick under the hen's wing. But you didn't leave me!v35So God will leave your city. I tell you this and you won't see me again until you say, "God bless whoever comes as God's servant!".

Verse 34 "I have many times" shows that Jesus went to Jerusalem more times than Matthew, Mark, Luke and John recorded. Jesus said that the people of Jerusalem refused to obey God's servants. They even killed them.

vs 35 *The Jews refused to obey God. Therefore, God no longer protects his cities. As in Jeremiah's day (Jeremiah 7:4), *the Jews believed that their city would be safe forever. *The temple is there. Therefore, they believed that the enemy could never defeat Jerusalem. But Jesus' words came true. In 70 AD, the* Romans completely destroyed Jerusalem.

Jesus used the words from Psalm 118:26. When they arrived in Jerusalem, people greeted each other with this phrase. People greeted Jesus with these words on the first Easter Sunday (Luke 19:38). Here Jesus is also referring to when He will return to Earth. On that day people will have to recognize him as the *Messiah.

Jesus heals a man *on* Saturday 14:1-6

v1One *Saturday, Jesus went to have dinner at the home of one of *the most important Pharisees. They watched Jesus closely to see what he would do.v2Before Jesus is a man suffering from edema (excess water in the body).v3Jesus spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees. He asked them, "Does the law permit a man to heal *on* the Sabbath?"v4But they didn't answer. Jesus picked up the man,* and healed him. He then sent the man away.v5Then Jesus said to them: 'Suppose your child or your ox (animal) fell into a well on *the Sabbath day. You'll have it out right away, even on "Sabbath."v6But they could not answer him on that.

vs 1-2 Probably* the Pharisees put that man there on purpose. They wanted to see what Jesus would do. They did not doubt that Jesus could* heal him.

Verses 3-4 Mosaic law experts and Pharisees could not answer. They knew that the law permitted them to do good works on the *Sabbath day. God associated His law on the *Sabbath day with the deliverance of *Israel from slavery (Deuteronomy 5:12-15). They had been slaves in Egypt, and God brought them out of Egypt. *The Pharisees limited this law. They say that a person can only be healed when one's life is in danger. If *the Pharisees said "yes" to Jesus' question, they would break their own rules. If they say "no," they appear cruel.

In verse 5 Jesus shows them to be *hypocrites. On the Sabbath, if a person or animal fell into a well, they would not hesitate to go to the rescue. Jesus helped a very sick man.

vs 6 *The Pharisees could not answer Jesus.

Advice to guests 14:7-11

v7Jesus noticed how some of the guests were trying to sit in places of honor. Then he told all of them the *parable.v8"When someone invites you to a wedding, you don't feel like you're in the best position. Maybe the host invited someone more important than you.v9The host who invited both of you will say, "Let this man sit in that place." Then you will be ashamed and have to sit in the most disgraceful place.v10But when you get an invitation, go and sit in the most disgraceful places. Then your host will come over and say, "Go to a better place, my friend." Then all the other guests will see how much the host respects you.v11People try to make themselves look important. But God will humble you. God honors everyone who lives humbly. "

In verse 7 Jesus is saying more than advice about good behavior. This is a "*parable" and *religious lesson. Jesus showed that people should be humble.

Verses 9-10 use words similar to Proverbs 25:6-7.

Luke 1:51-52 Mary's song in verse 11 is similar to this verse. God does not want man to be proud. Instead, honor the humble. No one has the right to be important in *the kingdom of God.

Advice to Masters 14:12-14

v12Jesus said to his master, "When you serve lunch or supper, do not invite your friends or brothers. Do not invite your other relatives or rich neighbors. For they will invite you back. This is how they reward you.v13When you throw a party, invite the poor and those with* physical disabilities.v14Then you'll be happy because they can't give it back to you. God will reward you the day the good man rises from the dead. "

Verses 12-13 Jesus is not saying that people should not invite their close friends and relatives. What he meant was that people should also invite other guests. Proverbs 19:17 says, "He who is merciful to the poor lends to *Jehovah, and *Jehovah will repay him." Jesus asked people to be generous masters.

vs 14 Some deny that the wicked will rise from the dead. *The Pharisees believed in *universal resurrection (Daniel 12:2). But the Sadducees did not believe this (Luke 20:27).

* Parable of the Great Banquet 14:15-24

v15One of the people sitting at the table heard this. He told Jesus, "How blessed are those who will have a great supper in *the kingdom of God!"v16Jesus told him, "Once upon a time there was a man who gave a feast. He invited many guests.v17When it was time for dinner, he sent a servant to greet the guests: "Come, everything is ready."v18But one by one, they all started making excuses. The first one said to the servant: "I bought a field. I must go and see it. Sorry, I can't go".v19Another said: "I bought five pairs of cattle to help me plow the land. I'm going to see if they are working well. Please forgive me".v20Another said: "I just got married so I can't go!"v21The servant came back and told his master all this. The teacher was very angry. He told his servants: "Go through the streets of the city. Bring the poor here. Take *the handicapped".v22Soon, the servant said, "Sir, I have done what you told me to do. But there is room for more people.v23Then the master said to the servant: "Go to the country lanes and hedgerows. Let someone come in. I hope my house is full.v24Let me tell you, none of the people I invited could taste my dinner! '

vs. 15 This man may have been one who wanted to partake in the *Messiah's Feast. However, he was most likely a *Pharisee. He was sure he himself would be there one day. Then Jesus told a *parable about an invitation. One must answer in the present tense, not in the future.

Verse 16 It is the custom of the host to issue a second invitation after the first. Someone might accept the first invitation and decline the second. Then they are insulting the master.

vs 18 The first man excuses himself to see the fields. You may have purchased the field but haven't seen it yet. But you can wait a few days.

Section 19 People who buy new animals can also wait. He would also be foolish to buy the animals if he hadn't seen them.

Verse 20 Perhaps a third person refers to the law in Deuteronomy 24:5. The law exempts men from military service for a year after marriage. But it doesn't prohibit social interaction. He accepted the invitation. A generous host may also welcome his wife. Theman didn't even say he was sorry for the rejection.

verses 18-20 *Jews are more concerned with their own *religious rules than the people in verses 18-20. Jesus is like a servant. He reminds them that God has called them into his *Kingdom.

vs. 21 The people in the city are those whom the *Pharisees called "*sinners." They are people like *tax collectors, and others who do not obey all *religious rules.

Section 23 A hedge is the plants and shrubs along the way. They can house the homeless. They may wonder if the host really wants them to attend his grand dinner party. The servant must convince them with love, not with force. Jesus was referring to the Gentiles. They will have a place in the kingdom of *God.

Verse 24 "you" is plural. Jesus was speaking to all his guests, and to all who would listen to him. It is important to accept Jesus' invitation today. If someone refuses, they lose the opportunity to enjoy life with God in His *Kingdom.

The price of *discipleship 14:25-33

v25A great crowd followed Jesus. He turned to them and said:v26You cannot be MY *disciple unless you love Me more than your parents or your wife and children. You must love me more than your brothers and sisters. You can't come with me unless you love me more than your own life.v27You must carry your own cross and follow me. Otherwise, you can't be my 'disciple'.

v28"Suppose one of you wants to build a tall building. He sits down first. Calculate the cost of it. He wants to see if he has enough money to finish it.v29You can lay foundations (cornerstones), but you cannot complete buildings. Everyone will laugh at him.v30"The fool started building and couldn't finish it," they'd say.v31Or suppose a king goes out with an army of 10,000. He was to fight another king who had twice as many. The king sits first. He will decide if he is strong enough to fight another king.v32If he's not around, he'll send a message to the other kings. He'll do it while he's away. He will ask for peace.v33In the same way, someone might want to be my *disciple. You have to give up everything you have. "

vs 26 A person should be more loyal to Jesus than to his closest family. Jesus is even more important than one's own desires.

vs 27 The crowd follows Jesus. They thought he would be a strong leader. But Jesus told them that he was going to suffer. His followers must be willing to suffer and even die for their beliefs. But Jesus also meant that *disciples had to give up their own plans, comforts, and ambitions. Carrying the cross is very hard and painful. It is sometimes difficult to be a Christian today.

Verses 28-32 These two *parables use familiar situations. They make people think about the costs and dangers of being a Christian disciple. Verses 28 and 31 first mention "sit down". This shows that people should be careful when deciding to follow Jesus. One has to consider the cost of "building" one's beliefs and "fighting" the enemy. "Building" means a lifetime's work, not a sudden and fleeting effort. "Fight" means to oppose evil in every way.

"Forsake everything" in verse 33 means being completely devoted to following Jesus. at all costs. *A disciple must dedicate all his efforts to *the work of the Kingdom of God.

Salt is worthless 14:34-35

v34Salt is fine. But if it doesn't taste like salt anymore, you can no longer make proper salt.v35This is not good for the soil or the plants. People throw it away. Listen, if you have ears. "

Verses 34-35 Salt is used to season food. Salt also prevents food from spoiling. Refrigerators are a modern invention. People used to sprinkle salt in the soil to help plants grow. Jesus said that his *disciples are "the salt of the earth" (Matthew 5:13). Christians are to add flavor and joy to life. They must fight evil in the world and help people to be good. The salt in Jesus' day was not as pure as it is today. In those days, salt could dissolve, leaving only a tasteless substance. People throw it away because it has no value. Some *followers of Jesus are not doing their duty. Those *disciples are useless to God.

*The Parable of God's Love 15:1-32

1 Introduction 15:1-2

Jesus responded to the *Pharisees with three *parables. He was disapproved for eating with "*tax collectors and *sinners." The lost may be those who never became Christians. Or they may be Christians who are far from God.

v1One day all the *tax collectors and other bad people came to hear what Jesus said.v2* Pharisees and scribes start complaining to each other. "This man greets *sinners and even dines with them."

Verse 2 *The Pharisees thought it wrong to meet with *tax collectors and "*sinners" etc. A "*sinner" refers to a bad person. Many people do not follow all the religious rules of the *Pharisees. *The Pharisees also called these people "*sinners." One can have a meal with them. This shows that the person approves of your actions. Pharisees do not understand the love of God.

2 *The Parable of the Lost Sheep 15:3-7

v3Jesus told them this *parable.v4‘Suppose one of you has 100 sheep and loses one. Think about what it does. Leave 99 sheep in the field. He went to find his lost sheep. He looks for it until he finds it.v5He was really happy when he found it. He carried the sheep on his shoulders,v6take him home. Then gather your friends and neighbors. He also wants them to be happy. "I found my sheep," he said.v7Likewise, there is joy in heaven when a *sinner turns to God. Yes, there will be more joy than 99 good people who don't need to turn to God.

vs 4 It is easy for a sheep to get lost among the others and not know it. God is like the good *shepherd. Many have strayed from the law of God. This is not his intention. So, God is looking for them. Every human being is valuable to God. * The shepherd searches until he finds his "lost" sheep. Likewise, God will search until he finds the "lost" sinner.

vs 7 When Jesus said "good men," he was probably referring to the Pharisees. They don't think they need to turn to God. But they are only "good" in their own eyes.

3 *The Parable of the Lost Coin 15:8-10

v8Or suppose a woman has 10 coins. She lost one of them. Think about what it does. He lights a lamp and cleans his house. He searched every corner very carefully until he found it.v9When he found it, he called all his friends and neighbors together. She told them: "I lost a coin. I'm so glad I found it. Come and be happy with me!v10I tell you it's the same in heaven. The angels of *God rejoice when *sinners turn to God.

vs 8 The silver coins may have been the woman's savings. Onecoin is equivalent to a day's wages. It's worth it for another reason. The ten silver coins on the silver chain are the evidence of her marriage. He would wear them on his head and no one could take them off. They were as precious as wedding rings are today. In those days, the windows of the houses were small. This blocks sunlight and heat. It was dark inside, so she had to turn on a light. Then he can see where his coin landed.

This *parable in verse 10, like the first parable, shows that God's love is great. He searches for "lost" sinners as carefully as a woman searches for a lost coin. Both *parables speak of God's pleasure when a *sinner turns to God.

4 *The Parable of the Lost Son 15:11-32

Brother 15:11-24

v11"Once upon a time there was a man who had two sons.v12The younger son said to his father, "Father, give me my share of the inheritance." So the father divided the property between the two sons.v13Not long after, the youngest son sold his share of the property and left home with the money. He went to a distant country. He lived there stupidly and wasted all his money.v14After spending all his money, there was a famine (lack of food) in that country. Soon he had nothing to eat.v15So he went and rented it to a citizen of that country. The man sent him to take care of his pigs.v16Son will be happy to eat pig food. But no one offered him anything.

v17He finally realized how stupid he was. He said: "My father's workers can't get enough to eat! But I'm starving and I might die.v18I will go back to my father. I'd tell him, 'Father, I *sinned* against God and I *offended* you.v19I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Consider me one of your workers. "v20So he went to his father's house. But when he was still far away from home, his father saw him. He sympathized with him. He ran to meet her. She hugs him and kisses him.v21The son said, "Father, I have *sinned* against God,* against you. I am no longer worthy of anyone calling me your son."v22But the father called to his servant: "Quickly! Take your best clothes and put them on. Put the ring on her finger and put the shoe on her foot.v23Get the best young animal and kill it. Let's show how happy we are. Let's have a nice dinner.v24Because my son died, but he is still alive now. I lost it, but now I have found it. "That's how the party started."

vs 11 The law allowed the firstborn son to receive two-thirds of the father's property (Deuteronomy 21:17). This is because after his father dies, he will have a lot of things to buy. He will be the head of the family. Therefore, the second son can only get one-third of the property.

Verse 12 The youngest son wants to have fun. He didn't want to wait until his father died.

Verse 13 The youngest son hasten to be free. He goes as far as he can. He doesn't want anyone to limit his freedom. He buys what he wants. He had a great time and paid for the entertainment. He had a "good" time but wasted all his money.

Section 14 Lack of food in the country will make their situation worse. Food will be more expensive. People won't be willing or able to share their food.

v. 15 *The Jews considered pigs to be "the most unclean" animals (Leviticus 11:17). But the son found a job looking after pigs. He must be desperate.

vs 17 The son realizes that *offending his father is *offending God.

vs. 20 The father must have been waiting for his son to come back. He saw his son from afar. It is unusual for an old man to run like a father. People would think he was wrong to run.

vs. 21 The son wanted to be a worker for his father. The father stops him as he gives his son a grand welcome home.

Verse 22 The best clothes show his dignity. This ring is a testament to his authority. The slaves were barefoot. Thus, the son has shoes. This proves that he is free, not a slave.

Verse 23 This animal was fattened by the father for a special occasion.

vs 24 The father feels as if his dead son came to life again. He was "lost" to his father when he left. When he decided to return, he was "discovered".

Brother 15:25-32

v25'Meanwhile, the eldest son was in the field. As he was walking back to the house, he heard music. People are dancing.v26He called one of the servants and asked, "What's going on?"v27The servant said to him, "Your brother has returned. Your father killed the best animal, because his son is safe and sound at home.v28But the older brother was angry. He refused to enter the house. So her father came out and kept telling her to come in.v29But he replied to his father: "Look, you know I worked for you like a slave all these years. I never disobeyed your orders. What did you give me? You didn't even give me a child to come with my friends Let's have a party!v30But your son spends all your money on women, and you kill the best cattle for him!v31"My child," replied the father, "you are always with me. Everything I have belongs to you too.v32It's right to have a party and have a good time. Your brother died, but now he is alive. I lost it and now I found it. "

vs 28-29 Brothers are like *Pharisees. His work is a strict duty. He didn't serve his father because he loved him. * Pharisees kept the law, but they did not love God. The son did not understand his father's mood. *The Pharisees did not believe that God would welcome *sinners.

vs 30 He doesn't say "my brother," but "this son of yours." He said this to blame his father. He blames his brother. He said he spent all his father's money. But the younger brother spent only his share. The elder brother didn't know where the elder brother spent the money. He imagined his brother doing something terrible. He may be right, but he doesn't talk with love. The older brother was angry and jealous.

vs. 31 The father stresses his love for his two sons. The eldest should enjoy being at home with his father. He still owns his share of the property.

vs. 32 The father corrects "this son of yours" when he says "this brother of yours".

*The parable does not say whether the son obeys the father. It did not say whether he joined the party. The elder brother's story is a warning to the proud *Pharisees. The father gave a warm welcome to his "lost" son. Likewise, God welcomes *sinners whom He forgives. *The Pharisee heard* the parable. In the story, the father is God. The Pharisee has to decide whether to have the same attitude as his father or like his brother.

(Video) 42 | Book of Luke | Read by Alexander Scourby | AUDIO & TEXT | FREE on YouTube | GOD IS LOVE!

*The parable of the unrighteous ruler 16:1-8

v1Jesus said to his *disciples: "A rich man had a servant manage his property. The rich man heard that his manager was squandering his property.v2The rich man called his steward and said, "I hear what is the matter with you? Tell me in detail what you have done with my property. For you can no longer be my agent."v3The manager thought, "My master is going to make me quit my job. What should I do? I'm not strong enough to dig. I'm too proud to ask people for money and food.v4I've decided what to do! So when I lose my job, I will have friends. They would invite me to their home. "v5So he called all the debtors to his master. He asked the first one: "How much do you owe my master?"v6"A hundred barrels of oil," he replied. "This is your account," the manager told him. "Sit down and write 50 barrels."v7Then he asked another: "How much do you owe?" "A hundred sacks of wheat," he answered. "This is your account," the manager told him. "Write 80 sacks."v8The manager is dishonest. But the teacher praised him for doing such a wise thing. Because the people of this world handle things more wisely than the people who belong to the 'Kingdom of Godot'.

vs. 1-2 The steward squanders his master's goods. He is careless in the performance of his duties. He was probably guilty because he appropriated his master's goods for himself. The boss asked him to hand over his accounts before he lost his job.

Section 3 The manager thinks a lot about how he will live in the future.

v. 5-7 Those whom he called may owe the master rent. They pay for goods not money. Perhaps they purchased goods from their master's land and promised to pay for them. Those in debt may think that the manager persuaded their master to reduce the amount. They will be very grateful. However, it's more likely that the manager got them involved in the wrong business. They are willing to give it a home. Or they couldn't refuse to help him. Unless they help him, he can accuse them of doing something wrong.

Section 8 The teacher praised the administrator. I know the manager is dishonest. He didn't credit it for it. But praise him, because he has always been sensible. He has thought about his future and made plans.

Jesus points out four lessons from History 16:8-13

Lesson 1 16:8

v8"The manager was dishonest. But the teacher praised him for doing such a wise thing. Because the people of this world conduct their affairs in a more sensible way than those who belong to the 'Kingdom of God'.

vs 8 Non-Christians often conduct their affairs cautiously. They are wise in planning their future. Christians are not always so careful when thinking about God's work and their own eternal life*.

Lesson 2 16:9

v9Jesus went on to say: 'Therefore I tell you, use the riches* of this world* to make friends for yourselves. Then, when money is of no use to you, you are welcomed into heaven. "

vs 9 *Disciples should use their wealth to help those in need. Then the people you helped welcome you to their home in heaven.

Lesson 3 16:10-12

v10"Whoever is responsible for the little things will be responsible for the big things.v11Perhaps you are not being responsible in managing your material possessions. Then no one can entrust your *spiritual wealth to you.v12If you are not responsible for other people's property, no one will entrust you with real wealth.

vs 10-12 If people are responsible for small things, they will be responsible for big things. *Disciples use items that belong to God and not him. You have to show that you are responsible. Then God can be trusted to take care of the *spiritual needs of others*. Then God could entrust to him the riches of heaven.

Lesson 4 16:13

v13"No servant can serve two masters. You will hate the one and love the other. Or it will be loyal to the one. Then he will think the other worthless. You cannot be the servant of God and money at the same time.

vs 13 No one can serve two masters. It can be completely loyal to one master. No one can be a master with money and worship God at the same time.

*The Pharisees and the Law 16:14-18

v14When the Pharisees heard all this, they laughed at Jesus. They laughed at him for his love of money.v15Jesus told them, "You are the ones who make others look good. But God knows who you really are. What people admire is worthless to God.v16Before the time of John the Baptist, the Law of Moses and what was written by the *prophets were authoritative. Since then, people have been hearing good news about *God's Kingdom. Everyone tries to get into it.v17But it is easier for heaven and earth to disappear than for a small part of the law to lose its meaning.

v18A man can divorce his wife and marry another woman. If you do, you* break God's law. A man marries a woman whose husband is divorced. That man* broke the law of God.

vs 14 *The Pharisee believed that riches were God's reward for his goodness. But Jesus contrasted the love of God with the love of money. This did not please the *Pharisees.

vs 15 What some admired in the Pharisees displeased God. He knows his "good" behavior is fake.

Verse 16 The Law of Moses refers to the first five books of the *Old Testament. The *prophets form the second part of the *Hebrew* Old Testament. When Jesus came, *a new period in Jewish history began. People want to accept Jesus as King. Of course they want to enter his *Kingdom. They are not like the *Pharisees who did not take advantage of their opportunities.

Verse 17 The law is not over yet. Small details are * small additional marks on a Hebrew letter to distinguish it from another letter. Laws are implemented in the smallest detail. When Jesus taught, he explained what the law meant.

Section 18 There are two opinions on divorce, one strict and one easy. *The Pharisees accepted the simple point of view. A man could divorce his wife if she burned his dinner. Or if he sees someone more beautiful. But Jesus said marriage is a permanent relationship. He returned to the subject of divorce, and he made only one exception. If a husband or wife is unfaithful to each other, they can divorce (Matthew 5:31-32). *Sin against God's law violates one of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:14).

The rich man and Lazarus 16:19-31

v19"Once upon a time there was a rich man who wore the most expensive clothes. He lived in luxury every day.v20There is also a poor man. His name is Lazarus. He has acne all over his body. Someone took him to the door of the rich man's house.v21Food fell off the rich man's table. Lazarus wished to be able to eat them. Even wild dogs come to taste their sores.v22The poor man died. * Angels lead him to sit beside Abraham at the feast in heaven. The rich man died, and they buried him.v23In hell, he is in great pain. He looked up and saw Abraham in the distance, with Lazarus beside him.v24Then he cried, "My father Abraham! Have mercy on me. Send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in some water and cool my tongue. For I am in great pain in this fire!"v25But Abraham said, "Remember this, my son. When you lived on earth, you got all the good things. Lazarus had all the bad things. Now he's happy and you're miserable.v26In any case, the gap between us is very large. This will stop people who want to cross the street to you from here. Nor can anyone go from you to where we are.v27The rich man said, "My father Abraham, please send Lazarus to my father's house.v28Because I have five brothers. Let it pass and warn them. Then they don't use this painful place. "v29Abraham said, "Your brothers were warned in what Moses and the *Prophets wrote. Your brothers should listen to them."v30The rich man replied, "It's not enough, Father Abraham. But if someone rises from the dead. If they go to them, then they will turn to God."v31But Abraham said, "If they will not obey God, they will not return to him. Not even if someone is raised from the dead."

Verse 19 The rich man is dressed in purple. Kings use that color. Wear the highest quality clothing underneath him. He eats hearty meals every day.

vs 20 The name "Lazarus" means "God is my help". He is sick. Someone had to take him to the door of the rich man's house.

Verse 21 I'm very hungry. He hoped to eat the bread thrown by the guests. First, they washed their hands. He was too weak to push a *dog in the street. * Dogs are nasty.

Verse 22 Abraham is the host of the heavenly feast. After Lazarus died, his status was second only to Abraham. Lazaro was happy there. A funeral was held for the rich man. But the story doesn't mention whether Lazarus had a funeral.

Verse 23 The rich man went to "*Haol". This is the *Greek word for the *Hebrew name "sheol". It just means the place where all the dead people are. However, in this verse it seems to mean the same as "hell". Hell is a place of punishment or suffering.

v.24 The rich man speaks to Abraham "the father." Perhaps he wanted to emphasize that he is from *Israel. That is the chosen nation of God. The rich man did nothing for Lazarus. Now he wants Lazarus to be his servant.

Verse 25 Abraham answered him. It's only fair that Lazarus was happy. He suffered through no fault of his own. The rich lived happily and did not think of Lazarus.

Verse 26 Furthermore, the rich man made an impossible request. After a person dies, their situation is permanent.

27-28 The rich man asks Lazarus to warn his brothers. But the rich are also making excuses. He doesn't think he received enough warning. He wouldn't be in *Hades if anyone had warned him.

The Book of Moses and the *Prophets contains frequent *warnings in verse 29. They tell people to take care of the poor. His brothers could hear those words every week in *synagogue.

vs. 30 The rich asked Abraham to send some special proofs to warn them.

Verse 31 God's word had warned them, but they ignored it. Even startling evidence doesn't help, Abraham said. Not even the resurrection of the dead. This is real. The brother of Martha and Mary died, and Jesus raised him from the dead. However, the people did not believe in Jesus and instead plotted to kill him (John 11:1-53). *Jews still refuse to believe in Jesus, even after his *resurrection (Matthew 28:11-15).

*A parable to show the rich *Sadducees that there is life after death. They don't believe this. Also, a person's life after death depends on what he does during his life. The man in the story is guilty, but not because he is rich. Abraham himself was a wealthy man (Genesis 13:2). This man is guilty because he has a selfish attitude. He only thinks of his own satisfaction. It hadn't occurred to him what the poor man needed.

The danger of tempting others to sin *17:1-2

v1Jesus told his *disciples: "Things must happen that take people away from God. But how terrible are they for the one who makes them true!v2It is very serious if someone takes these little things away from God. It would be better if someone threw him into the sea with a millstone around his neck. "

vs 2 A millstone is a heavy stone that turns grain into flour. It has a hole in the middle for people to pour grain between the upper and lower stones. A person with such a stone around his neck is sure to drown.

You need to forgive 17:3-4

v3'Be careful what you do! If your brother offends you, tell him what he did wrong. You might say you're sorry. If he does, you should forgive him.v4I can offend you seven times a day. You have to forgive him when he says "I'm sorry".

Verses 3-4 "walk with caution" could mean "lead no one* to sin" (v. 1). This also means that the *disciple must forgive one's wrongdoing. A *disciple must be willing to forgive them as much as possible. Jesus told Peter to forgive "seventy times seven times" (Matthew 18:21-22). That is, as many times as needed.

*The power of faith 17:5-6

v5*The Apostles said to the *Lord, "Make our *faith more firm".v6*The Lord replied, "If your *faith was as big as a * mustard seed, you would say to the tree, 'Get up from the ground. Plant yourself in the sea.'" The tree would obey you.

vs 5 *Disciples should not drive others away from God. They must also be ready to forgive. It's not easy. It means that the disciples need God's help. They realize it. So, they asked God to help them. They need a firmer faith in the power of God.

Verse 6 *The mustard seed is very small. A tree has strong roots. Jesus used graphic language. Some things seem impossible. But Jesus showed that even a minimal* belief in God can make things possible.

Master and his servant 17:7-10

v7'Suppose there is a servant among you. He is plowing the field or herding sheep. It comes from the field. Don't let him come over for his food right away. Of course not you!v8Instead, you say, "Make my dinner. Get ready to serve me. So wait for me while I eat and drink. After that, you can eat."v9He doesn't praise servants for obeying orders.v10the same as you. When you have completed all your orders, you will say, "We are unworthy servants. We have only done our duty."

vs 7-9 At the end of the day's work, the servant serves his master. Servants just do their job. Thank you, teacher.

vs. 10* Spiritual pride has no place. * The disciple could not expect God to thank him. A *disciple can give God his best service. However, this is nothing more than his duty.

10 *lepers 17:11-19

v11When Jesus traveled to Jerusalem, he walked across the border between Samaria and Galilee.v12-13Jesus was about to enter the city when 10 lepers approached him. They were some distance away from him. They shouted, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!"v14When Jesus saw them, he said, "Go to the priests, and let them examine you." As they went, the leprosy left them.v15Later one of them saw that he was not leprosy. return. He was praising God aloud.v16He fell at Jesus' feet and thanked him. This man was a *Samaritan.v17Jesus said, "I* healed 10 men. Where are the other 9?v18Why only this foreigner came back to thank God?v19Jesus said to him, 'Get up and go. Your faith heals you.

Verses 11-12 Ten men are *leprosy. 9 people are *Jewish. The other was a *Samaritan (v. 16). Jesus is on the border of Samaria and Galilee. * Leprosy patients must live together. They cannot be near other people. They kept the Law of Moses while keeping their distance (Leviticus 13:45-46). That's why they had to call. This was so that Jesus could hear their voices.

vs 13 They begged Jesus to have mercy on them. That means they want him* to heal them.

Verse 14 Jesus didn't touch them. He didn't say he would heal them*. But he told them to go to the priest. Priests had to examine anyone to see if they were cured of their sickness. Those ten men obeyed Jesus. Then they show that they have * faith. They set out to find the priest. Then they realize they're good again.

vs 15-16 Those returning praise God "with a loud voice". I am excited. He wanted everyone to know that Jesus* healed him.

In verses 17-18 Jesus asks two questions. The questions indicated his disappointment. She didn't want men to thank her. But these 9 people did not thank God.

vs 19 These 10 showed *confidence. But the faith of the *Samaritan* made him praise God. Jesus' words meant that the *Samaritan now had a sound mind and a sound body.

*Kingdom of God 17:20-37

v20Some *Pharisees asked Jesus* when the kingdom of God would come. He replied, "*God's kingdom will not come with evidence that no one can see.v21No one is going to say: 'Look, it's here!' or 'That's it!' because *the kingdom of God is within you'.v22Then he said to his *disciples: "The time will come when you will want to see the day of the *Son of Man. But you will not see it.v23There will be people who will tell you, "Look, there!" or "Look, this way!" But don't follow these people.v24When the Son of Man comes, everyone will see him. When lightning flashed across the sky, people could see it clearly. The people will clearly see the *Son of Man.v25But the *Son of Man must suffer many things before he comes again. People of this age will refuse to accept it. "

vs 20 *Both John the Baptist and Jesus taught about* the Kingdom of God. *The Pharisees probably asked this question because of what they heard.

Verse 21 "*the kingdom is in you". *Kingdom is not an event. *The Kingdom is an inner experience that changes one's character. * "in" in Greek also means "between". *The Kingdom exists "in" them. *The Pharisees are looking for a *Kingdom. But King Jesus was already among them.

vs 22 Later, *the disciples would remember the time Jesus was with them. They wish they were with him again. However, they will look forward to the day he returns to Earth. Jesus probably meant that. They won't see any evidence that he's coming. He will come when they don't expect it.

vs 23 Men will *prophesy *wrongly* when the kingdom will come. * Disciples should not believe them.

vs 24 *When the Son of Man comes, everyone will see him. People will see it as clearly as lightning across the sky.

vs 25 But *the Son of Man "must" suffer before he returns. Jesus knew he was going to die. He knew it was God's will.

v26'Until *the Son of Man comes again, the world will be like this. It will be the same as it was in the days of Noah.v27They all continued to eat and drink. Married men and women. They continued to do these things until the day Noah entered the *ark. The flood came and drowned them all.v28Such was the world in Lot's day. Everyone continued to eat and drink. They are buying and selling. They are being planted and built.v29On the day Lot left Sodom, fire and brimstone fell from the sky. He destroyed everyone in Sodom.v30This is how the world will be the day the *Son of Man appears in *glory.

vs 26-27 In the days of Noah, people lived ordinary lives. There is nothing wrong with these particular activities. But people only think about their normal lives. They ignored Noah. The flood came when they didn't expect it. They thought it was impossible.

vs 28-29 In Lot's day, the same normal daily life continued. The people of Sodom ignored Lot's teaching. Or how good he is. They did not think of God or his judgment until the fire came down from heaven. Fire destroyed their cities (Genesis 19:23-25).

Section 29 Sulfur is a yellow substance. It emits intense heat and an unpleasant smell when it burns.

vs 30 These two examples show that Jesus would suddenly return to earth. People only think about their ordinary lives.

v31‘On that day, no one who is on your roof should enter the house. You can't get your property. Whoever is in the field, do not return to his house.v32Remember Lot's wife!v33Whoever tries to save his own life loses it. People who lose their lives save lives.v34There will be two people sleeping in the same bed that night. I'll take one and leave the other behind.v35The two women would be together while the flour was being prepared. I would take one woman away from another.v36Two men will work in the fields. I'll take one away from the other. "v37*The disciples asked, "Where, *Lord?" Jesus said, "There are birds eating meat. Where there are dead bodies, there are birds gathering."

Verses 31-32 When Jesus returns to earth, no one can escape. But these verses speak of a bad event that one can get away with. So it probably refers to the time when* the Romans attacked Jerusalem 40 years later. When this happens, Christians must flee as quickly as possible. They must come down from the roof of your house. But they shouldn't even come into your house. Alternatively, they may be in your field. So they shouldn't go home before escaping. Lot's wife looked back as she fled Sodom. He looks forward to what he leaves behind. She is late. So, when the fire consumed Sodom, she died (Genesis 19:26).

Verse 33 Jesus already talked about how to save or lose a life (Luke 9:24). Selfish people are only interested in their own lives in this world. But when *the Son of Man returns, he will lose it. But Christians who give their lives to God and to other people in this world will save it in Heaven.

vs 34-35 Jesus may return at night when two people sleep in the same bed. It dates back to the days when the two worked together. Jesus will take those who believe in him to heaven. The other will be left behind and God will judge them. Everyone's attitude toward Jesus will determine what happens to him.

In verse 37 Jesus used a common saying. He did not answer questions about where he would return. Judgment will surely come where there is *spiritually dead. Likewise, large birds of prey will always find dead animals.

Two* Parables of Prayer 18:1-14

1 The widow and the judge 18:1-8

v1Jesus told his *disciples a *parable. This shows that they should keep praying. They cannot give up.v2"In a certain town, there is a judge who does not respect God's law. Besides, he does not care about people's rights or opinions.v3There was a widow in that town who kept going to the judge. Someone wronged her. She wants the judge to give her the right sentence for that person.v4For a long time, the judge refused to do anything. In the end he thought: "I have no respect for God. I don't care what people think. But I make sure she will get her rights."v5She caused me a lot of trouble. If I don't help her, she will keep coming to me. She will wear me out! 'v6*The Lord said: Hear what the unjust judges say.v7God will save his own people who have been turning to him for help. He will not help them for long.v8I tell you this. He will make sure they get a fair outcome. He will do it quickly. *The Son of Man will return. But you won't find many people who have faith in him.

vs 2 The judge may be Herod or a Gentile official appointed by the *Romans. He's a judge who wants money. People called them "robber judges". *The Jewish court has three judges. This makes fair decisions more likely.

vs 3 Widows are helpless (Malachi 3:5). She has no friends who can convince a judge to act for her. He has no money to encourage a judge to respond to his petition.

Sections 4-5 The judge finally answered him. It's not because it's his job. He is losing patience because she keeps coming to him.

vs. 7-8 God is distinct from the unjust judge. God is not impatient. At times he seemed to delay answering the prayers of his people. But he'll make sure they get the right judgement. This may not happen when people want it. God knows when to answer your prayers. Jesus will return to Earth one day. He wondered if he would ever find someone loyal to him. He wondered how many people would continue to pray.

2. *Pharisees and *tax collectors 18:9-14

v9Some people are sure of their own goodness. They think everyone else is bad. So Jesus told them this *parable too.v10"Once upon a time there were two men. They went to the *temple to pray. One was a *Pharisee, and the other was a *tax collector.v11*The Pharisee was alone when he prayed. He said: "I thank you, God, that I'm not like other people. I'm not greedy or unfair. I don't have sex with other men's wives. I'm grateful that I'm not like that *taxman over there.v12I don't eat twice a week. I give you a tenth of all my income. "v13But the tax collectors kept their distance. He didn't even dare to look up at the sky. But beat his chest and said: "God, have mercy on me! I'm so bad!"'v14Jesus said, 'I tell you this. When the tax collector came home, God forgave him. But God did not spare the Pharisees. If someone thinks they are important, God will humble them. God will forgive anyone who has low self-esteem. "

Section 10 People go to the *temple courtyard for private prayers. *The Pharisee stood up. *Jews usually stand when they pray.

Verses 11-12 * The Pharisee reports to God the bad things he has not done. Then he talks about some *religious practices that are not required by law. The Torah tells every *Jew* to fast on a special day* they call the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:29). * Pharisees * Fast twice a week, Monday and Thursday. The Law commanded the people to give a tenth of oil, grain, and *wine to the *Levites (Deuteronomy 14:22-29). Pharisees did more than that. He even donated a tenth of the small plants in the garden. He compares himself to a tax collector. The Pharisees thought he was praying. But really, he was praising himself. He uses the word "I" many times because he is only interested in himself. He compared himself to others. It should be on par with a holy God.

vs 13 *The tax collector bowed his head. He kept hitting himself to show how sorry he was. He knew he was a *sinner. He knew he needed God to forgive him.

vs 14 No one can boast before God. The men returned home, but only the tax collectors pleased God. He has been very humble, asking God to forgive him. A person's attitude matters to God.

Jesus and the children 18:15-17

v15Some brought their babies to Jesus and had him lay his hands on them. *The disciples told them not to bother Jesus.v16But Jesus called the little ones and said to them, Let the little ones come to me. Don't stop them. People like children belong to the kingdom of *God.v17Remember this! You will never enter *God's kingdom unless you enter as a child. "

In verse 15 Jesus probably puts his hands on the children's heads. He bestowed their blessings in this way. *Disciples protest. They probably thought Jesus was too busy and tired. Jesus is helping and teaching adults. *Disciples think children are not that important.

Section 16-17 Children trust and trust people. They happily accept gifts. The only people who are in God's kingdom are those who believe and accept that He is in charge of their lives.

Rich Young Officer 18:18-30

v18A *Jewish ruler asked Jesus, "Teacher, what must I do to gain *eternal life?"v19Jesus asked him: Why do you call me good? Only God is good.v20You already know the commandments: "Do not have sex with anyone but your wife. Do not kill. Do not steal. Do not lie to someone. Respect your father and mother."v21The man replied, "I have kept these *commandments since I was a child."v22When Jesus heard this, he said to him, 'There is one more thing you must do. Sell ​​everything you own and give the money to the poor. Then you will have wealth in heaven. Then come back and be my 'disciple'.v23But when the man heard this, he became very sad. That's because he is rich.v24Seeing that he was sad, Jesus said, "It is very difficult for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God."v25It is very difficult for a camel to pass through a pinhole. It is even more difficult for rich people to enter the 'Kingdom of God'.v26Everyone heard it and said: If it is true, who can God save?v27Jesus replied, "What is impossible with man, God can do."v28Then Peter said, 'Look! We have left our homes to follow you."v29"Yes," Jesus told them. 'I am telling the truth. If someone leaves his family to become my disciple, he will receive more from God.v30You will get more in this life, and you will get "eternal life" in the "life to come".

vs 18 This man was the leader of the *Jews. He may have been the ruler of the *synagogue. Matthew tells us that he is still young (Matthew 19:22). The ruler used the word "master" because he respected Jesus. He thought he had to do something to make a living with God after death.

Verse 19 Jesus asked why the rulers called him "good." Jesus did not deny that he was good. Instead, he was reminding the ruler that only God is perfect. So if the ruler meant that Jesus was good, then he was saying something very important. Furthermore, *eternal life is life with God who is absolutely good. A ruler cannot be as good as a god. So the ruler should be asking *God for mercy, not how he gets *eternal life as a reward.

v. 20 The ruler asks what he should do. Jesus then mentioned the five *commandments. These speak of a person's responsibilities to other people. Jesus omits the *commandment about duty to God.

In verse 21 Jesus mentioned five *commandments. The ruler believed he had obeyed the five men. He obeyed them all his life.

vs 22 Jesus knew that a man's wealth separates him from God. He believed his own wealth was better than God's *mercy. Jesus promised his riches in heaven, which is *eternal life. But you can't let possessions take the top spot in your life.

Verses 24-25 Jesus is sad to see the rulers. Jesus said it was difficult for rich people to accept God as their King. “It’s hard for a camel to go through a pinhole.” Writers explain what that means in three different ways:

1 A heavy-laden camel cannot enter the city through very narrow gates. A person who is "burdened" with wealth cannot enter the kingdom of *.

2 *The Greek word for camel is similar to the word for a very thick rope. The thread cannot go through the pinhole.

3 This is the most likely explanation. Jesus used a phrase that meant the impossible. *Jews have similar things to say about elephants.

vs 26 Those who heard it were astonished. They considered wealth to be *evidence* of God's blessing. However, Jesus said that being rich is hard. So one wonders if it's possible for others.

vs 27 God is *merciful, and *miraculous. He can *save those who cannot* save themselves.

In verse 28 Peter says that he and the other *disciples have left everything behind. So he thinks they must get some reward, either on earth or in heaven.

Verses 29-30 Jesus replied that God's rewards always far outweigh the service to him. If *disciples had to leave their own family, they still belonged to God's greater family. They will have eternal life with God.

Jesus speaks of his death for the third time 18,31-34

v31Jesus speaks privately to the 12 * Apostles. 'listen! We are going to Jerusalem. All that the *prophets have written* about the Son of Man will be fulfilled.v32They will hand him over to the Gentiles. * Gentiles will laugh at him. They would insult him and spit on him.v33They will whip him and kill him. But three days later he would get up again.v34But *the disciples knew nothing about it. They didn't understand what he meant. They didn't know what Jesus was talking about.

v 31 What happens in Jerusalem will be part of God's plan.

Verses 32-33 This is the first time Jesus speaks of the Gentiles. It refers to the way they kill people. They were scourged before* being crucified. But it's not a failure for Jesus, because he will be resurrected.

In verse 34 Jesus spoke of dying in order to live (Luke 17:33). *The apostles probably thought he was talking about that again. They didn't understand what Jesus meant. Until he came back from the dead.

Jesus* heals a poor blind man 18:35-43

v35Jesus approached the city of Jericho. There was a blind man sitting by the side of the road. He asks people for money.v36When he heard the crowd passing by, he asked, "What's the matter?"v37"Jesus of Nazareth comes," they told him.v38He cried out, "Jesus, *Son of David, have mercy on me!"v39Someone at the front of the crowd told him to shut up. But he shouted louder: "Son of David, have mercy on me!"v40Then Jesus stopped and commanded, "Bring the blind man." As the blind man approached, Jesus asked him:v41"What do you want me to do for you?" "*Lord," he replied, "I wish I could see."v42Jesus said to him: Restore your sight! Your faith heals you.v43The man can see it right away. He followed Jesus and thanked God. When everyone saw this, they all praised God.

Mark 10:46 says that the name of the blind man was Bartimaeus.

Section 35 Jericho was the main city about 15 miles (24 km) from Jerusalem. Jesus and his *Apostles are on their last leg to Jerusalem, where Jesus will die.

vs. 36 The crowd included those who went to Jerusalem for *Passover. As a result, blind people hear more people passing by than usual.

vs 37-38 Many believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the *Messiah. The blind man must have heard. He called Jesus '*Son of David". This is one of the names of the *Messiah. Jesus didn't say it was wrong to call him that.

vs. 39 They tell the man to stop shouting. They couldn't hear Jesus when he cried. Maybe they thought he just wanted money. He also postponed a trip to Jerusalem. They are selfish and impatient.

Verses 40-41 Jesus asks the blind man what he wants. Jesus knew this man wanted more than money. But the person has to express his own needs. God knows what we need. But he wants us to tell him.

vs 42 Sometimes Jesus touched the blind and healed them (Mark 8:22-25; John 9:1-7). This time Jesus was just talking. The man had no doubt that Jesus could let him see. People try to stop this guy. But he continued to ask Jesus to help him. The man's *faith* healed him.

vs 43 The man could see right away. He became a disciple of Jesus. He started thanking God for what Jesus had done for him. The crowd joined in and also praised God.

Jesus and Zacchaeus 19:1-10

v1Jesus is walking through the city of Jericho.v2The chief *tax collector there was Zacchaeus. He is very rich.v3He wanted to see who Jesus was. But Zacchaeus was short and couldn't see the crowd.v4So he ran ahead of the crowd and climbed a tree. Jesus is going to pass.v5When Jesus got to that place, he looked up. He said to Zacchaeus, "Hurry up, Zacchaeus, because I have to stay at your house today."v6Zacchaeus hastened down, and received him with great joy.v7Everyone starts complaining. 'This Zacchaeus is a *sinner! But Jesus went to his house as a guest!v8Zacchaeus stood up and said to Jesus, "Listen, Lord! I will give half of my fortune to the poor. If I cheat someone, I will give back 4 times the money.v9Jesus said to him, "God's salvation has come to this house today. Because this man is also the real * descendant of Abraham.v10*The Son of Man came to seek and *save the lost.

vs 1 Jericho was a rich and important city. It is close to major trade routes. It is about 17 miles (27 kilometers) from Jerusalem.

vs. 2 Zacchaeus was the head of the tax district of Jericho*. It won't catch on. He worked for the Romans and got rich from his work.

vs 3-4 He heard that Jesus was a friend of the tax collector. Zacchaeus was a lonely man, so he wanted to meet Jesus. He was short, but the crowd wouldn't let him pass. Therefore, he forgot his important official position. He climbed a tree by the side of the road. The tree is a tree with a short trunk and broad branches. He can easily climb up.

Verses 5-6 Jesus did not ask to stay with Zacchaeus. He said he "had to" be with him. It's part of his work for God.

vs 7 Everyone calls Zacchaeus "a *sinner." They thought Jesus should not come into their house.

vs 8 Zacchaeus stood up because he was about to make an important statement. Jesus' visit changed his attitude towards wealth. He will donate half of his fortune to the poor. As a *tax collector, he took money from too many people. He promised to return 4 times the amount he took. This goes far beyond what the Law of Moses stipulated. The law required the original amount plus one-fifth (Leviticus 6:5).

In verse 9 Jesus said that Zacchaeus was not only a physical descendant of Abraham*. By his *faith, he was the true* spiritual son of Abraham (Galatians 3:7). Your whole family will benefit.

Verse 10 Jesus came into the world looking for those who turned away from God. He's come to save them.

*The parable of the gold coin 19:11-27

v11The people heard what Jesus said. Now he is very close to Jerusalem. That's why they believe *the Kingdom of God is coming. Then Jesus told them this *parable.v12He said: 'Once upon a time there was a prince who wanted to go to a far country to receive the kingship. Then he was going to go home.v13Before leaving, he called 10 servants. He gave them each a gold coin. He told them, "Trade these gold coins while I'm away."

v14His citizens hate him. So they sent a message saying, "We don't want this man to rule us."v15But he gained real power and returned. He ordered his servants to come to him. He wondered how much they won.v16The first one came over and said, "Sir, your gold coin earned another 10 gold coins."v17"Good job," he said. "You are a good servant. For you will be faithful in one small matter and you will rule over ten cities."v18The second servant came over and said, "Your gold coin earned 5 more gold coins."v19He said to him: "You will rule 5 cities."v20Another servant came up and said, "Here is your gold coin, sir. I have kept it safe in a piece of cloth.v21I am afraid of you because you are a strict man. You take what doesn't belong to you. You get what you don't pay for. "v22he told her. "You're a bad servant! You know I'm a hard man. I take what doesn't belong to me. I get something for which I don't pay.v23Why don't you put my money in the bank? When he returns, he will receive coins. And he will receive the extra money he earns. "v24Then he said to those who were there: Take the coins from him. to the servant who has ten copper coins. "v25But they told him: "Sir, you already have 10 coins!"v26"I tell you," he replied, "whatever has, will have more. A man may have nothing. But God will take what little he has.v27These enemies of mine do not want me to be their king. So kill them all in front of me. "

vs 11 In this *parable, Jesus used actual events that happened in his day. Herod the Great was the king of Judea. He said that after his death his son Archelaus would become king. After Herod's death, Archelaus went to *Rome. He asked *Emperor to make him king. Archelaus was a very cruel man. So 50 *Jews traveled to *Rome to oppose their claim. His protest was unsuccessful. Archelaus returned to Judea, although he could not call himself "king".

Jesus used these events to talk about himself. *The main purpose of the fable is to correct *the belief that the kingdom is coming. He also warns his *followers to stay true to his service until his return.

vs 12 After his death, Jesus will go to heaven to receive the glory of God. There will be a long gap between his death and his return to Earth. The phrase "distant country" suggests this. Matthew emphasizes the long time before Jesus returned to Earth. The bridegroom was "delayed" in the parable of the ten virgins (Matthew 25:5).

vs 13 Servants Christians are everywhere today. It is their responsibility to use all the gifts God has given them. They are especially gifted with the good news of Jesus. It's like a gold coin that God gave to everyone. They should use this gift to tell others the good news.

verse 14 Citizens are the *Jews of Jesus' day and all those who opposed Jesus.

Verse 15 Jesus will return to earth. He would then expect his disciples to explain his work to him.

Verses 16-19 One's reward for loyal service is not to evade service. Instead, you will be blessed with greater responsibility.

Verses 20-21 The lazy servant makes the excuse that he is afraid of his master. He is a strict man who expects to profit from the work of others. The servant returned the gold coins, but they were not used. She put it in a piece of cloth for safekeeping.

Verses 22-23 The servant thinks the master is too strict. Therefore, the servant should have been more careful. He could have put the money in the bank to make some extra money.

Section 25 People protest. They may be the ones listening to the story. Perhaps they were so interested that they interrupted Jesus.

In verse 26 Jesus expresses an important principle that applies to all areas of life. Exercise builds your body. If a person does not use it, a part of the body becomes useless. Those who use their gifts will find their gifts increased. Some people do not use God-given gifts. They will lose them.

vs 27 Some people are against Jesus. When he returns to Earth, he will judge those people.

Jesus' actual entry into Jerusalem 19:28-40

Jesus had an elaborate plan to show everyone that he was the *Messiah. He showed great courage when he decided to enter Jerusalem on horseback. *Religious leaders have plotted to kill him (John 11:50). But the *Jews didn't expect a *Messiah like Jesus. They wanted him to drive the *Romans out. Kings would ride into battle. But Jesus chose to ride a donkey. He did this to fulfill the words of Zechariah 9:9-10. Kings ride their donkeys in times of peace. Jesus is not a military hero; he is a king who brings peace.

v28After Jesus finished this parable of the *gold coins, he continued on to Jerusalem.v29As he approached the villages of Bethphage and Bethany on the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples ahead.v30He told them: 'Go to the next town. There you will find a little donkey that has never been ridden. Unpack and bring here.v31One might ask why you want to undo it. Tell him Master needs him.v32They moved on. They found everything Jesus told them.v33When they demolished the burrito, the owner said to them, "Why are you demolishing it?"v34"The master needs it," they replied.v35So they led the donkey to Jesus. Then they put the mantle over the animal's back and helped Jesus mount it.v36While riding, people put their clothes on the road.v37Jesus approached Jerusalem, where the road leads to *the Mount of Olives. Then his disciples in great numbers began to thank God, and to praise him aloud for all the great deeds which they had seen.v38'God *bless' the king who comes in the name of *the Lord! Peace in Heaven, *Glory be to God!v39Several Pharisees in the crowd spoke to Jesus. "Teacher," they said, "order your disciples to be quiet!"v40Jesus replied, 'I tell you. If they shut up, the stones start screaming.

v.29 Bethany was a town about two miles (three kilometers) from Jerusalem. Bethphage is near Bethany.

Verses 30-31 A young donkey that no one has ever ridden is fit for sacred or royal purposes. Jesus probably had friends with whom he made such an arrangement. *The word the disciple must use (“*the Lord needs it”) is evidence of the owner. They will know that the disciples did not steal animals.

vs. 35-36 *The tunics of the disciples serve as the saddles for the *donkeys. The gowns worn by the crowds on the way acted as carpets for the royal procession. Luke doesn't mention the branches people put on the road (Matthew 21:8). Nor is it said that people came out of Jerusalem to welcome him (John 12:12).

vs 37 The road to Jerusalem goes along the foot of a hill with many olive trees. People extract the oil from the fruit of the organic olive tree.

Verse 38 The crowd uses words from Psalm 118:26. When the people entered Jerusalem, the priests* would bless them with these words. Luke added the word "king". "*bless the king" instead of "*bless him". 'In the name of the Lord'. This means that Jesus came as God's servant, with His authority and power. "Peace in heaven" means that God has won the war against the evil forces. The other three *Gospels use the *Jewish word "Hosanna" to praise God. Lucas says "*Glory be to God" as a cry of praise.

Verse 39 *The Pharisees feared that the *Romans would understand the behavior of the crowd. Then *the Romans could punish Jesus and the whole nation. People are welcoming their *Messiah. *The Pharisees could not stop the cries of the crowd. So, they begged Jesus to tell them to be quiet.

Section 40 Nothing stops the crowd. Jesus used one word to demonstrate this. It's just that they should *praise God. All that God created will praise him.

Jesus weeps over Jerusalem 19:41-44

v41Jesus approached the city. When she saw him, she cried.v42He said: "Today, your people don't know what will bring them peace. Now you can't see it!v43One day your enemies will erect a wall of earth and attack you. The army will completely surround you. Your people will not be able to enter or leave the city.v44The army will destroy you completely. They will kill all of your people. They don't leave a stone in place. You don't realize that God is *coming* to save you. That's why it all happens. "

Verse 41 Jesus will pass through the Kidron Valley. Then he went to the *Mount of Olives, which had a great view of Jerusalem. Jesus saw the city from there.

Verse 42 Jesus spoke as if the city were a man. He cried because the people of the city did not accept him as king. They wanted a king to fight the *Romans. They don't want Jesus the Prince of Peace. This choice will lead to war and great suffering for the people.

vs 43 In case of war, *the Romans will completely destroy Jerusalem. Jesus knew this would happen. 40 years later it came true. *The Romans besieged Jerusalem. No one can escape or enter the city. Many people starved to death during this time.

Verse 44 Josephus was the *Jew of his time. He wrote a book called *The Story of the Jewish War. He said: "When the *Romans took Jerusalem, they killed all the inhabitants, young and old. Titus (a leader) ordered his soldiers to completely destroy the city. Future visitors will not believe that the city was ever There." All this happened because the *Jewshad rejected the Son of God. They rejected God's plan for their salvation.

Jesus drives merchants out of *temple 19:45-48

v45Jesus then entered the *temple. He proceeded to drive the merchants out of the Temple of God.v46He told them, "*The Bible says, 'My house will be a house of prayer.'" But you've made it a place where thieves can hide. "v47Jesus taught daily in the holy temple. The chief priests, the law-master of Moses, and some important citizens wanted to kill him.v48But they couldn't find a way to do this. This is because all people are eager to hear every word Jesus has to say.

vs. 45 *In one part of the temple, the merchants set up their stalls. *Sacrificial animals must be perfect. One can buy them cheaper in cities. But it is safer to buy in *Temple. Here, the merchant says that these animals are perfect. One has to pay *annual temple tax in special coins. There are stalls where people can exchange money for special coins. The money changer charges too much. All these offices belonged to the family of the high priest.

Verse 46 God has said* that the temple will be a place of prayer (Isaiah 56:7). Jesus was angry because it turned into a noisy market. It is impossible to pray there. Merchants and men who change money are liars. They made huge profits for themselves. Jesus was also angry about this. He repeated the words of Jeremiah 7:11. Jeremiah describes the *temple as "a place where robbers can hide."

vs 47 Jesus continues to teach in the *temple courtyard. The *religious leaders wanted to kill him for his actions in the *temple. But there is nothing they can do. Many people wanted to hear what Jesus had to say. Therefore, it is impossible for the leader to arrest him.

Questions about Jesus' authority 20:1-8

v1One day Jesus was in the *temple. He is teaching people and proclaiming good news. The chief priests, scribes, and other leaders came to him.v2They said to him: Tell us, what right do you have to do these things? Who gave you this permission?v3Jesus answered them: I also ask you a question.v4Did John have the authority to baptize from heaven or from man?v5They started discussing the issue together. What shall we say? If we say "from heaven," he'll say, "Why don't you believe in John?"v6But if we say "people," people here will throw stones at us and try to kill us. Because they were convinced that John was a "prophet."v7So they replied, "We don't know where John's authority comes from."v8Jesus said to them, "Then I will not tell you by what authority I do these things."

Verses 1-2 Jesus disrupts *temple commerce. *Religious leaders send an official panel of *Jewish rulers to scrutinize their authority. They are members of the "Super Guild". They want Jesus to give wrong answers to their questions. If Jesus said, "Come from heaven," then they could accuse him of *blasphemy*. If he had said "human", Jesus might have clashed with the *Romans.

In verses 3-4 Jesus did not answer them directly. Instead, he asked them a question about the authority of John the Baptist.

Verses 5-6 This question *religious leaders cannot answer. Although John was popular among the public, *religious leaders refused to accept him. They did not have the courage to say that John was a true *prophet. Jesus could then ask why John was not believed. They fear the power of crowds. Many ordinary people do not believe in Juan. So the leaders could not deny that John's authority was from God.

In verse 8 John says he is preparing the way for the *Messiah. They couldn't honestly answer questions about Juan. Therefore, Jesus did not answer his question.

*The Parable of the Vineyarder 20:9-18

v9Then Jesus told the people this *parable: "Once upon a time there was a man who planted a *vineyard. He put some men to tend the *vineyard. Then he left his house for a long time.v10At harvest time, he sent his servants to collect the master's share. But *the lodger attacked the servant and drove him away for nothing.v11So the master sent another servant. But the peasants also attacked him and abused him. They fired him for nothing.v12So the master sent a third slave. *The tenant also beat him badly and threw him out.v13*The owner of the vineyard said, "What shall I do? I will send my only son whom I love. They will respect you!"v14When the tenants saw him, they said to each other, "This is the son. Let us kill him and we will have what he deserved after his father died."v15So they threw him out of *the vineyard and killed him. So what does a landlord do to a *tenant? asked Jesus.v16He will come and kill those people. He will give *vineyards to other *workers. When people hear that, they say, "Maybe that never happens!"v17Jesus looked at them fixedly and said, "Then what does this *Scripture mean: "The builders decided not to use stones. But it has become the most important stone of this building"?v18That rock will slice anyone who falls on it to pieces. Whoever it falls on will turn to dust. "

Verse 9 *The vineyard is *the graphic language of the nation of Israel (Isaiah 5:1-2). God is* the owner of the vineyard. He puts the responsibility on the *Jews, who are the *tenants of the story.

vs. 10-12 The servant who goes to harvest is like a *prophet. God sent them to remind *Israel that he was asking for the "fruit" of a good life. The rulers of *Israel did not notice and made the *prophets suffer. For example, they insulted Amos (Amos 7:12). They beat Jeremiah and put him in prison (Jeremiah 37:15). They killed Zechariah (2 Chronicles 24:20-21). God has shown great patience when sending *prophets. He gave *Israel every chance to do the right thing.

vs 13-15 Finally, God sent His beloved Son. These words to Jesus appear in the story of his *baptism (Luke 3:22). They show that Jesus was more than just a *prophet. He is the *Messiah. The "tenant" murdered his son. This shows that Jesus knew what was going to happen to him.

Verse 16 *The tenants think the landlord has gone too far, but he comes back to punish them. God, as owner, will punish *Israel. Then he will give the church * the status that Israel enjoyed. Those who listened were stunned. God bless! they said. These words are very strong. They hope God never lets it happen.

vs 17 Then Jesus reminded them of the words of Psalm 118:22. Like a rock. *Jews are like construction workers. The Jews refused to accept Jesus. However, it will be the most important stone. This stone is likely to be a special 'cornerstone'. It connects the two walls at the base of the building. He reinforced the whole building. Or it could be the special stone that connects the two parts at the top of the building. Jesus will be the "foundation" of the Christian Church. He will make it strong. Peter used these words to describe Jesus (Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:7).

In verse 18 Jesus spoke of the fate of those who opposed him. He used words from Isaiah 8:14-15. Isaiah speaks of a stone against which people stumble. The image is also similar to that of Daniel 2:34-35. There, a stone destroyed the pattern in the king's dream. Turned into dust and carried away by the wind.

Questions about paying taxes to Caesar 20:19-26

v19The scribes and chief priests wanted to arrest Jesus immediately. They knew Jesus was using this * parable against them. But they are afraid of people.v20So they look for opportunities. Some were hired to come to Jesus. They pretend their questions are sincere. But they tried to get him to say bad things. They could then hand him over to the power and authority of the *Roman rulers.v21These men said to Jesus, "Master, we know that what you say and teach is true. We know that you have no favorite. You always teach the truth about what God wants.v22Tell us, is it against our laws to pay taxes to the *Roman Emperor?v23But Jesus carried out his evil plan. He told them,v24Give me a coin. Whose name and face is this? "It belongs to the Emperor," they replied.v25Then Jesus said: 'Then give back to the *Emperor what belongs to the *Emperor. Pay God what is God's. "v26There, in public, they couldn't make him give the wrong answer. His answer surprised them so much that they were speechless.

vs. 19-20 *Religious leaders do not directly question Jesus' authority. They are afraid of crowds. This again thwarted his plan to arrest Jesus. They fear for their safety. If the crowd disturbed the peace, *the Romans would be in trouble.

vs 20 They pay people to ask questions. They pretended to ask him to answer a real question. Any answer Jesus gave would get him into trouble.

vs 21 First, they wanted to praise Jesus' teaching.

Section 22 Every *Jew must pay a *personal tax to the *Romans every year. Not a lot of money, but *Jews hate it. This shows that they are not a free country. Some *Jews thought they shouldn't be paying taxes to the *Romans. They thought it was a violation of God's law. Judas of Galilee led a protest against this *tax (Acts 5:37).

vs 23 Perhaps Jesus would say that *Jews should not pay taxes. Then I'll have a problem with the *Romans. Maybe I'd say they should pay for it. Then I would lose a lot of support. I will have trouble with people.

Verse 24 The coin Jesus asked for was "silver coins". Equivalent to one day's wages. The coin will show the head of Tiberius, the super emperor at the time. His name was written on one side.

In verse 25 Jesus says they are using *Emperor's coins. Therefore, they had to pay *Emperor's tax. They benefit from the state. * The Romans built good roads. They maintain order and build peaceful societies. *Jews should be prepared to pay for what the state has done for them. But they must give God a commensurate love and service. If there is a difference between duty to God and duty to government, God must come first. Peter stated this principle. He said, "He ought to obey God rather than men" (Acts 5:29).

Questions about *resurrection 20:27-40

v27Then some *Sadducees approached Jesus. They say people don't get up when they die. they said,v28"Master, Moses wrote this law for us: 'If a man dies and his wife is barren, his brothers shall marry a widow. Then they may have children. People will think that these are the sons of the dead. "v29Once upon a time there were 7 brothers. The eldest is married and has no children.v30Then the second married the woman,v31And then the third. The same thing happened to 7 people. They die childless.v32In the end the woman died.v33Whose wife will she be now, in the day when the dead are raised? 7 married her.v34Jesus answered them, "A man and a woman are married in this life.v35But they will not marry in the afterlife. Good men and women will be part of the times to come. They will rise from the dead.v36They will be like super angels. They can no longer die. They are children of God because they rose from the dead.v37Moses testifies that God raises the dead. In the burning bush he calls *the Lord the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.v38He is the God of the living, not of the dead. Because all live for him.v39Some mages declared: "Your answer is very good, Master."v40They dared not ask him any more questions.

vs 27 Most *Sadducees were priests. They do not believe that the dead will *resurrect. They do not believe in *angels (Acts 23:8). Also, they only accept *the first five books of the Old Testament. They do not accept *the traditions of the Pharisees. But they were not opposed to the *Roman government of their country.

vs 28 The law of Deuteronomy 25:5-6 implies that brothers or close relatives should marry widows. When a child is born in a second marriage, the deceased person's name and family can continue.

vs. 29-33 This story was invented by the *Sadducees. They were probably thinking two things: If Jesus couldn't answer their questions, they were going to make fun of him. At the same time, they tried to make the *Pharisees' belief in the *resurrection seem absurd.

In verses 34-36 Jesus explained that life in heaven is different from life on earth. There is no marriage because there is no more death. People don't have children to continue their families. They will be like super immortal angels. They will be the most spiritual beings and part of God's family in heaven.

vs 37 Jesus then used a passage from one of the books that the *Sadducees accepted. This is the incident about Moses seeing the burning bush. God spoke to him from a bush (Exodus 3:1-6).

Verse 38 God says, "I am" (not "I was") the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. So he means they're still alive, with him. The bodies of these people are long dead. But he is not the god of the dead. He is the God of the living.

Verse 38 "To him all things are alive." True life is a relationship with God. The relationship doesn't end when a person dies.

Verses 39-40 The scribe is satisfied with Jesus' answer. They disagree with the *Sadducees on the *resurrection. But the *Sadducees could not make it seem foolish to believe in a *resurrection. *The Sadducees were afraid to ask Jesus any more questions.

Questions about *Messiah 20:41-44

v41Jesus asked them, "Why do people say that the Messiah will be the son of David?v42-43For David himself said in the Psalms, "The *Lord said unto my *Lord: Sit at my right hand. Till the day I finally defeat your enemies."v44David called him "*Lord". So how could the Messiah be the son of David?

Verse 41 Jesus did not deny that he was a descendant of David. The blind man gave him this title (Luke 18:38). Luke records promises to Zechariah and Mary. Jesus would be King of the House of David (Luke 1:32,69). But Jesus wanted to show what the title "*Son of David" meant to the *Messiah. It was thought that he would be a warrior like David, and also a king. He will defeat the *Romans and other nations. This will make *Israel a great political nation.

Psalm 42-43 Psalm 110 describes the *Messiah. In verse 1, David calls the *Lord "my *Lord". God invites the *Messiah to the land of honor until all his enemies are defeated. An enemy had to lie on the ground. Whoever beats him can put his foot on his neck. There was an example of this practice in the time of Joshua (Joshua 10:24). For the *Messiah, this meant that God would defeat his enemies. God will make them look humble.

In verse 44 Jesus is correcting misconceptions about the *Messiah. He is older than David. He is David's "Lord." *Messiah is not a military hero. He is a king whose people will love him. They will be happy to follow you.

Jesus warns against the scribes 20:45-47

v45When all the people were listening to him, Jesus said to his *disciples:v46'Beware of the lawyers. They like to wear long clothes. They like people to greet them with respect at the market. They choose the best seats in the *synagogues and the best places at the party.v47They take away widows' property. Then they hide what they do. They speak very long sentences. God will punish them more severely!

vs 46 Jesus did not protect *disciples from these teachers. He warned them not to gloat like they did.

vs 47 All teachers of God's truth must strive to support themselves. They should not be charged for teaching. But these teachers want more money. They cheated poor widows who couldn't defend themselves. So the teachers try to hide what they're doing. They say a long prayer, which makes them look *very* religious. But god knows what they did. Surely he will punish them.

*Widow's Sacrifice 21:1-4

v1Jesus looked up at the rich man. They dropped the money in the chest of the * shrine.v2He also saw a poor widow drop two copper coins.v3He said, 'I tell you; this poor widow puts in more than anyone else.v4Because others provided what was left of all their possessions. But she is poor. He gave everything to survive.

Verse 1 In the Court of the Women in the *Temple, there are 13 chests. Priests used these boxes to collect money from people

vs 2 The widow's two coins were the smallest coins. They are of little value. His gifts, however, were more generous than those of the big spenders. They paid for what they could easily afford. They still have a lot of money.

This happened after the lawyers. It clearly shows the difference between a sincere person and a *hypocrite.

Jesus says people will destroy Jerusalem 21:5-6

v5Some people are talking about *Temple. They talked of its beautiful gem and the wonderful gifts it contained. Jesus said,v6You can see it all now. But there will be a day when no effort will be spared. Men will knock them all down. "

vs 5 *The Temple was a magnificent building. The cornerstone (cornerstone) is big. Gold covers most of the walls. People, including King Herod, gave gifts that made the holy temple more beautiful.

vs 6 Jesus knew that the *Romans would completely destroy Jerusalem. The idea that anyone can destroy *God's Temple is *blasphemy to the *Jews. But Jesus' words were fulfilled 40 years later. *The place where the temple was was turned into a field. Men can plow.

Difficulties in the future 21:7-19

Jesus answered a question. He talked about evidence of the end of the world. When will I be back? He also warned them what would happen when the army attacked Jerusalem.

v7Someone asked: 'Master, when is this? How do we know what to expect?v8Jesus said, 'Be careful! Don't let men make you believe what they say about you. Many will say, "I am the *Messiah!" and "The end is here!" but don't follow them.v9Don't be afraid when you hear about wars and revolutions. These things have to happen first. But the end won't be immediate.v10Then he said to them: 'Countries will fight each other. *Kingdoms will attack each other.v11The earth will shake violently. In many places, people would starve to death. They will suffer from terrible diseases. There will be strange and terrible omens in the sky.

v12Before all these things happen, the *Jews will arrest you. They will attack you. They will accuse you in the synagogue. They will put you in jail. They will bring you before kings and rulers, for you are my disciple.v13This will be your opportunity to preach the good news.v14Don't worry about what to say in court.v15For I will give you words of wisdom. Then none of your enemies can prove you wrong. They won't say your words are false.v16Even your parents, siblings, relatives and friends will hand you over to the ruler. They will kill some of you.v17Everyone will hate you because you are my disciple.v18You won't lose your hair.v19Remain true to me and you will gain *eternal life'.

vs 7 *The disciples ask when the army will destroy Jerusalem. What does this indicate to them?

In verse 8 Jesus first warned them not to believe in a *false Messiah. They will say they know when the world will end.

Good relations between Section 9-10 countries will end. But war will not be evidence of an immediate end to the world. Wars happen over time. Throughout history, a lot of bad things have happened to Earth. Strange things in the sky are always frightening. But all of these events could happen together before the end of the world.

Verses 12-19 describe the problems *followers of Jesus face. But God promises to help and protect.

vs. 12-13 *The Jews will oppose them. *Synagogues are not just *places of worship. They are also courts. "Kings and rulers" means that *gentiles will also oppose *disciples. In this case, Christians will have a chance. They will be able to tell people about Jesus. Later, Paul was imprisoned in *Roman prison. Many people guard it. He was able to speak of Christ to them all (Philippians 1:12-13).

vs. 14-15 *The disciples may have to go to court. But they should not rush. Jesus Himself would give them the right words.

v 16 Questions can even come from friends and relatives. "Brother" refers to true siblings or close relatives. Jesus has spoken of the divisions that faithfulness to Him will cause (Luke 12:51-53). Some *disciples even suffer death for their *belief. In the early days of the church, *the Jews killed Stephen (Acts 7:54-60). Then Herod Antipas killed the *Apostle James (Acts 12:2).

vs 17 People in general hate Christians. They hated Christ and therefore hated those who obeyed him (John 15:18-19).

Verses 18-19 Jesus used these words earlier to show that God cares (Luke 12:7). *Disciples may even suffer* physical death, but God can control all situations. *If the disciples obeyed God, they would be safe. This should encourage them to remain loyal. Then they will be with God in heaven.

The defeat of Jerusalem 21:20-24

v20"When the army surrounds Jerusalem, they know they will soon destroy it.v21So those who were in Judea had to flee to the mountains. Those in Jerusalem must leave. People in the countryside should not return to the city.v22Because it was punishment day. Then everything *the Bible says* will come true.v23How dreadful those days will be for pregnant women! And moms with kids! Terrible suffering will befall this earth and God will punish these people.v24Some *Jews would die in battle. Other *Jews will be imprisoned in all countries. *The Gentiles will rule over Jerusalem until their time is up.

vs. 20 Some 40 years later,* the Roman army camped outside Jerusalem for about 5 months. People in the city are starving. They are so desperate that they are even willing to eat human corpses.

vs 21 Jesus warns his *disciples to get out of the city. They did. They fled to Pella, a city east of the Jordan River.

vs 22 The *Old Testament* prophets warned that God would punish his people for their bad behavior. The *Jews in Jesus' day also rejected his message and had to expect punishment.

In verse 23 Jesus was thinking especially of women who were pregnant or still nursing their babies. They themselves will suffer. They will watch their children starve. This will be a horrible experience.

vs. 24 *Thousands die when the Romans attack the city. * The Romans brought thousands of them to other countries. The phrase "until the time comes" means "until God decides that* Gentiles shall no longer rule over Jerusalem". Or it could mean "until *the Gentiles have had enough time to hear the good news about Jesus".

*Son of Man will return to earth 21:25-33

v25'Strange things happen to the sun, moon and stars. On Earth, entire nations would despair. They will be afraid of the terrible roar and huge waves of the sea.v26The courage of the people will fail completely. They will be afraid of what is going to happen to the whole planet. The sun, moon and stars in the sky will shake violently.v27Then *the Son of Man will appear. He will come on the clouds with power and *glory.v28When these things start happening, look up. Hold your head up. Because God will save you soon.

v29Then Jesus told them this *parable. Think of the *fig tree and all other trees.v30You'll know summer is near when its leaves start to appear.v31Again, you'll know it when you see these things happening. *The Kingdom of God is at hand.v32You can be sure of that. Until this happens, some living people will not die.v33The world is not long. But my word will certainly carry on.

Verses 25-26 *Old Testament* Prophets often write about strange events happening in heaven. These will happen before God's judgment. The earth will be darkened because the sun, moon and stars will not shine (Amos 8:9; Joel 3:15). The sea will be stormier than usual. Something shakes the sky. *The Greek word for "shock" refers to an earthquake (when the earth shakes violently). But it will happen in heaven.

In verse 27 Daniel writes, "One like *the Son of Man shall come with the clouds of heaven" (Daniel 7:13). Jesus said he would return to earth this way. In the Bible, clouds are often evidence of God's existence (eg Exodus 13:21). When Jesus comes "on the clouds", this describes how he will return in *glory.

vs. 28-31 As summer approaches, the leaves first appear on the trees. Likewise, the events described in verses 25-27 would indicate the imminent return of Jesus.

vs 32 When the *Romans destroyed Jerusalem, some of the people Jesus talked to were still alive. Some writers believe that Jesus was referring to such a person. This is only true if the defeat of Jerusalem is a sign of the end times. Others think he was referring to the *Jews, or others who would be loyal to the end. Others think he was referring to "people who were alive at the time". Not "those who are alive now (when Jesus spoke)".

What Jesus said in verse 33 is always true. No matter what happens to the earth or the sky, it will not change the words of Jesus.

*Disciples need to read 21:34-38

v34-35'Be careful not to waste time eating and drinking too much. Don't let worry overwhelm you. Otherwise, *the day the Son of Man comes, he will soon catch them like a trap. Because it will come to all people everywhere on earth.v36Watch and keep praying. Praying he'll be strong enough to escape what's about to happen. Then you will be able to stand before the Son of Man.v37Jesus taught daily in the holy temple. When night fell, he went out to spend the night on the Mount of Olives.v38Every morning, people would go to the temple to listen to his lectures.

vs 34 Jesus had warned his *disciples. They should be ready when you return to Earth. Jesus told the parable of the *servant (Luke 12:35) and described the fate of the people in the days of Noah and Lot (Luke 17:22-29). This shows that the judgment was sudden. Now he warns his *disciples against love of pleasure and anxiety. If they focus on these things, they forget about looking for evidence.

Verse 35 A trap quickly closes and catches an animal. When Jesus returns to Earth, it will happen quickly. * Disciples will need God's strength to escape problems in the future. Then they will be ready to meet and serve Jesus in heaven.

vs 37 Thousands of people came to Jerusalem for *Passover. Jesus was able to continue teaching. The crowd was so large that the ruler had to arrest him. He may have spent the night outdoors at the *Mount of *Olives, or stayed at a friend's house that night.

Plot to kill Jesus 22:1-6

v1The time for the Feast of *Unleavened Bread* or *Passover is approaching.v2The chief priests and scribes were afraid of what the people were doing. So they tried every means to kill Jesus secretly.v3Then *Satan took control of Judas Iscariot, one of the 12* Apostles.v4Judas went and told the chief priests and the captains of the guard. They discussed how he could deliver Jesus to them.v5They were happy and promised to pay him.v6Judah agrees and starts looking for opportunities. He wanted to give them Jesus. But he doesn't want people to know.

Verse 1 *Feast of Unleavened Bread* and *Passover are very important. They remind *Jews of what God has done for their *ancestors. *The Jews fled Egypt many centuries ago (Exodus 12). They were slaves there. But God saved them through Moses. They left Egypt hastily. They don't have time to make bread with yeast. *The festival lasts 7 days during the *Jewish month of Nisan (mid-March to mid-April). *Easter is the 14thheNisan

Section 2 More *Roman soldiers come from Caesarea during the *feast to control the people. If the *religious leaders arrested Jesus in public, the crowd could cause trouble. That would lead to punishment for the *Romans.

vs 3 People ask why Judas allowed *Satan to tempt him into such a sin. Judas was one of the 12* apostles whom Jesus entrusted as friends. Here are some possible answers:

1 Perhaps Judas wanted the bounty he expected. Judas once stole money from the *Apostle's purse. Judas was in charge of money (John 12:6).

2 Perhaps he was jealous of the other *apostles. If his name "Iscariot" means "man of Keriot," then he is the only one of the 12 who was not from Galilee. Jesus gave special honor to Peter, James, and John on various occasions. Perhaps he thought Jesus did not give him the dignity he deserved.

3 Perhaps he expected Jesus to drive out the *Romans and make himself king. Judah would then have a special place in this new *Kingdom. His name 'Iscariot' could mean he was a member of the *Zealot party. *Zealot is a man who wants to fight *Rome. *zealots want *Jews to rule* Israel again. Maybe he wanted to liberate his country by force. He may even have thought that his actions would compel Jesus to show his power.

4 Maybe he is a coward. He saw trouble coming to Jesus, and he wanted to protect himself.

Verse 5 The priest promised Judas 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 26:15). That is the price of slavery (Exodus 21:32).

*The disciples prepare* the Passover meal 22:7-13

v7The day came when they had to *sacrifice* the Passover lamb during the *feast of *unleavened bread*.v8Jesus told Peter and John, "Go and prepare the Passover meal for us."v9"Where do you want us to prepare it?" they asked him.v10He replied: 'When you enter the city, you will be greeted. He will carry a jug of water. Follow him to the house he entered.v11Tell the homeowner: "The teacher said to you: 'Where is the room where I ate* the Passover meal with my *disciples?'"v12He'll take you upstairs to a large room for guests. You can prepare everything there.v13They are gone. They found everything, just as Jesus told them. They prepared the Passover meal.

Verse 7 Before sunset on the 13th they killed * lambs for foodheA day in Nisan. A new *Jewish day begins after sunset. So *Passover meal is on the night of Nisan 14th.

vs. 10 A man with a pitcher is special evidence. Usually only women carry jugs on their heads or shoulders.

Verses 10-11 Jesus gives instructions to Peter and John. This shows that you have made arrangements. He also did it with donkeys (19:29-35). He didn't want the ruler and Judah to know about this place. He also had an important truth to teach his *apostles.

Verse 12 We do not know the master's name. Some believe the house belonged to Juan Marcos' mother Maria. After Jesus rose from the dead, this room became the gathering place for *the disciples (Acts 12:12).

Verse 13 *The Passover meal consisted of *mutton and *unleavened bread. The *Jews eat* bitter herbs to commemorate their *ancestors' bitter life as slaves in Egypt (Exodus 12:1-11).

*The Lord's Supper 22:14-23

v14When the time came, Jesus sat down at the table with his *Apostles.v15He said to them: 'Before I suffer, I would like to eat this Passover meal* with you.v16Because I tell you this. I won't be eating it again until *God's kingdom is achieved.

Verse 16 *The Passover meal reminds *the Jews that their *ancestors were slaves in Egypt. How did they get free? The word "fulfillment" means: Christians will praise God when *the Kingdom of God comes. They will be free from absolute sin, judgment and death. Jesus won this freedom for those on the cross.

v17Then Jesus took a cup of wine. He thanked God and said, 'Take this and give it to you.v18I tell you this. I won't *drink* wine until *God's kingdom comes.v19Then he took the bread. He thanked God. He broke the bread and gave it to them, saying, 'This is my body which I give for you. This is done to remember me.v20Likewise, he gave them a glass of wine after the meal. He said, 'This cup is the new covenant that God has established in my blood, and I will pour it out for you.v21but look! My betrayer is at my table.v22*The Son of Man will die as God decides. But that man who betrayed him will end up miserable!v23Then they start guessing at each other who's going to do it.

Verses 17-18 *The Passover meal consisted of three pieces* of unleavened bread and four cups* of wine. He gave his *disciples* wine to share to show their unity.

vs 19 The bread is like the image of his body. He was willing to give his life for them.

The last glass of wine after dinner in v. 20 shows the new special relationship between God and man. *The Jews violated the Old Covenant of keeping the law of God. The new special agreement (see Jeremiah 31:31-34) means that people will want to obey God. They will obey him because he loves them. The blood of animals "signed" the Old Testament. When Jesus died for them, he would "sign" the new agreement. They ate bread and drank wine. These two ceremonies will serve as a permanent way of commemorating his death.

In verse 21 Jesus said that the betrayer was sharing the food. It is especially bad when the guest betrays the host.

In verse 22 Jesus spoke of His death as part of God's plan. But Judas was responsible for his actions. Jesus talked about how terrible his fate would be. His warning is a final appeal to Judas. He could have reversed his decision, even at this last moment. Luke doesn't tell us *what the apostles said to Jesus. But John 13:21-30 gives the details.

The Great Controversy 22:24-30

v24*The apostles start arguing with each other. They want to know who among them is the most important person.v25Jesus said to them: The kings of the Gentiles have power over their people. Rulers tell their people to call them "Friends of the People".v26But you shouldn't do that. Instead, the most important of you should be as important as the least. Leaders must be like servants.v27Who is more important? The one who eats at the table or the one who serves you? The person at the table is more important. But I'm like a servant.v28You have been faithful to me through all my difficulties.v29My father gave me the right to rule. So, I will give you the same rights.v30In my *kingdom, you will eat and drink at my table. You will sit on the throne and rule over the 12 exclusive tribes of Israel.

v.24* The apostles have discussed this issue before (Luke 9:46-48). Jesus said that the least important people are the best.

vs 25 *The apostles wanted to know which of them was most important in *the kingdom. Jesus told them *the rulers of the Gentiles were trying to make themselves important. They demand complete obedience from the people to their authority. Yet they like to call themselves friends of the people.

26-27 The attitude of a Christian should be very different from that of a non-Christian. The only truly great people are those who serve others. John records that Jesus set the example. He washed the feet of the *apostles. That is slave work (John 13:1-10).

vs. 28-30 *The apostles had a hard time in the ministry of Jesus. Jesus encouraged them. He said they would enjoy the feast of the *Messiah with him in heaven. They will share with him the honor of his most eternal reign. Some Christians believe that "the 12* tribes of *Israel" refers to the Christian church.

Jesus warns Peter 22:31-34

v31"Simon, Simon, listen!" Jesus said. '*Satan demands testing of all of you. He wanted to separate the loyal from the disloyal. This action is like a farmer separating wheat from garbage.v32But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith will not fail. And when you turn to me, you must help the other *Apostles become stronger.v33Pedro replied: "I am willing to go to jail and die with you!"v34Jesus replied: Peter, I tell you this. You'll say three times you don't know me! This will happen before the rooster crows in the morning.

In verse 31 Jesus repeats the name "Simon". This emphasizes that he has something important to say. "Simon" was Peter's name before Jesus changed it (Mark 3:16. "Peter" means "rock"). Jesus knew that Peter was not yet rock solid.

*Satan can only act with the consent of God. We know this from Job 1:6-12.

Verse 32 Jesus had prayed that Peter's *faith would not fail completely. When he is faithful to Jesus again, he will help other * Apostles.

Verse 33 Peter does not realize the seriousness of the situation. Nor did he realize that he was weak. He was sure he was willing to die for Jesus in case of trouble in the future.

Verse 34 Jesus now said "Peter" to him. Jesus reminded Peter of the name he had given him, "the Rock" (Luke 6:14). Jesus knew that Peter was not yet rock solid. Peter would deny Jesus three times before the rooster crowed in the morning. These words probably refer to the farmer's bird. Or they may be referring to the *Roman Trumpet. Someone plays this trumpet (instrument) at three o'clock in the morning. But that means Peter will deny that he knows Jesus before nightfall.

Jesus warns all *disciples 22:35-38

v35Then Jesus asked his *disciples: "The time I sent you, there were no purses, knapsacks, or shoes. Did you lack anything?" "We lacked nothing," they replied.v36"But now," said Jesus, "whoever has a bag or a saddle bag, let him have it." And whoever has no sword, let him sell his cloak and buy one.v37*The Bible says, "He died with the criminal." I say to you; it must happen to me. *Everything the Bible says about me will come true.v38*The apostles said: 'Look! Here are two swords, sir! ""enough! he replied.

In verse 35 Jesus speaks of the moment he sent *his disciples. They must trust God to provide for their needs (9:3; 10:4).

Section 36 Things will be different in the future. They have to be ready to be equipped for this. Jesus was not referring to an actual sword. He used the term to emphasize the dangers ahead.

Verse 37 He uses a verse from the "suffering servant" poem in Isaiah 53:12. People will think he is a criminal. They will punish him like a villain. Jesus said that all the scriptures about the *Messiah will be fulfilled.

vs 38 *The apostles did not understand Jesus. They showed him two swords. 'enough! ’ does not mean that two swords among the 11* apostles are enough. Jesus said it was the end of the conversation.

Jesus prays on *the Mount of Olives 22:39-46

v39Jesus left the city and went to *the Mount of Olives. He's done it before. *The apostles went with him.v40When he got to that place, he told them: "Pray to God to deliver you from hard trials."v41Then he moved away from them, about as far as a man could throw a stone. He knelt down and prayed.v42"Father," he said, "take this holy grail of pain from me if you will. But let what you want happen, not what I want.v43Angels from heaven appeared to him and gave him strength.v44He suffered severe mental anguish. His prayer is a greater battle. The water on his face was like drops of blood dripping on the ground.v45When he rose from prayer, he returned to the *Apostles. He found them asleep. They are very sad and it makes them tired.v46He told them: 'You should not sleep! Get up and pray. Well you don't want to do the wrong thing.

Matthew and Mark verses 39-40 tell us more about where Jesus went. They told us it was the Garden of Gethsemane. Luke added that Jesus had been there many times.

vs 41 *Jews usually stood up when they prayed. They looked up at the sky. In this solemn moment, Jesus knelt down.

vs 42 In the *Old Testament, the "cup" describes the actions of God, sometimes in his wrath. In the *New Testament it refers to pain, as in Mark 10:38 and John 18:11. Jesus wasn't just referring to *physical pain. However, he knew *crucifixion would be painful. Jesus had to leave his *kingdom work to those who were not ready. As he prays to obey his father, he is battling dark spiritual forces.

Verse 44, "Water on the face like drops of blood" describes the size and number of the drops, not the color. The drops were as big as large tears. This shows that Jesus suffered a lot.

Arrest 22:47-53

v47Jesus was still talking when a crowd came. Judas was one of the 12* apostles and led them. He approached Jesus to kiss him.v48But Jesus said, "Judas, will you *kiss* and hand over the *Son of Man?"v49*The apostles were with Jesus. They saw what was going to happen. So they asked, "Sir, shall we fight them with swords?"v50One of the * apostles beat the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear.v51But Jesus said, "Don't do that again!" He touched the man's ear and healed him*.v52Jesus said to the chief priests, *temple guard elders, and *elders who came to arrest him: 'Must they come with swords and clubs? Am I really a dangerous criminal?v53I am in the *temple* with you every day. You didn't try to arrest me. But this is your time and the powers of darkness are in power. "

Verse 47 Judas kisses Jesus. This shows which one they must arrest (Mark 14:44). Judas *betrayed Jesus with greetings from friend and *apostle!

In verse 50, Peter attacks the servant named Marko (John 18:10-11). The high priest is Caiaphas.

Verse 51 Jesus prevents *disciples from fighting. He healed* the servant's ear.

Verses 52-53 Jesus asks why they chose to arrest him so secretly. Jesus has given them every opportunity to legally arrest them in the *temple if they have good reason. Darkness is when *Satan works. That moment has come.

Peter denies Jesus 22:54-62

v54They arrested Jesus and took him to the house of the high priest. Pedro followed him at a distance.v55People built a fire in the middle of the *patio. Peter joined those sitting around him.v56A servant saw Peter sitting by the fire. She looked him straight in the eye and said, "This man is with Jesus too!"v57But Peter denies it: "Woman, I don't even know him!"v58After a while, a guy notices Peter and says, "You're one of his *followers too!" But Peter replies, "Man, I'm not!"v59About an hour later, another insisted: "Of course this man is with him. Because he is also a Galilean.v60Peter replied, "Dude, I don't know what you're talking about!" Immediately while he was still talking, *cock crowed.v61The Lord turned and looked at Peter. Peter remembered that the *Lord had said to him, "Before you hear the *rooster tonight, say three times that you don't know me."v62Pedro went out and cried for a long time.

vs 54 They first brought Jesus to Annas. Then they took him to the house of Caiaphas (John 18:13).

(Video) The Book of John | Contemporary English | Holy Bible (FULL) With Text

Verses 55-57 A fire is built because it was cold that night. The fire fell on Peter's face. A servant stares at Peter. She thought she recognized him. She said he was with Jesus. But Peter denied that he knew Jesus.

vs. 58 The man made a more serious comment. He said Peter was one of Jesus' *followers. Peter denies Jesus a second time.

vs. 59-60 The people from Galilee have a different accent from the others. Some insist that Peter* was a disciple of Jesus because he was also from Galilee. Mark 14:71 adds that Peter denied and cursed. Then Peter heard the cock crowing.

Verses 61-62 Jesus looks at Peter. Jesus may have felt very sad, but He also had compassion. Peter remembered his warning. Pedro cried because he was weak. He also failed his Lord.

In the house of the high priest 22:63-65

v63Some people protect Jesus. They laughed at him and beat him.v64They covered his eyes with a cloth and asked him, "Who hit you? You must have guessed it!"v65They also said many other things to insult him.

Luke verses 63-65 do not mention that priests were also tried at night (Matthew 26:57-68). It is not legal to check on a person at night. So, the priests had to wait until morning. Then the *guild can declare him guilty. While they were waiting, the soldiers beat Jesus. They mocked him and his message.

*The Sanhedrin examines Jesus 22:66-71

v66When that day came, *the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes were all assembled. The guards took Jesus to the Sanhedrin.v67Tell us, they tell him, are you the Messiah? He replied: If I told you, you wouldn't believe me.v68If I ask you questions, you don't answer me.v69But soon, "the Son of Man will sit at the right hand of God Almighty."v70They all said, "Then you are *the Son of God?" He answered them, "You say I am right."v71They said: 'We don't need any other witnesses! We heard what he had to say!

vs 66 Early Friday morning, the soldiers took Jesus to the *Sanhedrin, the main *Jewish authority. It has 70 members. The high priest is their leader.

verse 67 Jesus cannot answer his question. He knew their beliefs about the *Messiah were very different from his own. He knew they wouldn't believe him, even if he said "yes".

Verse 68 Jesus had asked the question about the *Messiah earlier (20:3, 41). But they couldn't answer.

In verse 69 Jesus goes on to use the words from Daniel 7:13. They will see *the Son of Man. He will sit in the honored place at the right hand of God. The word "sitting" implies that it is still. He rests when his work on earth is done.

vs 70 They asked Jesus a direct question about his relationship with God. He does not deny that he is the "Son" of God.

v. 71 *The Sanhedrin said it was "*blasphemy." They said he was guilty. But they broke their own laws. The two witnesses must agree on who they are charging. *Guilds should not ask questions directly. There is another law. They can decide someone is guilty. They then had to wait a day before deciding on his punishment. But they were so eager to kill Jesus that they broke their own rules. They themselves had no right to kill Jesus. So they made up charges that Pilate, the *Roman ruler, considered serious.

Pilate examines Jesus 23:1-7

v1The crowd rose up and brought Jesus to Pilate.v2They started accusing him. We got this man because he's sparking a revolution in our country. It tells us not to pay *tax* to the *Emperor. He said that he himself was "the Messiah, the King".v3Pilate asked Jesus, "Are you the *King of the Jews?" "Yes, as you said," Jesus answered.v4Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, "This man has committed no crime."v5But they insisted: "He is teaching people all over Judea. A revolution is starting. It started in Galilee and has come here."v6When Pilate heard this, he asked, "Is this man a Galilean?"v7He learned that Jesus was from the region ruled by Herod. So Pilate sent Jesus to Herod, who was in Jerusalem at the time.

Verse 1 Pilate was obliged to come to Jerusalem from his residence at Caesarea because of the Passover. Crowds come to commemorate the rescue of their ancestors from Egypt. They were always in danger of going to war with the *Romans.

vs 2 *The religious leaders accused Jesus of three things. They suggested to Pilate that Jesus was encouraging a revolution.

Verses 3-4 Jesus answers Pilate's question. But it depends on how Pilate understood the word "king". Jesus is the King of the Jews. But not in a political way. Pilate must have suspected them when *Jews accused another *Jew before *Roman. He found Jesus innocent.

vs 5 *The religious leaders also said the same to Jesus. Everywhere he went he caused trouble.

Verses 6-7 Pilate discovers that Jesus is from Galilee. So he sent Jesus to Herod Antipas, the ruler of Galilee. Herod came to Jerusalem for *Passover. He wants to please the people he rules. Pilate had to take some responsibility for a decision. But he wanted Herod to share the problem.

Herod Antipas interrogation of Jesus 23:8-12

v8Herod was very happy to see Jesus. He had heard a lot about him and wanted to see him for a long time. I want to see Jesus perform some *miracles.v9So Herod asked Jesus many questions. But Jesus didn't answer.v10When the chief priests and scribes saw this, they accused Jesus with great force.v11Herod and his soldiers mocked and insulted Jesus. Then they put a fancy coat on him. So Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate.v12On the same day, Herod and Pilate became friends. Before that, they had been enemies.

Juana was the wife of Chuza, the steward of Herod's house. It is possible that she told Luke what happened (Luke 8:3).

vs 8-9 On one occasion Herod was afraid that John the Baptist had risen. He feared that Jesus might be John the Baptist (Luke 9:9). He wanted Jesus to perform *miracles to entertain him. Jesus did not answer Herod's question. He knew they were not sincere.

Verse 11 Herod joins the soldiers. They dressed Jesus in royal robes and mocked him like a king.

Pilate submits to the crowd 23:13-25

v13Pilate summoned the chief priests, leaders, and people.v14He told them: "You brought this man to me. You said it was going to cause trouble. You said I was going to start a revolution. Now I've checked in your presence. I don't think he's guilty any offense charged.v15Herod did not consider this man guilty because he brought him back to us. The man did nothing to deserve death.v16Someone will flog him, and I will set him free. "v17Every *Passover, Pilate releases a man in prison for them.v18Everyone shouted: 'Kill him! Barabbas set us free!v19Barabbas is in prison. He murdered someone during the popular revolution in Jerusalem against the *Romans.v20Pilate wanted to release Jesus. So, he appealed to everyone again.v21But they cried out, '*Crucify him! *Crucify him!v22Pilate said to them a third time, 'What crime has he committed? I can't find out what the hell he did. Someone will flog him, and I will set him free.v23But the crowd continued to shout. They asked Pilate* to crucify Jesus. Finally, they did.v24Pilate decided to accede to their demands.v25He frees whoever they want. He is the one who was imprisoned for his participation in the revolution and murder. As they wished, Pilate delivered Jesus to *to be crucified.

Verses 13-15 Pilate says that neither he nor Herod found Jesus guilty. This is very important. Both Pilate and Herod agreed that Jesus was innocent. *Jewish law states that evidence is given if two witnesses agree (Deuteronomy 19:15).

In verse 16 Pilate shows that he is trying to please the crowd. He said someone would flog Jesus. This was the most brutal Roman punishment. Sometimes the person even dies.

Verse 17 is not found in many *Greek copies of Luke. *The scribe may have added it from Mark 15:6.

Section 18 Barabbas is a *Jewish terrorist. That means he uses terror against leaders. His name means "son of the father". Pilate released him and ordered the Son of God the Father to be executed.

verses 20-22 Pilate wants to release Jesus. Luke does not record in detail the questions Pilate asked Jesus. It also does not record that the *Jews warned Pilate. If he released Jesus, then he was not loyal to Caesar (John 19:12). Pilate was already in trouble. He carried* the standard of the Roman army to Jerusalem. It also pissed off the *Jews. He uses *Temple's money to improve the water supply. He was afraid that they would sue the emperor again. Then he might lose his job.

*Roman soldiers *crucify Jesus 23:26-31

v26The soldiers took Jesus away. As they went, they met a man from Cyrene named Simon. He came from the country to the city. They grabbed him and put the cross on him. They made him imitate Jesus.

v27A large crowd followed him. Some of the women were crying for him.v28Jesus turned to them and said, "Women of Jerusalem, don't weep for me. Weep for yourself and your children.v29For the time will come when people will say, "How happy are the women who have no children! How happy are those who have never had children. Or those who have never cared for them!"v30Then people will say to the mountain, "Fall on us!" and to the mountain, "Hide us!"v31People do these things when the wood is green. So think what happens when it dries!

vs 26 A man to be crucified must bear the beam of the cross. Jesus becomes weak after being scourged by the *Romanshads. He was too weak to bear it at all. Simon is a *Jew from North Africa. Maybe he lives in Jerusalem but is coming home from work outside the city. Or maybe he came to Jerusalem for *Passover. Simon, Marco tells us, is "the father of Alexander and Rufus." Alexander and Rufus are famous Christians. Simon bears the cross and bears witness to the crucifixion. It is possible that because of this experience, he became a *disciple. Later, his sons were called Christians in *Rome (Mark 15:21). Mark writes for *Romans. (See also *Romans 16:3.)

Verses 28-29 Jesus had warned the people of suffering. *Romans will attack and destroy Jerusalem (Luke 21:23). Jesus said so. When troubles hit Jerusalem, childless women are lucky.

In verse 30 Jesus used the words of Hosea (10:8). Hosea had warned *Israel of an attack from the Assyrian nation. These words may imply that the *Jews wanted the mountain to protect them. There they could hide from the *Romans. Or the words mean that people will suffer a lot. It would be terrible if they wanted the mountain to crush them and kill them.

Section 31 This is probably a well-known phrase. Greenwood is alive. Deadwood is dead. *The Romans intended to kill an innocent man in peacetime. When countries are at war, they do worse things to the guilty.

Jesus' humiliation 23:32-43

v32Soldiers also took away two other men. Both are criminals. The soldiers were going to crucify them with Jesus.v33When they reached a place called "La Calavera,"* they crucified Jesus there. They also crucified two criminals*, one on his right and one on his left.

In verse 32, there are two criminals on either side of Jesus. "They counted him a *sinner" (Isaiah 53:12) was fulfilled.

vs 33 The *Hebrew name of this place is Calvary (John 19:17). In Latin, the word is "Calvus". These two words mean "skull (the bones in a man's head)". This is due to the shape of the ground. Or because *crucifixion was done there.

v34Jesus said, 'Father, forgive them. They don't know what they are doing. "The soldiers decide who should receive Jesus' clothes. They throw special stones with their marks on the ground.v35Everyone stood there watching. But the *Jewish leaders laughed at him. He saved others. *The Messiah is God's chosen one. If he is the Messiah, let him save himself. "v36The soldiers laughed at him too. They approached him and offered him the cheapest wine.v37They said, "If you are the *King of the Jews, save yourself!"v38They put a notice about him on the cross. It says: 'This is the *King of the Jews'.

v39A criminal hanging next to Jesus insults him. He said: 'Are you really *the Messiah? Save yourself, save us!v40However, another criminal told him he was wrong. He said, 'Don't you respect God? You received the same punishment as he.v41Our punishment is just. We are getting what we deserve for our actions. But he didn't do anything wrong.v42Then he said: 'Jesus, remember me when you enter your *Kingdom'.v43Jesus told him: "I promise you, today you will be with me in heaven (the garden of God)."

In verse 34 Jesus was referring to *Roman soldiers when he asked the Father to forgive them. They just obey his orders. He also refers to all the Jews who caused his death. The clothes of those killed by soldiers in this way became their property. Soldiers throw special stones on the ground to decide who should get the clothes.

Verse 35 The people looked at the *cross with strange curiosity. The *Jewish rulers mocked Jesus because he said he was the *messiah. If he saved himself, they said, it would prove his claim. This is a brutal requirement for a special logo.

Verse 36 Jesus rejected *medicated wine that *a person might drink before his crucifixion (Mark 15:23). Later, the soldiers showed him their cheapest wine. They knew he would be desperate for a drink. Then they took it away.

vs. 37 They suggest that he might save himself, if he were really "king of the *Jews."

vs 38 They usually put up a notice saying why the man was crucified. John tells us that the priests complained because the sign read, "This is *the king of the Jews." Pilate refused to change it (John 19:21-22). The notification is in three languages, *Hebrew, *Greek and Latin. Therefore, everyone can read it.

v 39 The *Romans* crucify two criminals with Jesus. Matthew and Mark said they both insulted him.

verses 40-41 One of the criminals has a change of attitude. They realize that Jesus is different from them. They are being punished for their crimes. But he declares that Jesus did nothing damning.

In verse 42 he asks Jesus to "remember" him. He realizes that death is not the end. There is something beyond.

vs 43 Jesus promised much more than the criminal asked for. I will be in heaven that day. Jesus will be with him. Paradise is a word in Persian. It means "quiet garden with walls". It was a beautiful place, like the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:8-9).

Death of Jesus 23:44-49

v44it is noon now. The sun stopped shining. The whole country was in total darkness for three hours.v45*The veil of the temple is divided into two parts.v46Jesus cried out with a loud voice, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!" and he died after saying this.v47The officer saw what happened. He praised God and said, "He is such a good man!"v48People who looked there saw what happened. Then they all went home. They beat their chests because they were sad.v49All who knew Jesus stood watching from afar. The women who followed him from Galilee also died.

Verse 44 The country was dark for three hours. This is evidence that evil was happening to Jesus. He is "the light of the world" (John 8:12). In the Bible, darkness is often evidence of God's judgment. This darkness shows that God judged *humanity for their sins in Jesus.

v. 45* There was a special veil in the Temple that separated the Holy Place from the "Most Holy Place" (Exodus 26:31-33). It separates man from God. Only the high priest could enter the Holy of Holies. And it's only once a year. It was a special day, they called it Yom Kippur. The curtains are huge and heavy. No human hand can break it. However, the tears are from above (Mark 15:38). This means that people can now draw near to God (Hebrews 10:19-22). Jesus' death made this possible.

In verse 46 Jesus prayed with the words from Psalm 31:5 and added the word "Father". *Jews use this prayer at night before going to bed. Jesus was confident that God, his Father, would take care of him. His last words bear this out.

vs 47 The officers hear how Jesus spoke on the cross. He praises God. He said Jesus did not commit any sin.

Verse 48 The watchers go home. They are sad. Many people should come here out of curiosity. But they changed their attitude. This is because they see darkness. Because of the way Jesus spoke before he died.

vs 49 Among the *disciples far away were women from Galilee. They had walked with Jesus (Luke 8:2-3). They were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and Salome the mother of James and John (Matthew 27:55-56).

Joseph of Arimathea burying Jesus 23:50-56

v50There was a man, his name was Jose. He was from the Jewish city of Arimathea. He is a kind and honorable man. He is waiting for the kingdom of God to come. He is a member of the * Guild.v51But he disagrees with her decisions and actions.v52This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.v53Then he lowered the body from the cross. He wraps it in linen (cotton like material). He placed it in a *grave that someone had already dug out of the rock. Nobody had ever put a dead body in there before.v54This is the day of preparation before the Sabbath begins.v55The women who followed Jesus from Galilee went with Joseph. They saw the grave. They saw where Joseph put the body.v56Then they go home. They have prepared richly scented herbal formulas and oils for the body. On Saturdays, they rest as required by law.

Verses 50-51 Arimathea is a town a few miles north of Jerusalem. Joseph must have been Jesus' *secret disciple. He may be silent in the *guild. Or he has no chance to change his decision.

v. 52 It was a *Roman custom to put a dead body on a cross. *Jews think it is wrong to do so. If a person dies in this way, then he must bury him before sunset (Deuteronomy 21:22-23). Jose is brave. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate was amazed that Jesus was dead (Mark 15:44-45). But he agreed to Jose's request.

Verse 53 *The tomb was a cave on a mountain. It belongs to Jose. He had never put a dead body in it before (Matthew 27:60). A new* tomb is a fitting place for a dead king. When the *Romans* crucified a criminal, they threw his body into a common grave.

Section 54 "Preparation Day" is Friday. *Jews prepare for the *Shabbat which begins at 6pm on Friday night. So Joseph had only a short time left after Jesus' death and after his visit to Pilate.

Verse 55 The women of Galilee see where the tomb is. But they didn't have time to prepare the body. They used to put oil on it and it smelled so good. Nicodemus helps Joseph put* spices between strips of cloth (John 19:38-40). Women want to get it done.

vs 56 And they returned to the place where they were staying in Jerusalem. *Saturday ends at sunset on Saturday.

*Resurrection 24:1-12

v1Early in the morning on the first day of the week, the women go to the grave. They brought the green spices they prepared.v2Someone removed *the stone from the entrance to the tomb.v3They entered, but did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.

v4They don't know what's going on. Suddenly, two men in sparkling white clothes stood beside them.v5The women were terrified. They squatted down, their faces almost touching the ground. They said to them, 'Why do you seek the living where the dead are?v6he is not here. He is up. Do you remember what he said to you? He said it while he was in Galilee.v7"The *Jews must hand over the *Son of Man to the *Gentiles. They must* crucify him. On the third day he must rise again."v8Then the women remembered what he had said.v9They came back from the *tombs and told everything to the 11 *apostles and all.v10The women are Maria Magdalena, Juana and Maria, Santiago's mother. These things they and other women told the *apostles.

v11*The apostles thought these women were talking nonsense. They don't believe them.v12But Peter got up and ran to the grave. He knelt down and saw the clothes of Reaper, but nothing else. Then he went home. What happened surprised him.

Verse 1 As soon as the sun rose on Sunday, the women went to the *tomb.

Verses 2-3 There is a heavy round stone closing the entrance to the *tomb. Someone rolled over this rock. When the women arrived, they saw this. That way they can get in. But the body of Jesus is no longer there.

vs. 4-6 These two men are actually *angels in human form. His radiant appearance terrified the women. But the *angel reminded them of what Jesus said about his death and *resurrection.

vs 7 Everything that happened was in God's plan. The word "must" underscores this point.

In verses 9-10 only Luke mentions Joan (8:3), but Mark includes Salome (Mark 16:1). The women told the other *apostles what they had seen.

Verse 11 Luke uses a medical word to describe *Apostle's thinking. That means the crap a very sick person would say. Luke emphasizes the attitude of the *Apostles when he adds: "They did not believe them."

vs 12 Peter ran to see. All he found was the cloth José had wrapped around the body. John 20:3-7 says John went with him.

Two people on the road to Emmaus 24:13-35

v13On the same day, two *followers of Jesus were walking towards the town of Emmaus. It is about 11 kilometers (7 miles) from Jerusalem.v14They're discussing everything that happened.v15While they were talking, Jesus himself came. He walks with them.v16But somehow, they didn't recognize him.v17Jesus said to them, "What were you talking about as you walked?" They stood still, looking very sad.v18One of them, Kleopa, told him: "Something happened in Jerusalem in the last few days. Are you the only visitor in Jerusalem who doesn't know them?v19"What?" he asked. They answered, 'What happened to Jesus of Nazareth. His actions show that he was a powerful *prophet. This pleases God and all men.v20Our chief priests and rulers gave it to the *Roman rulers. They want me dead. The *Romans* crucified him.v21We want him to be the one to liberate *Israel. Moreover, this is already the third day after the incident.v22Some of the women in our group surprised us. They went to the grave early in the morning.v23But they couldn't find his body. They are back. They said they saw some angels. *The angel told the women that Jesus was alive.v24Some of our group went to *the grave. As the women say, they found it. But they didn't see it.

v25Jesus said to them: You are fools! You believe everything the *prophet says is too slow!v26Christ (*Messiah) had to suffer these things before he could share God's *glory in heaven.v27Jesus explained to them everything *the Bible said about Him. It begins with the book of Moses. He reviewed everything written by the *Prophet.

v28They approached the town they were going to. Jesus seems to have gone further.v29But they advised him not to continue. They said: 'Stay with us. The day is almost over and it is getting dark. So he went in and lived with them.

v30He sat down to eat with them. He took the bread and thanked God. Then he broke the bread and handed it to him.v31At that moment, they recognized him. Then it disappears. They can no longer be seen.v32They said to each other, ‘Didn’t you make us happy when you talked to us on the way here? Are not our spirits filled with joy as He explains *the scriptures to us?v33They got up immediately and went back to Jerusalem. There they found the 11 * Apostles, and others.v34They said: '*The Lord is definitely risen! It appeared in front of Simon!v35Then the two talked about what happened during the trip. They say Jesus broke bread. That's when they recognized him.

vs 13 The two men* who returned to Emmaus were disciples of Jesus. One is Cleopas (v. 18), but Luke does not mention the other. The second may have been Cleopas' wife.

Verse 15 Jesus must be behind them.

vs 16 We don't know why they didn't know Jesus. They didn't expect to see it. Also, they had a hard time looking directly at the stranger. But there are other times when people don't recognize Jesus right away. Maybe it looks different. Perhaps these two need to understand *the message of the Old Testament in order to recognize it.

Verses 18-21 The traveler amazes them. He didn't seem to know what was going on. They told him Jesus was a *prophet. God approves. The *miracles he did prove it. The common people have accepted him as a *prophet.

Verse 21 "We waited" will include the other *disciples as well as the two travelers. All *Jews wanted a political *Messiah who would drive the *Romans out of their country. Now his hopes were dashed in bitter disappointment.

Verses 22-23 They explain that the women visited the *tomb. And some *Apostles visited her to confirm her story. Luke only mentions Peter. John also went with him (John 20:3-8).

Verse 27 "The Book of Moses" are the first five books of the *Old Testament. The second part of the *Hebrew Bible contains what the *prophets wrote. Jesus would use passages like the suffering servant of God in Isaiah 53. *Israel considered herself to be this servant. Jesus showed that he is the suffering servant. He died for other peoples (Isaiah 53:12).

Verse 28 Jesus never forced anyone to welcome him. He acts like this is happening.

vs. 29 He accepted her invitation to stay, for it was late.

Verses 30-31 Jesus acts as master. As he broke the bread, he thanked God as usual. When he broke the bread they suddenly recognized him. They may have seen nail marks on his hands. Perhaps he thanked God and broke bread in familiar fashion. They probably weren't at the Last Supper (just before the *Jews arrested Jesus). But they may have seen Jesus do it on other occasions. On one occasion, Jesus fed 5,000 people.

vs 32 Both men were moved when Jesus explained the Scriptures to them. Now they remember.

Verse 33 It was night. Returning to Jerusalem meant they had traveled another seven miles (11 kilometers). And the road keeps going uphill! But they wanted to share their good news with other disciples immediately. So they left immediately. They knew where the 11 *apostles and other *disciples would be.

vs 34 The *disciples in Jerusalem already knew that Jesus was alive. He has appeared before Peter. There were no details of the meeting. For Peter, this can be a painful but happy experience. But too private to speak. Paul said that Jesus appeared specifically to Peter (1 Corinthians 15:5).

Section 35 The two travelers then relate their own experiences. And how they recognized Jesus when he broke the bread. Later, Christian broke a loaf of bread. They see those occasions as special times when Jesus is with them. Communion is one of the names Christians give to these special times when they commemorate the death of Jesus. Other names given to it are Eucharist, Bread Fragment, and *Lord's Supper.

Jesus appears to his *disciples 24:36-49

v36Just as the two were talking, the host himself suddenly stood between them. He told them, "The peace of God be with you."v37They are very scared. They thought they saw a spirit.v38But he said to them: 'Don't be afraid. Don't have any doubts.v39Look at my hands and feet. look! I am myself! Touch me and you'll see! A soul has no skin and no bones, just like me.v40Then he showed them his hands and feet.v41They were very surprised. This is incredible news for them. So he asked them, "Do you have anything to eat?"v42They gave him a piece of fish that someone else had cooked.v43He took it and ate it. They look at him.v44Then he said to them: 'These are the things I tell you. I told you when I was still with you. Everything about me in the Law of Moses, the *Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.v45Then he helps them understand *the Bible.v46He said to them: 'This is what the *Scripture says:* Messiah must suffer, and after three days must rise from the dead.v47By His authority, you must* preach the Gospel to all nations. Tell them they must *repent* so that God will forgive their *sins. It started in Jerusalem.v48You are a witness to these things.v49I myself will give you what my father promised. But you must wait in the city until power from on high comes upon you. "

Verse 36 "Peace be upon you" is the *standard Jewish greeting.

Verse 37 Jesus didn't come in through the door. His sudden appearance terrified them. They think it's a spirit. John said the gates were shut because they were afraid of the *Jews (John 20:19).

In verse 38 Jesus tries to calm them down. He told them to look at his hands and feet and touch him. They'll see nail marks. They'll realize he has a real body. The soul has no body.

vs. 42-43 They still can't believe it's true. So, Jesus asked for some food. He didn't need it himself, but he gave them additional evidence.

verses 44-45 Jesus could have taught them that night or some other occasion. He said that *Hebrew* taught him all three parts of the Old Testament. He said his words came true. The Psalms are in the third section, called "The Writings." *The scriptures say this:* The Messiah must suffer before he can rise again in three days.

Verses 47-48 Jesus said they were going to take His good news to all nations. They will have their authority. They have to tell people to turn to God. Then God will forgive their *sins. *Discipleship must begin in Jerusalem. They will be there to proclaim the good news they know to be true.

Verse 49 Jesus said he would send the Holy Spirit himself to them. But they were to stay in Jerusalem until they received the Holy Spirit. I will give them strength.

*Ascension 24:50-53

v50Then he took them to Bethany. So she raised her hands and blessed them*.

v51When he blessed them, he left. He ascended to heaven.v52They *worship* him. So they returned to Jerusalem rejoicing.v53They spend all their time in the *temple, thank God.

Luke verse 50 only briefly describes the *ascension. Luke wrote *Acts. He intends to start with more details (Acts 1:1-11). The way Jesus left meant that the *disciples would never see him again on earth.

vs. 53 *The good news in Luke begins with Zechariah in the temple. He accepted God's promises to Jesus Christ (*Messiah). It ends with the *disciples praising God in the *temple. They wait for the Holy Spirit, whom *the Lord Jesus Christ has promised to send them.

altar~*A table in a temple on which people make offerings to God*.

ancestor~ Anyone from their father's or mother's family.

Angel~ Servant of God and Messenger of the *Heaven.

apostle~ Jesus chooses one of 12 people to be His special helpers.

Akka~ A big ship like Noah built.

promote~ The passage of Christ's body from earth to heaven.

baptism / baptism~ Putting a person in water to show that they want to obey God.

Bautista~ The one who baptized people (John the Baptist).

betray~Give someone to the enemy because of infidelity.

coffin~ The open structure that holds the corpse.

blasphemy~ Humiliation of God.

blessing, blessing~ Say or do a lot of good things to a person; call something holy; ask God to make good things happen; deliver and keep away from bad things.

Caesar~ *Roman* Emperor.

census~ Officials count.

straw~ Food cover.

Chest~ The upper part of the body where the heart is located.

Christ/Messiah~ *The words of the Jews about the king that God would send to save them.

circumcision~ The act of removing the skin of the last portion of the male sex organ; a sign of God's special covenant with *Israel.


commandment~ God-given rules.

epileptic seizure~ A sudden body movement that a person cannot control.

courtyard~ Open spaces with circular buildings.

covenant~ Special arrangement.

crucified~ To kill someone by nailing him to a wooden cross.

crucify~ Killed by *crucifixion.

demon~ Evil or evil spirits. They work for the demon leader *Satan.

descendants~ A future member of a family or country.

devil~ or *Satan; *the leader of demons.

disciple~ One who follows another and learns from him; one who believes in Jesus; one who follows what he taught.

dog~ An animal that some people keep at home.

donkey~ Animals like ponies.

time~ Bread mix.

mayor~ Leader.

emperor~ A king who ruled many nations.

empire~A group of countries under one ruler (*emperor).

eternal~No beginning and no end.

eternal~The afterlife is in heaven.

iron~ letter.

quickly~Choose not to eat or drink for the time being.

banquet~ Special food; * Religious rituals.

Sukkot~ A Jewish* harvest festival commemorating God's care for his people in the desert.

festival~ a holiday; a party; good food.

fever~ A disease that makes the body very hot.

as shown in the picture~ A sweet fruit that grows on trees.

fisherman~ Fishing people.

follower~ A person who follows a leader.

forgive~ When someone is no longer angry at another person who has done something bad.

Gentiles~ People who are not *Jewish.

glory~ Everything that makes God beautiful and great; like a great light from God.

Gospel~ The good news about Jesus.

ultraviolet light~ *fruit of the vine.

Greek~ *The language of the New Testament. In *New Testament times, many people spoke Greek.

hell~ *Greek name for the land of the dead.

Announce~ to heal; to do exactly the right thing.

Hebrew~ *Jewish and *Old Testament languages.

pioneer~ A person who announces the arrival of important people.

herbs~ Plants that can be used in cooking or medicine.

holy soul~ *Spirit of God, sent by Jesus to help people; another name for God; also known as the Spirit of God, the Spirit of Christ, the Comforter; the Holy Spirit is a person, but not a person like us; live for God and work; he is God, equal with God the Father and God the Son. We can't see him, but he's there.

shell~ Dried grain husk.

hypocritical~ Pretending to be better than you.

hypocrite~ Pretending to be someone better than them.

fragrant~ A substance that people burn for its fragrance, especially during healing religious ceremonies.

Posada~ A place that provides food and shelter for travelers.

Israel, Israelites~ Everyone in the family of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

still~ The offspring of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and their children.

still~ A word that describes *Jews or anything related to *Jews.

Judge~ The one who decides what is true and what is false.

kingdom~ Land ruled by kings.

Cordero~Young sheep.

yeast~ See * Yeast.

leprosy~ Severe skin disease.

Elevated~ *Aide to the Temple Priest.

Caballero~ God's name in the Bible; we use it to address Jesus when we obey Him.

batch~ means to reach a just decision.

Merced~ Be kind and help those who do bad things.

delivery courier~ The person who sent the message.

Messiah/Christ~ *The words of the Jews about the king that God would send to save them.

Miracle~ Events that seem to violate the laws of nature.

to assemble~ Oyama.

mustard seed~ A very small seed.

dedication~ A God-pleasing gift.

olives~ A fruit-bearing tree.

simile~ Stories with moral significance.

Easter~ An annual ceremony commemorating God's deliverance of the *Jews from Egypt.

Pentecost~ A time of year when *Jews thank God for their food; when God gives *the Holy Spirit to the Church.

Pharisee~A group of *Jews who obeyed the Law of Moses very strictly.

physical disability~ A person with a physical disability is someone who cannot see or finds it difficult to walk or do other things.

commend~ To say how good a person is; to tell God how great he is, as we do when we pray or sing to him.

preach~ Tell people about Jesus and how to live for Jesus.

pride~Praise yourself. Think you matter.

Priest~ A man who gave gifts to the *Jews and burned animals as a *sacrifice to God; a man whom God chose to serve Him.

prophecy~ God has given a person words to speak to other people.

prophet~ The one who speaks God's message.

rabbi~ *Jewish law teacher.

religious~belongs to religious leaders.

repent, regret~Changing a person's attitude and behavior.

resurrection~ resurrection after death.

Romano~ A person or thing belonging to *Roma.

Rome~ *New Testament Era* The capital of the empire.

Saturday~ A day of rest (Saturday *Jewish) when people should not work.

Burlap~ Rough material (made from old sacks). * Jews swear when they are very sad or sad.

sacrifice~ a gift to God, to ask him to forgive a sin; or to thank you for doing something.

saddle~ A seat to ride on an animal.

trainee~A group of *Jews who don't believe in life after death.

salvation~ When God saves a person from the consequences and punishment of sin. When a person repents of his evil deeds; God forgives them and they follow Jesus.

Samaria~The country on the northern border of Judah; its capital is of the same name.

Samaritan~ People from *Samaria.

guild~ A group of *Jewish* priests and other leaders.

Satan~ Boss evil spirit; devil.

rescue / save~ Deliverance from the power and consequences of the most evil.

El Salvador~ Saved (Jesus) from *sin.

scorpion~ A dangerous insect that stings.

Scribe~Teacher of the Law of Moses.

script~ Bible.

go to work~ A long piece of paper or animal skin with words written on it.

shekel~ * Jewish money.

Priest~ A person who takes care of sheep.

sinner~ When people do things against God or against other people.

son of david~ *Son of David; *Title of Messiah.

child of god~ *Title of Messiah.

son of man~ Jesus used his own special name.

pain~ Bad places on the body.

Alma~ The part of being human that we cannot see, our life on earth. It lives on after the body dies.

spices~ People use powders made from certain plants to flavor food.

Spirit~ We cannot see the living part of a person. He can converse with other spirits and supersouls.

Spirit~ Belongs to the spirit of healing.

vomit~ Squeeze the liquid out of your mouth.

synagogue~ * Jewish people gather to pray and study * Old Testament buildings.

tassel~ A long piece of wool or cotton at the edge of a garment.

tax~ Money that people have to pay the government.

tax collector~ A person who collects *taxes for the government.

temple~ A special building for *Jews* in Jerusalem to worship God.

lure~ Something that tries to make us do bad things.

tenant~ A person who takes possession of one's property in exchange for rent.

tremolo~ Separate the wheat from the chaff.

thunder~ Loud bangs you can hear during a storm.

Tithe~ One-tenth. Jewish law stipulates that people should dedicate one-tenth of the harvested oil, grain and wine to God. This tithe is a "tithe".

bite~ An ancient book written before Jesus came to earth.

grave~The cave on the hillside is a tomb.

turn into~ Appearance changes.

rehearsal~ Examining a person in court to discover whether he has committed a crime.

tribe~A group of people; a family or people with the same *ancestry.

twin~ A person born at the same time as a sibling.

unclean~ (1) Not pure in a *religious sense. (2) Dirty.

i'm drenched~ Bread without * yeast.

climbing plants~ A plant that produces green grapes.

vineyard~ where green grapes are grown.

warn~ When we warn someone. We said we were giving them a warning.

wine~ A drink made from organic grapes.

leather bag~ Used to store wine. They are made of animal skin.

toss~ *After threshing the plants, use a fan to separate the grains from the rest of the plants.

heresy~ Show respect and respect to God and praise Him.

yeast~ A substance put into bread to expand it.

yourself~More of "Yourself".

zealot~ *A powerful enemy of the Roman government.

H. Balmforth ~ San Lucas ~ Clarendon Bible Commentary

William Barclay ~ *Luke ~ Daily Bible Study

John Blanchard ~ Seeing Through Luke

Robert G. Bratcher ~ *The Translator's Guide to Luke

G. B. Caird ~ St Luke ~ Pelican * Gospel Commentary

A. E. Garvie ~ *Luke ~ Westminster* New Testament Commentary

William Hendriksen ~ *The Gospel of Luke ~ *New Testament Commentary

D. G. Miller ~ St. Luke ~ Lay Bible Commentary

Leon Morris ~ Luke ~ Tyndale NT Comments

Michael Wilcock ~ *Savior of the World ~ Today's Bible Speaks

Bible ~ TEV, RSV, NVI

© 1997-2002, Wycliffe Associates (UK)

This publication was written using EasyEnglish Level B (2800 words)

(Video) Gospel of Luke NKJV Audio Bible

June 2002

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What is the key message of the Gospel of Luke? ›

Luke writes to confirm that Christianity is not a new religion. It is rather the fulfillment of God's promises given to Israel in the Old Testament. Jesus is certainly the Jewish Messiah, but he is also the Savior of the whole world.

What is Luke 24 Concise Commentary? ›

Christ's disciples are often sad and sorrowful, even when they have reason to rejoice; but through the weakness of their faith, they cannot take the comfort offered to them. Though Christ is entered into his state of exaltation, yet he notices the sorrows of his disciples, and is afflicted in their afflictions.

What is Luke 21 concise commentary? ›

It is our duty and interest at all times, especially in perilous, trying times, to secure the safety of our own souls. It is by Christian patience we keep possession of our own souls, and keep out all those impressions which would put us out of temper.

What is Luke 13 concise commentary? ›

As no place or employment can secure from the stroke of death, we should consider the sudden removals of others as warnings to ourselves. On these accounts Christ founded a call to repentance. The same Jesus that bids us repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand, bids us repent, for otherwise we shall perish.

What are 3 themes in Luke's gospel? ›

Theological Themes in Luke
  • The ascension of JesusJesus is the Messiah whose life, death, and resurrection are God's saving act for humanity More. ...
  • The Holy Spirit.

Who did Luke write the Gospel for? ›

The Gospel of Luke was written with the intention of leading Theophilus, a lost man, to faith in Christ. Luke knew his relationship with Theophilus was an opportunity for helping him to place his faith in Christ.

What is Luke 14 concise commentary? ›

In this parable observe the free grace and mercy of God shining in the gospel of Christ, which will be food and a feast for the soul of a man that knows its own wants and miseries. All found some pretence to put off their attendance. This reproves the Jewish nation for their neglect of the offers of Christ's grace.

What is the commentary of Luke 13 vs 6? ›

“We are fig trees planted in His vineyard. It is a mark of favour.” God requires and expects fruit from those planted in His vineyard. It dishonors God greatly to enjoy the privileges of the gospel and yet not act upon it.

What is the commentary on Luke 21 7? ›

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Luke 21:7

Christ tells them what hard things they should suffer for his name's sake, and encourages them to bear up under their trials, and to go on in their work, notwithstanding the opposition they would meet with. God will stand by you, and own you, and assist you.

What is Luke 5 6 commentary? ›

Luke 5:6-7 (NIV)

If we are believers, we have been brought out of Egypt (slavery) - we are no longer slaves to sin but slaves to righteousness. We have been set free from sin and death through the powerful blood of Jesus.

What is Luke 8 concise commentary? ›

We ought to take heed of the things that will hinder our profiting by the word we hear; to take heed lest we hear carelessly and slightly, lest we entertain prejudices against the word we hear; and to take heed to our spirits after we have heard the word, lest we lose what we have gained.

What is the commentary of Luke 11.5 13? ›

Gospel: Luke 11:5-13

I can't get up and give you anything. ' I tell you, even though he will not get up and give you the bread because of friendship, yet because of your shameless audacity he will surely get up and give you as much as you need.

What is Luke 20 concise commentary? ›

Christ, as God, was David's Lord; but Christ, as man, was David's son. The scribes would receive the severest judgement for defrauding the poor widows, and for their abuse of religion, particularly of prayer, which they used as a pretence for carrying on worldly and wicked plans. Dissembled piety is double sin.

What are the commentaries on Luke 13 24? ›

Faith alone saves, but faith that saves is never alone. We are not saved by works but by a faith that works. One "fruit" of genuine faith is a God given power to strive and fight and keep on doing so to the very end.

What are the commentaries on Luke 17 6? ›

Jesus tells me that “Everything is possible for him who believes.” I can do all things through Christ who gives me strength. I am also to be very strong and courageous.

What is unique about Luke's Gospel? ›

Luke's Gospel is also unique in its perspective. It resembles the other synoptics in its treatment of the life of Jesus, but it goes beyond them in narrating the ministry of Jesus, widening its perspective to consider God's overall historical purpose and the place of the church within it.

What are the four main sections of the Gospel of Luke? ›

The Journey to Jerusalem: Luke's Travel Narrative (9:51–19:27) The Teaching Ministry in Jerusalem (19:28–21:38) The Passion Narrative (22:1–23:56) The Resurrection Narrative (24:1–53)

What is Luke 3 about short summary? ›

Luke 3 is the third chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible, traditionally attributed to Luke the Evangelist, a companion of Paul the Apostle on his missionary journeys. It contains an account of the preaching of John the Baptist as well as a genealogy of Jesus.

What was Luke's relationship with Jesus? ›

According to tradition, St. Luke was a physician and possibly a Gentile. He was not one of the original 12 Apostles but may have been one of the 70 disciples appointed by Jesus (Luke 10).

Which gospel is the most accurate? ›

Scholars since the 19th century have regarded Mark as the first of the gospels (called the theory of Markan priority). Markan priority led to the belief that Mark must be the most reliable of the gospels, but today there is a large consensus that the author of Mark was not intending to write history.

Did gospel writer Luke know Jesus? ›

Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. He became a follower after the Lord's death, when Paul taught him the gospel. Luke had been a physician, but he left that profession to travel with Paul.

What can we learn from Luke 5 17? ›

All we need is forgiveness and to lay that truth to heart for us to be happy and restful. To begin a good life is to deal with your sins first. To share your vision, spirit, and mission, you need to be whole as a person. Jesus forgives and we need to accept, forgive, and forget as He does.

What does Luke 13 teach us? ›

In Luke 13 we read that the Savior related a parable about a fig tree that would be cut down if it failed to produce fruit. This parable was directed to the Jews who should have brought forth good fruit, and it teaches that we will perish if we do not repent.

What is Jesus teaching in Luke 14? ›

It is better to choose humility than to be compelled to be humble because of our circumstances (see Luke 14:7–11; see also Alma 32:13–16). Disciples of Christ willingly obey His commandments and make sacrifices (see Luke 14:25–33). People may be spiritually lost for different reasons.

What does the fig tree symbolize in Luke 13? ›

Cornelius a Lapide gives the synagogue interpretation referred to above, writing, "In the letter the fig-tree represents the synagogue of the Jews, which God planted through Moses; to which Christ came by the Incarnation, to cultivate it by His preaching.

What does Luke 17 teach us? ›

(3-4) If someone stumbles you, deal with it and forgive them. “Take heed to yourselves. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him. And if he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day returns to you, saying, 'I repent,' you shall forgive him.”

What does Luke 18 teach us? ›

Jesus uses this parable to teach his disciples never to give up. He shows them the importance of persistence and resilience. He knows that life involves disappointment, loss, injustice, and persecution—all very good reasons to give up and lose hope!

What does Luke 22 teach us? ›

The lesson for Luke 22 emphasizes the severity of His suffering. Teaching students these unique aspects of the Atonement can enable them to have distinctive experiences as they study each account. Explain that after the Passover, the Savior and His Apostles went to the Garden of Gethsemane.

What can we learn from luke 3 7 18? ›

John tells the tax collectors and soldiers to stop abusing people in order to make more money. Don't take more than the minimum, don't shake people down, and don't blackmail them. Be content with your wages. John's words show that he views poverty neither as an accident nor as the fault of the poor.

What can we learn from Luke 7 1 17? ›

In Luke 7:1-17, the focus is not really on us and our faith. Nor is it a matter of us getting the titles right for Jesus. Rather, I think it's important for us to experience again the love of God that is made known in Jesus. The most important word, then, that we hear Jesus speak is to the widow: “Do not weep.”

What is the commentary of Luke 3 5? ›

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Luke 3:5

By the words here used John preached the necessity of repentance, in order to the remission of sins, and that the baptism of water was an outward sign of that inward cleansing and renewal of heart, which attend, or are the effects of true repentance, as well as a profession of it.

What is the commentary of Luke 19 5? ›

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Luke 19:5

Those who sincerely desire a sight of Christ, like Zaccheus, will break through opposition, and take pains to see him. Christ invited himself to Zaccheus' house. Wherever Christ comes he opens the heart, and inclines it to receive him.

What can we learn from Luke 9? ›

God can do what we cannot do. That is what makes serving our Lord so special. God's will and plan will be accomplished in spite of our shortcomings. There are so many things that we think we cannot do for the Lord because we think we are not good enough.

What is the commentary in Luke 8 17? ›

Jesus is calling on his disciples to be open and forthcoming about the teachings he is sharing with them. They are not to be held in secret for just an elect few; they are, rather, to be held openly and affirmed together.

What are the commentaries on Luke 9 7 9? ›

Having a strong faith with our Lord can strengthen our mind, determination, passion. A true disciple has a faith-filled desire to know Jesus and to grow in an ever- deepening relationship with him. You love us and offer us the gift of association. Our inner life will grow.

What can we learn from Luke 8 4 15? ›

that they may not believe and be saved. Those on rocky ground are the ones who, when they hear, receive the word with joy, but they have no root; they believe only for a time and fall away in time of trial.

What is the sermon on Luke 19 8? ›

(Luke 19:8) And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold. Albert Barnes said of this phrase the half of my goods I give to the poor …

What is the lesson of Luke 11 5 8? ›

The parable of the friend at midnight (Luke 11:5–8) affords an excellent example. Few would have raised eyebrows about a friend arriving at midnight unannounced in a world without modern forms of communication or the ability to estimate the length of travel accurately.

What is the sermon on Luke 8 18? ›

“Blessed are your ears for they hear. Many prophets and righteous men have desired to hear the things which you hear but did not hear them.” It is the duty of the preacher to proclaim faithfully the truth as it is in Jesus. He is not responsible for what those who hear the truth do with it.

What is the kingdom of God according to Luke? ›

Luke's gospel underscores the idea that the Kingdom of God was cropping up in unlikely and unnoticeable ways. For example, the reign of God is small but powerful, like a mustard seed or a bit of leavening (13:18-22). The kingdom belongs to children and those as lowly as children (18:15-17).

What is the introduction of the Gospel of Luke? ›

The Gospel of Luke proclaims Jesus as the king who is coming into the world. Appointed by God, his rule will put right everything that has gone wrong following the rebellion and fall of humanity that began with Adam and Eve. At present, much of the world is governed by rebels against God's authority.

What did Jesus mean by the kingdom of God is within you? ›

Importance of Jesus' Words

Jesus said, "for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you" in response to the Pharisees asking when the Kingdom of God will come. The saying has numerous explanations including that enlightenment is within you, in your heart, and your spark of God has always been there.

Where is heaven according to the Bible? ›

Heaven is a place of peace, love, community, and worship, where God is surrounded by a heavenly court and other heavenly beings. Biblical authors imagined the earth as a flat place with Sheol below (the realm of the dead) and a dome over the earth that separates it from the heavens or sky above.

What are the 7 values of the kingdom of God? ›

Outlining seven principles which include- Love, Repentance, Faith, Obedience, Purpose, Fearless, and Prayer- Seven Keys to Becoming A Kingdom Maker will thrust you into a life of freedom and intimacy with God as you become pregnant with his purpose and live out his plan for your life!

What can we learn from the Gospel of Luke? ›

Luke reveals that God is no respecter of persons; He opened His heart to the needy through the kingdom ministry of His Son. The Son of Man who heals the sick, raises the dead and calls the prodigal back is also the transcendent God who calls all people to Himself in salvation.

What are some interesting facts about Luke? ›

Here are five interesting facts about the Gospel of Luke:
  • It's the longest Gospel (and New Testament book) ...
  • The symbol of Luke's Gospel is an ox. ...
  • Luke is the only Gospel written by a Gentile. ...
  • Luke was a physician. ...
  • It features unique and well-known parables.
Jul 27, 2017


1. Messianic Checkpoint: The Gospel of Luke (Jeff Cavins) — The Bible in a Year (with Fr. Mike Schmitz)
(The Bible in a Year (with Fr. Mike Schmitz))
2. Holy Bible Audio: Romans - Chapters 1 to 16 (Contemporary English) With Text
(Holy Bible)
3. The Holy Bible - All 4 Gospels - Matthew, Mark, Luke, & John
(Just In Bible - HD Audio-Text Read Along)
4. The Gospel according to St John, read by Sir David Suchet
(Westminster Abbey)
5. Holy Bible: Matthew 1 to 28 - Full (Contemporary English) With Text
(Holy Bible)
6. Holy Bible Audio: JAMES (Contemporary English) With Text
(Holy Bible)


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